217,510 research outputs found

    Robust MPC for actuator-fault tolerance using set-based passive fault detection and active fault isolation

    Get PDF
    In this paper, an actuator fault-tolerant control (FTC) scheme is proposed, which is based on tube-based model predictive control (MPC) and set-theoretic fault detection and isolation (FDI). As a robust MPC technique, tube-based MPC, can effectively deal with system constraints and uncertainties with relatively low computational complexity. Set-based FDI can robustly detect and isolate actuator faults. Here, fault detection (FD) is passive by invariant sets, while fault isolation (FI) is active by tubes. Using the constraint-handling ability of MPC controllers, an active FI approach is implemented. A numerical example illustrates the effectiveness of the proposed approach.Postprint (author’s final draft

    Distributed Adaptive Fault-Tolerant Control of Uncertain Multi-Agent Systems

    Get PDF
    This paper presents an adaptive fault-tolerant control (FTC) scheme for a class of nonlinear uncertain multi-agent systems. A local FTC scheme is designed for each agent using local measurements and suitable information exchanged between neighboring agents. Each local FTC scheme consists of a fault diagnosis module and a reconfigurable controller module comprised of a baseline controller and two adaptive fault-tolerant controllers activated after fault detection and after fault isolation, respectively. Under certain assumptions, the closed-loop system's stability and leader-follower consensus properties are rigorously established under different modes of the FTC system, including the time-period before possible fault detection, between fault detection and possible isolation, and after fault isolation

    Case study: Bio-inspired self-adaptive strategy for spike-based PID controller

    Get PDF
    A key requirement for modern large scale neuromorphic systems is the ability to detect and diagnose faults and to explore self-correction strategies. In particular, to perform this under area-constraints which meet scalability requirements of large neuromorphic systems. A bio-inspired online fault detection and self-correction mechanism for neuro-inspired PID controllers is presented in this paper. This strategy employs a fault detection unit for online testing of the PID controller; uses a fault detection manager to perform the detection procedure across multiple controllers, and a controller selection mechanism to select an available fault-free controller to provide a corrective step in restoring system functionality. The novelty of the proposed work is that the fault detection method, using synapse models with excitatory and inhibitory responses, is applied to a robotic spike-based PID controller. The results are presented for robotic motor controllers and show that the proposed bioinspired self-detection and self-correction strategy can detect faults and re-allocate resources to restore the controller’s functionality. In particular, the case study demonstrates the compactness (~1.4% area overhead) of the fault detection mechanism for large scale robotic controllers.Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad TEC2012-37868-C04-0

    The Soviet Viewpoint on Nuclear Weapons in International Law

    Get PDF
    A flexible, model based fault detection and isolation (FDI) system for an arbitrary configuration of a water tank world has been designed and implemented in MATLAB, SIMULINK and dSPACE. The fault detection is performed with local change detection algorithms, and the fault isolation is performed with residual patterns automatically generated from the total configuration

    Software-implemented fault insertion: An FTMP example

    Get PDF
    This report presents a model for fault insertion through software; describes its implementation on a fault-tolerant computer, FTMP; presents a summary of fault detection, identification, and reconfiguration data collected with software-implemented fault insertion; and compares the results to hardware fault insertion data. Experimental results show detection time to be a function of time of insertion and system workload. For the fault detection time, there is no correlation between software-inserted faults and hardware-inserted faults; this is because hardware-inserted faults must manifest as errors before detection, whereas software-inserted faults immediately exercise the error detection mechanisms. In summary, the software-implemented fault insertion is able to be used as an evaluation technique for the fault-handling capabilities of a system in fault detection, identification and recovery. Although the software-inserted faults do not map directly to hardware-inserted faults, experiments show software-implemented fault insertion is capable of emulating hardware fault insertion, with greater ease and automation

    Sensor fault detection with low computational cost : a proposed neural network-based control scheme

    Get PDF
    The paper describes a low computational power method for detecting sensor faults. A typical fault detection unit for multiple sensor fault detection with modelbased approaches, requires a bank of estimators. The estimators can be either observer or artificial intelligence based. The proposed control scheme uses an artificial intelligence approach for the development of the fault detection unit abbreviated as ‘i-FD’. In contrast with the bank-estimators approach the proposed i-FD unit is using only one estimator for multiple sensor fault detection. The efficacy of the scheme is tested on an Electro-Magnetic Suspension (EMS) system and compared with a bank of Kalman estimators in simulation environment

    Robust Fault Detection of Switched Linear Systems with State Delays

    Get PDF
    This correspondence deals with the problem of robust fault detection for discrete-time switched systems with state delays under an arbitrary switching signal. The fault detection filter is used as the residual generator, in which the filter parameters are dependent on the system mode. Attention is focused on designing the robust fault detection filter such that, for unknown inputs, control inputs, and model uncertainties, the estimation error between the residuals and faults is minimized. The problem of robust fault detection is converted into an H infin-filtering problem. By a switched Lyapunov functional approach, a sufficient condition for the solvability of this problem is established in terms of linear matrix inequalities. A numerical example is provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method
    corecore