791,477 research outputs found

    REVITALIZING FAMILY FARM AGRICULTURE

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    Agricultural and Food Policy,

    The Muscadine Experience: Adding Value to Enhance Profits

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    The University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture received a grant from the USDA’s Initiative for Future Agriculture and Food Systems (IFAFS) program. The purpose was to help small- and medium-sized farmers and entrepreneurs become more profitable and therefore add stability to the family farm. One approach to doing this is to investigate opportunities to enhance profits by adding value to traditional raw products

    DUALITY OF FARM STRUCTURE IN TRANSITION AGRICULTURE: THE CASE OF MOLDOVA

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    The duality of farm structure in Moldova is manifested by the existence of a relatively small number of large corporate farms at one extreme and a very large number of small and very small family farms at the other. “Medium-sized” family farms, the backbone of any market agriculture, virtually do not exist in Moldova. Moldovan agriculture is characterized by a much greater concentration of land in large farms than agriculture in market economies. The small individual farms on the whole are more productive and more efficient than the large corporate farms. They produce higher incomes for rural families than corporate farms. The main conclusion of the paper is that land should be allowed to flow from large corporate farms to small family farms through the medium of land markets until an equilibrium is established between the two farm sectors at a new level closer to that observed in market economies.farm structure, efficiency, productivity, land fragmentation, land concentration, farm size, Moldova, Farm Management, Productivity Analysis,

    Persistence of family farming, learning from its dynamics

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    Traditionally, the family farm has always been seen as a cornerstone of the agricultural production system. Given social, economic and political evidence (Calus, 2009), this organisational form might still continue to shape agricultural development. However, important changes in social and economic environment (e.g. industrialisation of agriculture, increased risk level and public vision on agriculture) become threats to the traditional model. A SWOT analysis of the family farms indicates the various intrinsic characteristics that make family farms resilient to changing conditions. Even in a changing economic and social landscape these aspects provide them with building blocks for creating new organisational forms or institutional arrangements. This paper shows these building blocks, and is only, prudentially, indicative for possible new institutional arrangements. Creativity may produce numerous outcomes from building blocks. Land tenure is only one example from past and present to show how institutions can deal with a potential threat, such as the large demand for land as production factor. Similar creativity is needed to the exploding capital demand in agriculture. One of the major challenges will be to provide family farms with low-costing capital. Food security and local community viability is the social price for this low cost supply.family farm, corporate farm, peasant, SWOT, Consumer/Household Economics,

    GIBRAT'S LAW REVISITED IN A TRANSITION ECONOMY. THE HUNGARIAN CASE

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    The paper investigates the validity of Gibrat's Law in Hungarian agriculture. Employing various specifications including OLS, two-step Heckman model and quantile regressions our results strongly reject Gibrats Law for full sample. Estimations suggest that small farms tend to grow faster than larger ones. However, splitting the sample into two subgroups (corporate and family farms) we found different results. For family farms however, only OLS regression results reject Gibrat's Law, whilst the two-step Heckman models and quantile regression estimates support it. Finally, for corporate farms our results support the Law regardless of the method or size measure used. Our results indicate that there is no difference between family farms and corporate farms according to the growth trajectory.Gibrat's Law, selection bias, quantile regression, transition agriculture, Farm Management, Research Methods/ Statistical Methods,

    DESIGN APPLIED TO FAMILY AGRICULTURE AND AQUACULTURE BASED ON SOCIAL INNOVATION

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    The design has gradually been considered by people as an important element for organizations, reinforcing their identities and consequently their image perceived by the society. The design assumes the compromise of intermediate the communication process producer-consumer, aggregating and highlighting the value of the products, in order to create a concept that reflects and increments their main characteristics. In this context, we listed and discussed the basic dimensions of the proposed model, identifying their influences and connections in the sector of agriculture and of aquaculture. In the case of the model of 7I’s, it is possible to identify in the same context the need of opting for actions aimed to the integration of the areas as a way to ensure more comprehensive solutions, thus bringing in it innovations at different levels (basic incremental and radical, as well as the social innovations). Additionally there is an intervention process with proactive characteristics (preferentially) which may similarly potentialize the interaction of all involved at all levels, in an intelligent and articulated form. Besides, it generates a feedback process in an integral form. All this leads to the shaping of a systemic approach of the situation. Social innovation and integration can be achieved through the implementation of actions of design. In this article we present cases occurring in sectors of agriculture and family aquaculture, in which, through of a suggestion of applied design management, it was possible to check positive results. The partnerships established between the government, university and other copartners, as well as with the producers themselves, have been resulting in concrete and evident actions of improvement on weaknesses detected in the sectors being studied. With systematic and planned procedures of management and design, it was possible to transform some actualities, by having them measured, quantitatively at points of sale, and qualitatively based on perception of consumers/users

    Employment rates higher among rural mothers than urban mothers

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    As men\u27s jobs in traditional rural industries, such as agriculture, natural resource extraction, and manufacturing disappear due to restructuring of rural labor markets, the survival of the family increasingly depends on women\u27s waged labor. Rural mothers with children under age 6 have higher employment rates than their urban counterparts but have higher poverty rates, lower wages, and lower family income, placing rural mothers and their children in a more economically vulnerable situation than urban mothers

    Gender, Power and Property: “In my own right”

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    working paperWomen on farms in Ireland are a subject of feminist analysis for five decades. Salient themes are the constraints of patriarchal agriculture (O'Hara 1997; Shortall, 2004), the invisibility of women's farm work (Viney 1968; O’Hara 1998), gender inequalities in ownership of farm assets (Watson et al. 2009) and increasing professionalisation of farmwomen outside of agriculture (Kelly and Shortall 2002; Hanrahan 2007). Most women enter farming through marriage and family ties. Land ownership is identified by Shortall (2004) as the critical factor underpinning male domination of the occupational category ‘farmer’ and considerable power differentials between men and women in family farming. This is an area that requires further investigation. Our analysis, framed by theoretical models of feminisation and empowerment, explores cases where male farm property ownership in Ireland is disrupted in conventional and non-conventional agricultural settings. Do these cases provide evidence of new opportunities for women to become farm property owners, and in what contexts? What consequences do these opportunities have for farmwomen’s empowerment and agency? How does women’s farm property ownership disturb rural gender relations in the context of the family farm?Teagasc Walsh Fellowship Programm
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