18,233 research outputs found

    Orthodox Christianity, Church-State relations and pro-Russia stance in contemporary Greece and Romania

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    Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo analisar o posicionamento pr√≥-R√ļssia na Gr√©cia e naRom√™nia no aspecto religioso. A hip√≥tese √© de que o ambiente secular da Uni√£o Europ√©iafavorece um distanciamento desses pa√≠ses em rela√ß√£o √† organiza√ß√£o. Essa percep√ß√£odiferente do papel da religi√£o na vida p√ļblica contribui para uma percep√ß√£o favor√°vel daR√ļssia como protetora dos crist√£os ortodoxos no mundo. O referencial te√≥rico foi compostoprincipalmente pelo construtivismo cr√≠tico e o debate referente ao papel da religi√£o nasRela√ß√Ķes Internacionais. Os m√©todos utilizados foram o process-tracing interpretativo deGuzzini e a an√°lise de conte√ļdo. ¬† Keywords: Religion. Secularism. International Relations. Orthodox Christianity. Russia.Esta investigaci√≥n tuvo como objetivo analizar la postura prorrusa en Grecia y Rumania enel aspecto religioso. La hip√≥tesis es que el ambiente secular de la Uni√≥n Europea favoreceun distanciamiento de estos pa√≠ses de esta √ļltima.. Esta percepci√≥n diferente del papelde la religi√≥n en la vida p√ļblica contribuye a una percepci√≥n favorable de Rusia comoprotectora de los cristianos ortodoxos en el mundo. El marco te√≥rico estuvote√≥rico estuvocompuesto principalmente por el constructivismo cr√≠tico y el debate sobre la religi√≥n en lasRelaciones Internacionales. Los m√©todos utilizados fueron el interpretive process tracingde Guzzini y el an√°lisis de contenido. ¬† Palabras clave: Religi√≥n. Secularismo. Relaciones Internacionales. Cristianismo Ortodoxo. Rusia.This research aimed to analyze the pro-Russia stance in Greece and Romania in the religious aspect. The hypothesis is that the secular environment of the favours a distancing of these countries from the European Union. This different perception of the role of religion in public life may contribute to a favourable perception of Russia as the protector of Orthodox Christians in the world. The theoretical framework was composed mainly of critical constructivism and the debate regarding religion in the field of International Relations. The applied methods were Guzzini‚Äôs interpretive process tracing and content analysis

    Learn, Teach, Heal: Articulations of Indigeneity and Spirituality in Indigenous Tourism in British Columbia, Canada

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    ‚ÄėLearn, Teach, Heal‚Äô encapsulates what seems to be occurring in Indigenous Tourism on Vancouver Island and the Haida Gwaii in British Columbia, Canada. Operating as a ‚ÄėTourist-researcher‚Äô in 2017 and 2018, I was there at a time when Indigenous Tourism was booming, partly facilitated by the political movement of Truth & Reconciliation. Tourism is often seen as a shallow, commercial and artificial activity, yet such a view risks speaking over the various reasons why hosts choose to engage in the industry. This dissertation offers a case study based on tours, performances and interviews with six people. The research foregrounds the voices and experiences of: Andy Everson, Tana Thomas, Roy Henry Vickers, Tsimka Martin, K‚Äôodi Nelson and Alix Goetzinger. In listening to how they present their work, I study how indigeneity and spirituality were being articulated in ways that relate to processes of decolonisation. Whilst they were all engaged in tourism for their own different reasons, a common theme that emerged was the goal to use tourism to learn, teach and heal, both for themselves and for their guests. Learning how to be guides and performers, their languages, traditional practices, histories and politics, they were able to explore with tourists aspects of their indigeneity and spirituality, illustrate diversity of peoples and practices, and teach about their values and hopes for the future. Healing is gained through having a space to learn and to teach, and to restore pride to the communities by taking control of the narratives. It is my contention that Indigenous Tourism is offering these six people sites of ‚Äėbecoming‚Äô and ‚Äėreclaiming‚Äô in a way that puts decolonisation into practice

    Constructing a Theological Framework That Revitalizes the Missional Nature of Churches of Christ in South Australia

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    This thesis addresses the need for a theological framework that revitalizes the missional nature of Churches of Christ in South Australia. The problem identified within this ministry context was a lack of clear theological principles that informed a common understanding of identity for missional engagement. The purpose of the project was to create a study guide that informs common theological commitments and grounds congregations for missional vitality. A research and development team made up of seven Church of Christ ministers from different backgrounds was assembled to design a curriculum that addressed the problem. Through eight two-hour sessions over four months in the first half of 2022, the team discussed a theological framework that could revitalize mission. This was informed by a Trinitarian theological rationale introduced as perichoresis. The conceptual framework for discussions included (1) the historical and theological foundations of Churches of Christ, (2) a Trinitarian doctrine of God presented as perichoresis, (3) contemporary congregational practices, and (4) a theological proposal for re-imagining mission. The team developed a study guide that promotes a dynamic theological framework for practicing theology and revitalizing the missional nature of the church. The artifact, Movement & Identity: Participating in the Life of God’s Mission, was evaluated by the team and members of Church of Christ congregations in South Australia. The curriculum is designed to assist participants with practical theological interpretation through (1) discovering new ideas about God in the context of Churches of Christ traditions, (2) engaging with contextual theology in community, (3) participating in God’s mission, and (4) reflecting on how God’s agency transforms the church. The development of the study guide will stimulate a practical theological framework that promotes dynamic theological dialogue and missional vitality for Churches of Christ in South Australia

    The Path of Synodality: Walking and Talking Together as the Mystical Body of Christ

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    The Church is by nature synodal and ‚Äúthe entire People of God is  challenged by its fundamentally synodal calling.‚ÄĚ Synodality is stablished to energize  the life and evangelising mission of the Church  in union with Christ. The fact that in practice she might be lacking in synodality sometimes or in some  places, does not invalidate this attribute. According to Pope Francis, ‚Äúit is precisely this path of  synodality which God expects of the Church of the third  millennium.‚ÄĚ Thus, ‚Äúwhile synodal procedure and events have a beginning, a process and a conclusion, synodality offers a specific description of the  historical development of the Church as such, breathes life into her  structures and directs her mission.‚ÄĚ Hence, the purpose of this essay is to throw  more light on this sublime feature of the Church (the path of synodality) and to bring out into fuller light the important functions of the members (the  Hierarchy and the Laity) who are walking and talking together with Christ, their Head, and with one another as ‚Äúthe Mystical Body of Christ.&nbsp

    Theodore of Mopsuestia First homily on baptism (the 12th Catechetical Homily). Translation, introductory article and comments by S. S. Puchkova

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    This publication of the first homily of Theodore of Mopsuestia on baptism (the 12th Catechetical Homily) is a part of the translation project that aims to translate the series of Theodore‚Äôs Catechetical Homilies into Russian. Since the text of the Homilies is not preserved in original Greek, the Russian translation is based on the Syriac version, surviving in the only manuscript Mingana Syr. 561. The translation tends to be literal, while avoiding of the redundancy of the Syriac text. The translation is accompanied by an introduction and theological commentary in the footnotes. In the introduction, the characteristic features of Theodore‚Äôs typological sacramentology, connected to his idea of the Two Ages, are highlighted. Additionally, the historical and theological analysis of the pre-baptismal rites of enrolment and exorcisms, described in the first homily on baptism, is presented. According to Theodore, a sacrament is a type or symbol (‹õ‹ė‹¶‹£‹ź ŠĻ≠upsńĀ, ‹ź‹¨‹ź‚Äė ńĀŠĻĮńĀ) of future realities of the Second Age, and through this type, Christians have an access to heavenly benefits already here and now. Theodore interprets every rite in relation to the Second Age. He teaches that enrolment into the Church books for baptism is an enrolment in heaven through which an enrolled candidate receives citizenship in heaven. On the other hand, the image of lawsuit with devil that Theodore applies to exorcisms has not only typological (as liberation from the power of Satan) but also pedagogical significance. In other words, Theodore strives for explaining clearly the role of exorcisms and for exhorting his audience not to postpone the enrolment for baptism

    Do Catholics have an external locus of evaluation? Inauthentic experiences of Catholic guilt in the pursuit of self-forgiveness

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    This two-part mixed methods study investigated emotional response to transgression and selffor-giveness in Catholic individuals in concert with locus of evaluation orientation following a hypothe-sis that Catholics may be particularly unable to find self-forgiveness in the teachings of their reli-gion. Study 1 was a qualitative semi-structured interview with a sample of 20 practicing Catholic participants. Questions focused on the emotive experiences of selfforgiveness and transgressions and the contribution that Catholic practices (prayer and reconciliation) make to the process. Data were analysed using thematic analysis which supported evidence of Catholic guilt but suggested that there may be some inauthenticity and insincerity with which penitents' approach reconciliato-ry practices. Study 2 used a sample of 239 Christian participants in groups of Catholics and Christian non-Catholics. Participants responded to two psychometric questionnaires: the Heartland Forgiveness Scale, and the Locus of Evaluation Inventory. Followed by two additional questions pertaining to self-forgiveness experiences, and one question requiring participants to prioritise types of forgiveness. The results found no difference between Catholics and non-Catholics in their response to self-forgiveness or locus of evaluation orientation. However, in non-Catholic Christians but not in Catholics, the frequency of religious practice correlated with higher total forgiveness and its subscales (including self-forgiveness), with more internal locus of evaluation, and with lower self-regard, suggesting that church attendance does not relate to the propensity for self-forgiveness in Catholic individuals

    A Phenomenological Study of How Active Engagement in Black Greek Letter Sororities Influences Christian Members\u27 Spiritual Growth

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    This phenomenological study explored how being part of a Black Greek Letter. Organization (BGLO) sorority impacts the spiritual growth of its Christian members. One of the issues explored was the influence relationships within these sororities have on members striving to be like Christ. There is a dichotomy of perspectives regarding Black Greek Letter Organizations (BGLOs). They have a significant role in the Black community as organizations that foster leadership, philanthropy, and sisterhood and promote education. They are admired on and off college campuses and in the broader community in graduate chapters. The objective of phenomenology is to describe phenomena of spiritual growth among Christian sorority members from the life experiences of those who live them; that premise guided the interviews conducted for this study. The results found that active engagement in a BGLO sorority positively impacts its members\u27 spiritual growth. From the emotional stories of sisterhood, service, and devotion to prayer, their experiences evidenced strengthened walks of faith. This study contrasts the Anti-BGLO narrative as a testament to these organizations\u27 legacy and practices deeply grounded in the church

    The Disputation: The Enduring Representations in William Holman Hunt's ‚ÄúThe Finding of the Saviour in the Temple,‚ÄĚ 1860

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    This interdisciplinary thesis problematizes the Jewish presence in the painting The Finding of the Saviour in the Temple (1860) by William Holman Hunt. This ‚ÄúJewish presence‚ÄĚ refers to characters within the painting, Jews who posed for the picture and the painting‚Äôs portrayal of Judaism. The thesis takes a phenomenological and hermeneutical approach to The Finding providing careful description and interpretation of what appears in the painting. It situates the painting within a newly configured genre of disputation paintings depicting the Temple scene from the Gospel of Luke (2:47 ‚Äď 52). It asks two questions. Why does The Finding look the way it does? And how did Holman Hunt know how to create the picture? Under the rubric of the first question, it explores and challenges customary accounts of the painting, explicitly challenging the over reliance upon F.G. Stephens‚Äôs pamphlet. Additionally, it examines Pre-Raphaelite and Victorian religious contexts and bringing hitherto unacknowledged artistic contexts to the fore. The second question examines less apparent influences through an analysis of the originary Lukan narrative in conjunction with the under-examined genre of Temple ‚Äúdisputation‚ÄĚ paintings, and a legacy of scholarly and religious disputation. This demonstrates a discourse of disputation informing The Finding over and above the biblical narrative. In showing that this discourse strongly correlates with the painting‚Äôs objectifying and spectacular properties, this thesis provides a new way to understand The Finding‚Äôs orientalism which is further revealed in its typological critical reworking of two Christian medieval and renaissance paintings. As a demonstration of the discourse, the thesis includes an examination of Jewish artists who addressed the theme of disputation overtly or obliquely thereby engaging with and challenging the assumptions upon which the disputation rests

    The humiliation of Christ in the preaching of John Flavel (1627-1691)

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    ‚ÄúThe Humiliation of Christ in the Preaching of John Flavel‚ÄĚ is a study of the Christ-centred, local congregational preaching of the Puritan John Flavel (1627-1691), with a specific focus on the theme of the humiliation of Jesus Christ. The doctrine of Christ‚Äôs humiliation lies at the heart of the Christian gospel, and its exposition ought therefore to be central to the ministry of the church in every generation. If salvation is accomplished through the incarnation, life and death of the Son of God, it follows that the proclamation of these truths is a priority, irrespective of our historical context. John Flavel‚Äôs ministry in Dartmouth on the south coast of England is an example of such preaching in the 17th -century Puritan tradition. Through a combination of doctrinal incisiveness, creative exploration, evangelistic appeal and rich pastoral application, his 42 sermon Fountain of Life (1673) series provides a benchmark in the preaching of Christ‚Äôs sufferings. This thesis briefly explores the theme of Christ‚Äôs humiliation from an historical-theological perspective before focusing on Flavel‚Äôs own exposition of the doctrine. In particular, it surveys: the theological framework in which he understood humiliation; what he believed it includes; his particular emphases, and finally, his hermeneutical method and homiletical style. Some lessons for the church today are then drawn from the preceding analysis

    Nurturing Disciples Of Christ By Singing Wesleyan Hymns In View Of The Cultural Context Of Chinese Methodist Churches In Singapore

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    Hymn singing was an important practice in the early Methodist movement, a heritage still recognized among Methodists today. In addition to their sermons, John and Charles Wesley used hymns as the primary vehicle to convey the theology and doctrine of Methodism. Unfortunately, the culture of hymn singing is slowly disappearing in many local Methodist churches in Singapore. Due to the rising dominance of contemporary Christian music (CCM) and unique linguistic context in Singapore, congregations who retain hymn singing are struggling as they face the possibility of losing this tradition among younger generations. The restrictions imposed on worship gatherings by the current COVID-19 pandemic have exacerbated this problem. This thesis examines the Wesleyan hymn heritage, discusses the reasons for the decline in hymn singing in Methodist congregations in Singapore, and proposes a methodology for helping the Chinese Methodist churches in Singapore to regain the heritage and distinctiveness of Methodism. The goal of my research is to recover discipleship formation through hymn singing. While not advocating a form of denominational triumphalism, Methodists do not need to abandon their distinctive identity, unique experience, and vibrant expressions of the Christian faith in hymn singing to have efficacious worship in the twenty-first century
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