54,690 research outputs found

    Advanced fuel cell catalysts Status report, 10 Aug. - 10 Nov. 1968

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    Gold-copper fuel cell catalysts preparatio

    Evaluation parameters for the alkaline fuel cell oxygen electrode

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    Studies were made of Pt- and Au-catalyzed porous electrodes, designed for the cathode of the alkaline H2/O2 fuel cell, employing cyclic voltammetry and the floating half-cell method. The purpose was to obtain parameters from the cyclic voltammograms which could predict performance in the fuel cell. It was found that a satisfactory relationship between these two types of measurement could not be established; however, useful observations were made of relative performance of several types of carbon used as supports for noble metal catalysts and of some Au catalysts. The best half-cell performance with H2/O2 in a 35 percent KOH electrolyte at 80 C was given by unsupported fine particle Au on Teflon; this electrode is used in the Orbiter fuel cell

    A Two-Dimensional Model of a Single-Chamber SOFC with Hydrocarbon Fuels

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    The single chamber fuel cell (SCFC) is a novel simplification of the conventional solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) into which a premixed fuel/air mixture is introduced. It relies on the selectivity of the anode and cathode catalysts to generate a chemical potential gradient across the cell. For SCFC running on hydrocarbon fuels, the anode catalyst promotes in-situ internal reforming of the hydrocarbon and electrochemical oxidation of the syngas, while the cathode catalyst reduces oxygen simultaneously. Laboratory tests of small designs of such fuel cells have demonstrated excellent electrical performance (1, 2)

    Interstitial compounds as fuel cell catalysts - Their preparative techniques and electrochemical testing

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    Preparation and electrochemical testing methods for fuel cell catalysts using interstitial compound

    Advanced fuel cell catalysts Status report, 10 Nov. 1967 - 10 Feb. 1968

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    Metal surface properties and bulk characteristics of catalysts for fuel cell applicatio

    Advanced fuel cell catalysts Status report, 10 Aug. - 10 Nov. 1969

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    Advanced fuel cell catalysts prepared, including gold copper alloys and silver powder

    Thermodynamic Effects of Nanotechnological Augmentation of Hydrogen Fuel Cells

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    This meta-study focuses on the research regarding the use of nanotechnology in traditional fuel cells in order to increase thermodynamic efficiency through the exploitation of various thermodynamic systems and theories. The use of nanofilters and nano-structured catalysts improve the fuel cell system through the means of filtering molecules from protons and electrons significantly increases the possible output of the fuel cell and the use of nano-platinum catalysts to lower the activation energy of the fuel cell chemical reaction a notable amount resulting in a more efficient system and smaller entropy in comparison to the use of macro sized catalysts

    Space power systems technology

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    Reported here is a series of studies which examine several potential catalysts and electrodes for some fuel cell systems, some materials for space applications, and mathematical modeling and performance predictions for some solid oxide fuel cells and electrolyzers. The fuel cell systems have a potential for terrestrial applications in addition to solar energy conversion in space applications. Catalysts and electrodes for phosphoric acid fuel cell systems and for polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell and electrolyzer systems were examined

    Production of Hydrogen and their Use in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

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    This work will show an overview of the hydrogen production from ethanol by steam reforming method, using distinct catalysts, resulting in low carbon monoxide content in H2 produced; a thermodynamic analysis of reforming employing entropy maximization, the ideal condition for ethanol, and other steam reforming reactions, the state of the art of steam reforming catalysts for H2 production with low CO content. Moreover, in the second part, there will be an overview of the use of hydrogen in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), the fuel cell operational conditions, a thermodynamic analysis of PEMFC, the catalysts used in the electrodes of the fuel cell, consequences of the CO presence in the hydrogen fuel feed in PEMFC, and the operation conditions for maximum output power density
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