29,755 research outputs found

    Comedians without a Cause: The Politics and Aesthetics of Humour in Dutch Cabaret (1966-2020)

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    Comedians play an important role in society and public debate. While comedians have been considered important cultural critics for quite some time, comedy has acquired a new social and political significance in recent years, with humour taking centre stage in political and social debates around issues of identity, social justice, and freedom of speech. To understand the shifting meanings and political implications of humour within a Dutch context, this PhD thesis examines the political and aesthetic workings of humour in the highly popular Dutch cabaret genre, focusing on cabaret performances from the 1960s to the present. The central questions of the thesis are: how do comedians use humour to deliver social critique, and how does their humour resonate with political ideologies? These questions are answered by adopting a cultural studies approach to humour, which is used to analyse Dutch cabaret performances, and by studying related materials such as reviews and media interviews with comedians. This thesis shows that, from the 1960s onwards, Dutch comedians have been considered ‚Äėprogressive rebels‚Äô ‚Äď politically engaged, subversive, and carrying a left-wing political agenda ‚Äď but that this image is in need of correction. While we tend to look for progressive political messages in the work of comedians who present themselves as being anti-establishment rebels ‚Äď such as Youp van ‚Äėt Hek, Hans Teeuwen, and Theo Maassen ‚Äď this thesis demonstrates that their transgressive and provocative humour tends to protect social hierarchies and relationships of power. Moreover, it shows that, paradoxically, both the deliberately moderate and nuanced humour of Wim Kan and Claudia de Breij, and the seemingly past-oriented nostalgia of Alex Klaasen, are more radical and progressive than the transgressive humour of van ‚Äėt Hek, Teeuwen and Maassen. Finally, comedians who present absurdist or deconstructionist forms of humour, such as the early student cabarets, Freek de Jonge, and Micha Wertheim, tend to disassociate themselves from an explicit political engagement. By challenging the dominant image of the Dutch comedian as a ‚Äėprogressive rebel,‚Äô this thesis contributes to a better understanding of humour in the present cultural moment, in which humour is often either not taken seriously, or one-sidedly celebrated as being merely pleasurable, innocent, or progressively liberating. In so doing, this thesis concludes, the ‚Äėdark‚Äô and more conservative sides of humour tend to get obscured

    Experiencias del uso de drogas en la actividad sexual, en adictos policonsumidores, en las ciudades de Guayaquil y Cuenca

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    Antecedentes: Consumidores de sustancias afirmaron que el mejoramiento del desempe√Īo sexual influy√≥ en su decisi√≥n de consumo. En el pa√≠s, se requiere estudios que nos permitan evaluar la situaci√≥n nacional sobre el uso de drogas y actividad sexual. Objetivo: Describir la experiencia del uso de drogas en la actividad sexual de los adictos policonsumidores. Materiales y m√©todos: El estudio fue de tipo cualitativo, fenomenol√≥gico y transversal. Se aplic√≥ la t√©cnica de la entrevista a 12 participantes de 18 a 60 a√Īos y se realiz√≥ el an√°lisis de contenidos, as√≠ como el mapeo de categor√≠as mediante el uso del software Taguette. Resultados: Los participantes consum√≠an alcohol (100%), marihuana (66,7%), coca√≠na (41,7%); tabaco (33,3%), alucin√≥genos (33,3%), √©xtasis (25%), tranquilizantes (25%). Casi todos los participantes mencionaron nula satisfacci√≥n, perdieron el deseo y la excitaci√≥n sexual, alteraci√≥n de respuesta sexual, p√©rdida de sensaci√≥n org√°smica, alteraci√≥n de resoluci√≥n. Los participantes mencionaron creencias personales y la desinhibici√≥n como principales factores motivacionales del consumo. La violencia es ejercida con mayor prevalencia sobre las mujeres. Factores conductuales est√°n presentes con el consumo de sustancias. Los da√Īos org√°nicos no se abordan adecuadamente. Conclusiones: Los adictos presentan creencias sobre su desempe√Īo sexual; pero al mantenerse en abstinencia, reeval√ļan la realidad, en la cual, manifiestan p√©rdida de satisfacci√≥n, del placer, de sensaci√≥n de orgasmo y de la calidad de la relaci√≥n sexual.Background: Substance users stated that improved sexual performance influenced their decision to use. In the country, more studies are required to assess the national situation regarding drug use and sexual activity. Objective: To describe the experience of drug use in the sexual activity of poly-consumer addicts. Materials and methods: The study was qualitative, phenomenological and cross-sectional. The interview technique was applied to 12 participants aged 18 to 60 years and content analysis was performed, as well as category mapping using Taguette software. Results: The participants consumed alcohol (100%), marijuana (66.7%), cocaine (41.7%); tobacco (33.3%), hallucinogens (33.3%), ecstasy (25%), tranquilizers (25%). Almost all participants mentioned no satisfaction, loss of sexual desire and arousal, altered sexual response, loss of orgasmic sensation, altered resolution. Participants mentioned personal beliefs and disinhibition as the main motivational factors for consumption. Violence is more prevalent among women. Behavioral factors are present with substance use. Organic damage is not adequately addressed. Conclusions: Addicts present beliefs about their sexual performance; but when they remain abstinent, they reevaluate reality, in which they manifest loss of satisfaction, pleasure, orgasm sensation and quality of sexual intercourse.Mag√≠ster en Sexolog√≠aCuenc

    Negociando con la masculinidad hegemónica: Una aproximación etnográfica con jóvenes universitarios de Quito

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    Esta investigaci√≥n pretende con la auto etnograf√≠a, describir las caracter√≠sticas que priman en la estructuraci√≥n de la Masculinidad Hegem√≥nica (MH) en la infancia-adolescencia de j√≥venes universitarios de Quito, a trav√©s de las narrativas de sus experiencias liminales referentes a la sexualidad, para luego identificar c√≥mo esas experiencias se han ido deconstruyendo en la adultez, dando paso al estudio de la transici√≥n de la MH hacia una Masculinidad Contrahegem√≥nica (MCH), contribuyendo as√≠ al estudio de las nuevas masculinidades en el contexto ecuatoriano y a la promoci√≥n de la equidad de g√©nero. Parte de las caracter√≠sticas principales de la MH se encuentran: constante validaci√≥n social, el falocentrismo, el androcentrismo, cosificaci√≥n y sexualizaci√≥n de la mujer, homosocialidad y homoerotismo, consumo de alcohol, inhibici√≥n emocional y afectiva entre hombres. En cuanto a la nueva masculinidad se evidencian cambios como: validaci√≥n personal, concepci√≥n del sexo como pr√°ctica sexual de satisfacci√≥n y autoconocimiento, nueva concepci√≥n de la mujer como sujeto no como objeto, nuevas relaciones afectivas entre hombres a trav√©s del contacto f√≠sico como vestigio de los juegos homoer√≥ticos y la b√ļsqueda de nuevas relaciones significativas entre hombres.This research aims with autoethnography, to describe the characteristics that prevail in the structuring of Hegemonic Masculinity (HM) in childhood-adolescence of young university students in Quito, through the narratives of their liminal experiences related to sexuality, to then identify how these experiences have been deconstructed in adulthood, giving way to the study of the transition of the MH towards a Counter-Hegemonic Masculinity (MCH), thus contributing to the study of new masculinities in the Ecuadorian context and to the promotion of gender equity. Some of the main characteristics of the CHM are: constant social validation, phallocentrism, androcentrism, objectification and sexualization of women, homosociality and homoeroticism, alcohol consumption, emotional and affective inhibition among men. As for the new masculinity, changes are evidenced such as: personal validation, conception of sex as a sexual practice of satisfaction and self-knowledge, new conception of women as subjects and not as objects, new affective relationships between men through physical contact as a vestige of homoerotic games and the search for meaningful relationships between men

    Violências curriculares

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    O presente estudo se insere nas discuss√Ķes sobre forma√ß√£o m√©dica, e de modo espec√≠fico, sobre curr√≠culo m√©dico e as dimens√Ķes de corpo, g√™nero e sexualidade. Da conex√£o entre esses temas, o presente trabalho objetivou analisar como o corpo, g√™nero e sexualidade s√£o acionados no Projeto Pol√≠tico Pedag√≥gico (PPC) do curso de medicina da Unidade Acad√™mica de Ci√™ncias da Vida ‚ÄĒ UACV/CFP/UFCG (Campus de Cajazeiras). Para dar conta dessa proposta de investiga√ß√£o, fundamentamos o referencial te√≥rico-metodol√≥gico nos estudos p√≥s-cr√≠ticos sobre curr√≠culo. Tomamos como objeto de an√°lise documental as DCN de 2001 para o curso de gradua√ß√£o em medicina e o PPC do curso em quest√£o. Argumentamos ser m√ļltiplas as forma√ß√Ķes discursivas ‚ÄĒ das normativas e diretrizes oficiais, cient√≠ficas, biol√≥gicas/biom√©dicas, sociais, pedag√≥gicos ‚ÄĒ que entram em disputa na composi√ß√£o curricular para a abordagem de saberes sobre g√™nero e sexualidade

    Introduction to the Special Section

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    Introduces the Special Section on Reimagining the Margins of Kinship, explaining its origins, the questions it addresses, and the four papers that make up the Section

    Lift EVERY Voice and Sing: An Intersectional Qualitative Study Examining the Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Queer Faculty and Administrators at Historically Black Colleges and Universities

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    While there is minimal literature that address the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans* identified students at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), the experiences of Black, queer faculty and administrators at HBCUs has not been studied. This intersectional qualitative research study focused on the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer identified faculty and administrators who work at HBCUs. By investigating the intersections of religion, race, gender, and sexuality within a predominantly Black institution, this study aims to enhance diversity, equity, and inclusion efforts at HBCUs by sharing the experiences of the LGBQ faculty and administrators that previously or currently work at an HBCU as a full-time employee. The research questions that guided this study were 1) How have LGBQ faculty and staff negotiated/navigated their careers at HBCUs? and 2) How do LGBQ faculty and staff at HBCUs influence cultural (relating to LGBQ inclusion) change at the organizational level? The main theoretical framework used was intersectionality and it shaped the chosen methodology and methods. The Politics of Respectability was the second theoretical framework used to describe the intra-racial tensions within the Black/African American community. The study included 60-120 minute interviews with 12 participants. Using intersectionality as a guide, the data were coded and utilized for thematic analysis. Then, an ethnodramatic performance engages readers. The goals of this study were to encourage policy changes, promote inclusivity for LGBQ employees at HBCUs, and provide an expansion to the body of literature in the field pertaining to the experiences of LGBQ faculty and administrators in higher education

    Coloniality and the Courtroom: Understanding Pre-trial Judicial Decision Making in Brazil

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    This thesis focuses on judicial decision making during custody hearings in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The impetus for the study is that while national and international protocols mandate the use of pre-trial detention only as a last resort, judges continue to detain people pre-trial in large numbers. Custody hearings were introduced in 2015, but the initiative has not produced the reduction in pre-trial detention that was hoped. This study aims to understand what informs judicial decision making at this stage. The research is approached through a decolonial lens to foreground legacies of colonialism, overlooked in mainstream criminological scholarship. This is an interview-based study, where key court actors (judges, prosecutors, and public defenders) and subject matter specialists were asked about influences on judicial decision making. Interview data is complemented by non-participatory observation of custody hearings. The research responds directly to Aliverti et al.'s (2021) call to ‚Äėdecolonize the criminal question‚Äô by exposing and explaining how colonialism informs criminal justice practices. Answering the call in relation to judicial decision making, findings provide evidence that colonial-era assumptions, dynamics, and hierarchies were evident in the practice of custody hearings and continue to inform judges‚Äô decisions, thus demonstrating the coloniality of justice. This study is significant for the new empirical data presented and theoretical innovation is also offered via the introduction of the ‚Äėanticitizen‚Äô. The concept builds on Souza‚Äôs (2007) ‚Äėsubcitizen‚Äô to account for the active pursuit of dangerous Others by judges casting themselves as crime fighters in a modern moral crusade. The findings point to the limited utility of human rights discourse ‚Äď the normative approach to influencing judicial decision making around pre-trial detention ‚Äď as a plurality of conceptualisations compete for dominance. This study has important implications for all actors aiming to reduce pre-trial detention in Brazil because unless underpinning colonial logics are addressed, every innovation risks becoming the next lei para ingl√™s ver (law [just] for the English to see)

    Queer spies in British Cold War culture: literature, film, theatre and television

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    This PhD thesis investigates how male homosexuality has been represented in British spy fiction from the 1950s to the 2010s in multiple media: literature, film, television and theatre. Due mainly to the betrayal of the Cambridge Spy ring around the middle of the century, British culture has associated spies with homosexuality, while the wider Anglophone world was in the grip of a homophobic atmosphere created by McCarthy's Red Scare. My thesis explores how this history is reflected in the spy genre from the Cold War to the present, in which male homosexuality and secret agency intersect as ‚Äúqueer‚ÄĚ, in so far as they were both considered to be discreet and criminal, existing outside of the heteronormative order. By following multiple texts across media and time, I discuss how some writers, television and film directors and actors update queer identity in spy fiction, creating a shifting image of queer spies through decades. I refer to the findings of adaptation studies and queer studies, along with numerous studies on spy fiction. I conclude that the interrelation of different media has contributed to the re-drawing of queer identity in spy fiction. These developments have enabled the spies' queer identity to transcend its pejorative history in British culture, towards its more flexible and pliant sense which is designated by the term's modern usage. I also discuss that spies‚Äô homosexuality has been represented as a fleeting ghost in most of the texts examined, hovering on the margins of pages and screen. Although homosexuality is not ‚Äúthe love that dare not speak its name‚ÄĚ anymore, clandestine queer spies have been preserved as spectral others in the genre for many years. Spy fiction is a cultural repository retaining the memory of violence inflicted against those who have been called ‚Äúqueer‚ÄĚ in twentieth century Britain, and the spectral nature of queer spies narrates this history reaching back to the Oscar Wilde trial in 1895, from which point British queer identity as we know now developed. This thesis benefits the study of spy fiction by filling a gap in the investigation of homosexual representation. It also contributes to the field of gender studies of literature, film, television, and theatre by illustrating queer history in a genre which has not received a great deal of focus on its representation of homosexuality. Spy fiction occupies a central position in British popular culture, and by exploring this genre in terms of homosexuality, this research will identify the role which same-sex desire has historically played in the British cultural imagination
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