51,734 research outputs found

    Impacto del proceso de integración europea sobre las exportaciones de Castilla y León (1993-2007): un análisis econométrico a partir de la ecuación de gravedad

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    27306Este trabajo analiza el impacto del proceso de integración europea sobre el volumen de exportaciones de Castilla y León durante el período 1993-2007. La metodología utilizada se basa en la estimación de una ecuación de gravedad, que constituye una herramienta útil en la modelización de los flujos de comercio bilateral. Tras aplicar un análisis de datos de panel, los resultados indican que la riqueza del país importador y de Castilla y León, así como la distancia entre ellos, son las variables básicas de la ecuación de gravedad que mejor explican el flujo exportador analizado. Respecto a los distintos acontecimientos vinculados al proceso de integración europea, nuestros hallazgos ponen de manifiesto que ni la pertenencia del país importador a la UE, ni el hecho de compartir una moneda común, han ejercido un impacto favorable significativo sobre la cifra de exportaciones de Castilla y León.S

    How Does Reciprocity Affect Undergraduate Student Orientation towards Stakeholders?

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    5987Nowadays, students are more aware of the impact of companies on their stakeholders and the need for properly handling their expectations to operationalize corporate social responsibility. Nevertheless, little is known about how certain individual traits may relate to their stance on the issue. This exploratory research contributes to stakeholder theory by analysing the e ect of the individual’s decision-making process, including the consideration of their social preferences, on their orientation toward stakeholder management. Here, we draw upon a theoretical model for resource-allocation decision-making consisting of reciprocal and non-reciprocal components. Our data, from undergraduate students enrolled in di erent degrees, were collected through a questionnaire and two social within-subject experiments (ultimatum and dictator games). Thus, our results show that the presence of a reciprocal component when decisions are made is positively linked to an instrumental orientation toward stakeholders. In addition, a greater non-reciprocal component in the decision-making process corresponds to a more normative orientation.S

    Interactive Sonic Environments: Sonic artwork via gameplay experience

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    The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of video-game technology in the design and implementation of interactive sonic centric artworks, the purpose of which is to create and contribute to the discourse and understanding of its effectiveness in electro-acoustic composition highlighting the creative process. Key research questions include: How can the language of electro-acoustic music be placed in a new framework derived from videogame aesthetics and technology? What new creative processes need to be considered when using this medium? Moreover, what aspects of 'play' should be considered when designing the systems? The findings of this study assert that composers and sonic art practitioners need little or no coding knowledge to create exciting applications and the myriad of options available to the composer when using video-game technology is limited only by imagination. Through a cyclic process of planning, building, testing and playing these applications the project revealed advantages and unique sonic opportunities in comparison to other sonic art installations. A portfolio of selected original compositions, both fixed and open are presented by the author to complement this study. The commentary serves to place the work in context with other practitioners in the field and to provide compositional approaches that have been taken

    The Time Devil runs amok: How I improved my creative practice by adopting a multimodal approach for a specific audience.

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    This research illustrates how teacher-writers can improve their craft and pedagogy by writing for a specific audience, namely school children. It also illustrates why they might do so. It interrogates what was learnt from an innovative collaboration between a university teacher-education department, an inner-city secondary school and the United Kingdom’s National Maritime Museum (NMM). Multimodality (Barnard 2019) inspired the project: local spaces, institutional settings, historical objects, photographs, pictures, time-travelling films and narratives motivated the teacher-writer and participants to read and respond imaginatively to the world. The author found that the project caused him to “remediate” his own practice: to transfer “existing skills in order to tackle new genres” (Barnard 2019: 121). This process enabled him to become a more effective writer and teacher. The research shows that the problem of multimodal overload – having too much choice regarding what to write about and the many forms writing can take – can be circumnavigated if participants are given both autonomy and constraints. It illustrates in some depth how the concept of reciprocity is vital to adopt if writers are to improve their craft

    The labour supply and retirement of older workers: an empirical analysis

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    This thesis examines the labour supply of older workers, their movement into retirement, and any movement out of retirement and back into work. In particular the labour force participation, labour supply and wage elasticity and other income elasticity of work hours are estimated for older workers and compared to younger workers. The thesis goes on to look at the movement into retirement for older workers as a whole by examining cohorts by gender, wave and age. The thesis also presents a descriptive and quantitative • examination of the changes in income and happiness that occur as an individual retires. Finally the thesis examines the reasons why an individual may return to work from v . retirement. The results of the findings suggest: that younger workers are significantly more responsive to wage and household income changes than older worker

    Strung pieces: on the aesthetics of television fiction series

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    As layered and long works, television fiction series have aesthetic properties that are built over time, bit by bit. This thesis develops a group of concepts that enable the study of these properties, It argues that a series is made of strung pieces, a system of related elements. The text begins by considering this sequential form within the fields of film and television. This opening chapter defines the object and methodology of research, arguing for a non-essentialist distinction between cinema and television and against the adequacy of textual and contextual analyses as approaches to the aesthetics of these shows. It proposes instead that these programmes should be described as televisual works that can be scrutinised through aesthetic analysis. The next chapters propose a sequence of interrelated concepts. The second chapter contends that series are composed of building blocks that can be either units into which series are divided or motifs that unify series and are dispersed across their pans. These blocks are patterned according to four kinds of relations or principles of composition. Repetition and variation are treated in tandem in the third chapter because of their close connection, given that variation emerges from established repetition. Exception and progression are also discussed together in the fourth chapter since they both require a long view of these serial works. The former, in order to be recognised as a deviation from the patterns of repetition and variation. The latter, In order to be understood in Its many dimensions as the series advances. Each of these concepts is further detailed with additional distinctions between types of units, motifs, repetitions, variations, and exceptions, using illustrative examples from numerous shows. In contrast, the section on progression uses a single series as case study, Carnivàle (2003-05), because this is the overarching principle that encompasses all the others. The conclusion considers the findings of the research and suggests avenues for their application

    Studies of strategic performance management for classical organizations theory & practice

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    Nowadays, the activities of "Performance Management" have spread very broadly in actually every part of business and management. There are numerous practitioners and researchers from very different disciplines, who are involved in exploring the different contents of performance management. In this thesis, some relevant historic developments in performance management are first reviewed. This includes various theories and frameworks of performance management. Then several management science techniques are developed for assessing performance management, including new methods in Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Soft System Methodology (SSM). A theoretical framework for performance management and its practical procedures (five phases) are developed for "classic" organizations using soft system thinking, and the relationship with the existing theories are explored. Eventually these results are applied in three case studies to verify our theoretical development. One of the main contributions of this work is to point out, and to systematically explore the basic idea that the effective forms and structures of performance management for an organization are likely to depend greatly on the organizational configuration, in order to coordinate well with other management activities in the organization, which has seemingly been neglected in the existing literature of performance management research in the sense that there exists little known research that associated particular forms of performance management with the explicit assumptions of organizational configuration. By applying SSM, this thesis logically derives some main functional blocks of performance management in 'classic' organizations and clarifies the relationships between performance management and other management activities. Furthermore, it develops some new tools and procedures, which can hierarchically decompose organizational strategies and produce a practical model of specific implementation steps for "classic" organizations. Our approach integrates popular types of performance management models. Last but not least, this thesis presents findings from three major cases, which are quite different organizations in terms of management styles, ownership, and operating environment, to illustrate the fliexbility of the developed theoretical framework

    Cocreación de rúbricas para potenciar el desarrollo de la capacidad de autogestión del proyecto artístico y su evaluación en un curso de Taller de Proyecto Final Escultura 2 de una universidad privada de Lima

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    Esta investigación busca responder a la siguiente pregunta: ¿De qué manera la cocreación de rúbricas propicia el desarrollo y la autoevaluación de la capacidad de autogestión del proyecto artístico de fin de carrera de los estudiantes de una Facultad de Arte y Diseño en una universidad privada de Lima? El objeto de estudio de la investigación es la implementación de un proyecto de innovación en la docencia universitaria cuyo objetivo principal es desarrollar la capacidad de autogestión del proyecto artístico y su autoevaluación mediante el diseño colaborativo de rúbricas en el curso Taller de Proyecto Final Escultura 2, facilitado a distancia debido a la pandemia de COVID-19. Para ello, se incorpora el enfoque de la evaluación como aprendizaje (Earl, 2003; Western and Northern Canadian Protocol for Collaboration in Education [WNCP], 2006; Dann, 2014) y empoderamiento (Rodríguez-Gómez e Ibarra-Sáiz, 2015), que consiste en guiar y acompañar a los estudiantes en sus propios procesos a través del monitoreo y reflexión crítica realizados por ellos mismos. Con el objetivo de incorporar este enfoque en el desarrollo del proyecto de innovación, se establece una secuencia metodológica para la cocreación de instrumentos de evaluación, tomando como referencia las investigaciones de Fraile et al. (2013), Gámiz-Sánches et al. (2015) y Kilgour et al. (2020). Estos estudios señalan que las dinámicas de cocreación de rúbricas favorecen el involucramiento de los estudiantes en el proceso de evaluación, lo cual fomenta su autorregulación, autonomía y mejora su rendimiento académico. El método empleado es la Investigación-acción (IA) y los instrumentos diseñados para el análisis de resultados son: el diario docente, un cuestionario mixto de tipo panel y una guía de grupo focal aplicada al final del proyecto de innovación. Los resultados evidencian que la cocreación de rúbricas propicia el desarrollo y la autoevaluación de la capacidad de autogestión del proyecto artístico de los estudiantes. Además, el enfoque de la evaluación como aprendizaje favorece su empoderamiento, pues a partir de la cocreación de rúbricas y su posterior aplicación lograron incorporar mecanismos para ajustar y avanzar en la autogestión de sus proyectos de fin de carrera, participando en eventos, concursos y convocatorias de interés.This investigation seeks to answer the following question: In what way does the co-creation of rubrics promote the development and assessment of self-management skills during students' end-of-degree artistic projects in the studio-based course Final Sculpture Project 2 of a private University in Lima? The object of study of this investigation is the implementation of an innovation in higher education teaching which has the development of self-management capabilities of the artistic project and its self-evaluation through the collaborative design of rubrics in the studio-based course Final Sculpture Project 2, facilitated remotely due to the COVID-19 pandemic as the main objective. To this end, two different approaches are incorporated; assessment as learning (Earl, 2003; Western and Northern Canadian Protocol for Collaboration in Education [WNCP], 2006) and empowerment (Rodríguez-Gómez and Ibarra-Sáiz, 2015), which consists of guiding and accompanying the students in their processes through monitoring and critical thinking which are lead by the own students. With the aim of incorporating this approach into the development of an innovation project, a methodological sequence is established for the co-creation of evaluation instruments, taking the research lead by Gámiz-Sánches et al. (2015) and Kilgour et al. (2020) as reference. Both studies indicate that the dynamics involved in the co-creation of rubrics favour the involvement of students in the evaluation process, which encourages their self-regulation, autonomy and improves their academic performance. The method used is that of Action Research (AR) and the instruments designed for the analysis of results are the teaching diary, a mixed panel-type questionnaire and a focus group guide to be applied at the end of the innovation project. The results show that the co-creation of rubrics fosters the development and self-evaluation of the student’s self-management during their artistic project. In addition, the approach to assessment as learning favours their empowerment, since through the co-creation of rubrics and their subsequent application students managed to incorporate mechanisms to adjust to and advance in the self-management of their end-of-degree projects, participating in relevant events, contests and open calls

    Word sketches of descriptive modifiers in children's short stories for teacher training in teaching English as a foreign language

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    .Stories have proved to be an important didactic resource in language teaching; therefore, teacher trainees are often encouraged to design story-based tasks. However, they may find difficulties in identifying the language typically found in children's stories. For this reason, the present paper aims at exploring a relevant feature of this genre, descriptive modifiers, in order to raise student teachers’ genre awareness and prompt them to use high-frequency words and phrases. In this corpus-based study, a number of key elements were first identified, then classified, and finally, their occurrences were analyzed to obtain patterns in their grammatical behavior and an inventory of their most common collocates. SketchEngine was used both to compile the corpus and to retrieve word sketches of each modifier. Gaining more insight into the language of stories can contribute to helping teacher trainees to perceive characteristic language in children-oriented text types and to develop their own storytelling abilities.S
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