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    Beyond Binary: Genderqueer as Critical Gender Kind

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    We want to know what gender is. But metaphysical approaches to this question solely have focused on the binary gender kinds men and women. By overlooking those who identify outside of the binary–the group I call ‘genderqueer’–we are left without tools for understanding these new and quickly growing gender identifications. This metaphysical gap in turn creates a conceptual lacuna that contributes to systematic misunderstanding of genderqueer persons. In this paper, I argue that to better understand genderqueer identities, we must recognize a new type of gender kind: critical gender kinds, or kinds whose members collectively destabilize one or more pieces of dominant gender ideology. After developing a model of critical gender kinds, I suggest that genderqueer is best modeled as a critical gender kind that destabilizes the ‘binary axis’, or the piece of dominant gender ideology that says that the only possible genders are the binary, discrete, exclusive, and exhaustive kinds men and women

    From blues to rainbows: the mental health and well-being of gender diverse and transgender young people in Australia

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    This study of gender diverse and transgender young people reveals high rates of depression, suicidal thoughts and anxiety. Introduction This report is the culmination of many months of engagement across Australia with young people aged between 14 and 25 who have shared their thoughts, understandings, experiences, hopes and dreams with us through an online survey and online interviews. Their narratives are insightful, touching, and hopeful. Young voices have told us how they care for themselves as well as shining a light on how health services, schools, government and policy makers can better serve their needs. This research was designed to expand on findings from previous Australian research with young people that found that gender-questioning and transgender young people not only experienced higher rates of self-harm and suicidal thoughts, but were also more likely to be involved in activism than their cisgender and same-sex attracted peers. This later finding is a potentially positive one and points to the need for research to not only explore the mental health needs of these young people but also the ways in which they advocate and care for themselves in the face of discrimination and abuse

    Trans and Genderqueer Subjects in Medieval Hagiography

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    Trans and Genderqueer Subjects in Medieval Hagiography presents an interdisciplinary examination of trans and genderqueer subjects in medieval hagiography. Scholarship has productively combined analysis of medieval literary texts with modern queer theory – yet, too often, questions of gender are explored almost exclusively through a prism of sexuality, rather than gender identity. This volume moves beyond such limitations, foregrounding the richness of hagiography as a genre integrally resistant to limiting binaristic categories, including rigid gender binaries. The collection showcases scholarship by emerging trans and genderqueer authors, as well as the work of established researchers. Working at the vanguard of historical trans studies, these scholars demonstrate the vital and vitally political nature of their work as medievalists. Trans and Genderqueer Subjects in Medieval Hagiography enables the re-creation of a lineage linking modern trans and genderqueer individuals to their medieval ancestors, providing models of queer identity where much scholarship has insisted there were none, and re-establishing the place of non-normative gender in history

    Genderqueer: What It Means

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    This article explains the term genderqueer, presenting a comprehensive, unambiguous, working definition. Getting to a definition of genderqueer could be the first step toward tolerance, acceptance, and eventual appreciation of a marginalized group of people. There are three primary ways in which the word genderqueer is conceptualized. First, the term can describe a personal identity that exists outside of the gender binary. Second, it can refer to an identity that consists of a particular amalgamation of masculine and feminine traits (or even the rejection of all such traits). Third, the word can represent an identity that embraces a fluidity of gender

    The intersection of race, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, trans identity, and mental health outcomes

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    The present study examined patterns in trans individuals’ multiple identities and mental health outcomes. Cluster 1 (socioeconomic and racial privilege; n = 239) was characterized by individuals who identified as trans women or cross-dressers, lesbian, bisexual, or questioning; had associates degrees; reported household incomes of 60,000ormoreayear;andwerenonLatinoWhite.Cluster2(educationalprivilege;n=191)wascharacterizedbyindividualswhoidentifiedastransmenorgenderqueer,gay,orqueer;hadabachelorsdegree;reportedhouseholdincomesof60,000 or more a year; and were non-Latino White. Cluster 2 (educational privilege; n = 191) was characterized by individuals who identified as trans men or genderqueer, gay, or queer; had a bachelor’s degree; reported household incomes of 10,000 or less a year; and were people of color. There was a pattern of individuals in Cluster 1 who identified with two privileged identities (identifying as White and having higher household incomes), whereas individuals in Cluster 2 identified only formal education as a privilege. Individuals in Cluster 2 reported statistically significant levels of anxiety. Implications of these results for future research and clinical practice are examined.Accepted manuscrip

    Queer(ing) gender: a critical analysis of thinking, embodying, and living genderqueer

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    A purpose of this dissertation is to offer a new look at the genderqueer body and experiences in order to further queer our current frames of thinking about gender in ways that challenge hegemonic structures of analyzing, defining, and evaluating lived experiences in relation to more than gender alone. Informed by Queer Theory and Gender Studies, and hinged on Endarkened Feminist, Feminist, and Post-Structuralist epistemologies, this study encourages a shift from only acknowledging the social construction of gender (both inside and outside the binary), to acknowledging the social process of becoming. As such, this study encourages valuing the relationships between intersectionality, liminality, and assemblages as a part of rhizomatic qualities of gender. In order to accomplish the goals of the project, the researcher, along with nine participants, explored the genderqueer terrain of identity and representation through participatory action research, A/R/Tography, and Mindful Inquiry. Four critical questions helped aide in thinking about the genderqueer body: (1) What kind of body is the genderqueer body, and how is it understood and lived? (2) What is the liminal space in which genderqueer individuals occupy/navigate/live? (3) How is this liminal space productive or unsafe? and, (4) How can others embrace/utilize the productivity within the liminal spaces of their own identity in both social and educational spaces

    “By Following Them, I Was Able to Identify Things I Shared With Them” : Conceptualizing How Social Media Use Influences Genderqueer Identity Development

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    Among young genderqueer people, social media can be used as a tool for gender exploration, building support systems, and identity validation. However, literature on how these processes are linked together over time to curate a holistic sense of identity is limited. Using a grounded theory framework, this study seeks to construct a model explaining how gender identity development is linearly influenced by social media use among young genderqueer (transgender, non-binary, genderfluid, etc.) individuals. 20 indepth interviews were conducted with genderqueer participants ranging in age from 18- 26 years old. Participants were recruited through personal contact, referrals, and social media posts. Findings indicate four major steps in identity development, all of which are influenced in varying degrees by social media use: 1. Realization, 2. Exploration, 3. Actualization, and 4. Solidification. The process of realization occurred in offline spaces for most participants, and exposure to genderqueer identities began to push participants to find more information on the subject. As participants began to explore their gender identity, they moved online, using social media to become familiar with queer identity nomenclature and seeking out genderqueer-specific content, usually given in first-hand accounts by other genderqueer people. Participants viewed this content reflexively and used it to better understand their own gender identity. Once participants had internally worked through their identity, they began to externalize their queer gender identity to others in their life. Many participants expressed that they used social media posts to share personal information related to changing aspects of their gender identity with large audiences at this point in their development. Additionally, a high level of importance was placed on the ability to control and curate who gender identity-related content was visible to online, with the goal being to create safe and comfortable spaces to explore and express one’s identity