218,302 research outputs found

    Guided Modes in Negative Refractive Index Waveguides

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    We study linear guided waves propagating in a slab waveguide made of a negative-refraction- index material, the so-called left-handed waveguide. We reveal that the guided waves in left-handed waveguides possess a number of peculiar properties, such as the absence of the fundamental modes, mode double degeneracy, and sign-varying energy ux. In particular, we predict the existence of novel types of guided waves with a dipole-vortex structure of the Pointing vector.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    Comment on ``Enhanced transmission of light through a gold film due to excitation of standing surface-plasmon Bloch waves"

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    The purpose of this comment is first to correct a misapprehension of the role played by composite wave diffraction on surface-wave generation at subwavelength structures and second to point out that periodic Bloch structures are unnecessary for the efficient production of the surface plasmon polariton (SPP) guided mode either as traveling or standing waves. Guided surface waves originate from simple slit or groove edges illuminated under normal incidence, and one-dimensional (1-D) surface cavities from these standing waves are easily realized.Comment: This posting is a comment on an article, I. I. Smolyaninov and Y.-J. Hung, Phys. Rev. B 75, 033411 (2007

    Nonlinear guided waves and symmetry breaking in left-handed waveguides

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    We analyze nonlinear guided waves in a planar waveguide made of a left-handed material surrounded by a Kerr-like nonlinear dielectric. We predict that such a waveguide can support fast and slow symmetric and antisymmetric nonlinear modes. We study the symmetry breaking bifurcation and asymmetric modes in such a symmetric structure. We analyze nonlinear dispersion properties of the guided waves, and show that the modes can be both forward and backward.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    Universal diagrams for te waves guided by thin films bounded by saturable nonlinear media

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    It is shown that universal V-b diagrams provide a powerful tool when analyzing the stationary waveguiding properties of the TE waves guided by a thin film bounded by a saturable nonlinear substrate or cladding. For a wide class of nonlinearities, the allowed and forbidden regions of these diagrams, for a stationary guided propagation to occur, display a universal pattern, the marginal loci separating different allowed regions from the forbidden ones being simple functions of only the asymmetry measure of the waveguide and the saturation value of the nonlinear permittivity. Relevant information for device design purposes is summarized on a few diagrams, so general waveguiding properties can be immediately read-off from them, and threshold power-independent values of the normalized thickness of the waveguide for a particular kind of guided wave to be allowed are obtained. Qualitative information concerning both the guided power and the stability of guided waves is also included in the diagrams.Peer ReviewedPostprint (published version
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