1,910 research outputs found

    Correlation between permanent tooth eruption pattern and the predominance of the motor function laterality

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    Objectives: To asses whether dental eruption order can play a role in the early diagnosis of crossed laterality. Study Design: Dental eruption pattern along with eye, ear, hand and foot lateralism were examined on 131 chil - dren between 6 to 8 years old from public schools from a multietnic population area of Barcelona city. Statistic methods (Statgraphics Plus 5.1 program) were used to evaluate data recollected. Results: Only foot and dentition lateralities behave as independent variables regarding hand laterality. So dental eruption laterality (along with the foot one) would be one of the parameters more related to hand laterality given that dentition variable relationship is greater that the foot one. This suggests that tooth eruption could be more clinically relevant. Crossed laterality hand-foot is significantly more predominant in men (13%) than in women (1,6%). Meanwhile, the relationship between hand and dentition didn't show any influence of sex. Conclusions: Dental eruption order, can be used as a good parameter in the determination of the patient's laterality

    Dental eruption in ruminants and other mammals

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    Association between sella turcica bridging and altered direction of dental eruption : a case-control study

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    Calcification between the anterior and posterior clinoid processes, also the so-called sella turcica bridging, has been associated in some studies with skeletal anomalies as well as with dental and eruption disturbances. It was hypothesized that sella turcica bridging was associated with an altered direction of dental eruption. The aim of the study was to assess whether there was a relationship between the degree of calcification and the presence or absence of an alteration in the tooth eruption direction. A case-control multicenter study was conducted. The study population consisted of 150 subjects (age 10-50 years), 30 of which presented some type of alteration of the direction canine eruption (impactation or transposition) (cases) and 120 selected at random who did not present altered direction of dental eruption (controls). Cases and controls were matched by age, sex, and approximate date of starting orthodontic treatment. Lateral cephalometric radiographies were obtained and the extent of the sella turcica bridging was measured using a Vernier caliper and scored as no calcification, partially calcified, and completely calcified. The frequency of a partially or completely calcified sella turcica bridge was significantly higher among cases with altered direction of dental eruption as compared with controls. There was a trend towards a shorter length of sella turcica in subjects with two or more canine eruption alterations. Sella turcica bridging was unrelated to sex, but it was significantly influenced by age. Sella turcica bridging is frequently detected in subjects with altered direction of dental eruption of canines

    Cold stress in captive great apes recorded in incremental lines of dental cementum

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    Incremental lines in dental cementum of museum specimens of 11 free-ranging great apes were compared to the respective structures in 5 captive specimens of known age-at-death, and with many known life-history parameters. While the dental cementum of the free-ranging apes was regularly structured into alternating dark and light bands, 4 out of 5 captive animals showed marked irregularities in terms of hypomineralized bands which could all be dated to the year 1963. Cementum preservation was insufficient in the fifth specimen and did not permit such a differentiation. All 4 captive apes had been kept in a zoo located in the northern hemisphere, where 1963 was characterized by an extremely cold winter. Since cold stress is a calcium-consuming process, the lack of available calcium in newly forming cementum could be responsible for the observed hypomineralization. The appositional growth characteristics of dental cementum serve as a record for such life-history events. Copyright (C) 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

    Early permanent dental eruption in obese/overweigh schoolchildren

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    The WHO defines obesity as abnormal excessive fat accumulation. Indeed, it is the most relevant nutritional disorder in the developed countries. Nutrition turns out to be relevant for childhood development involving different systems and organs as and in

    Identification of the Salivary Proteome in Children Throughout the Course of Dental Eruption

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    The salivary proteome is recognized as a valuable source of potential oral and systemic disease biomarkers. Major efforts in salivary research have been dedicated to identify and characterize salivary proteins present in saliva using both classical biochemical methods and proteomics approaches in adults. Despite considerable research on the salivary proteome, little attention has been given to the changes in the salivary proteome occurring in children, specifically from 0-3 years of age. Through the use of anionic PAGE, SDS PAGE, HPLC and MS/MS, salivary protein profiles in children before, during and after dental eruption were compared with edentulous adult controls. We identified substantive qualitative and quantitative differences in the salivary proteome between children and adults, suggesting a greater emphasis is warranted in the study of the changes in the salivary proteome as a function of age and dental status

    MORPHO‐FUNCTIONAL RE‐ESTABLISHMENT OF CRANIO‐FACIAL GROWTH DISORDERS IN PITUITARY DWARFISM BY RHGH THERAPY

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    The present study evaluates the cranio‐facial growth disorders in a series of patients suffering from pituitary dwarfism, as a result of the therapy with recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH). Included in the study were 15 children diagnosed with pituitary dwarfism in the Endocrinology Clinics of the ”Sf. Spiridon” Hospital of Iasi, subjected to a treatment with rhGH for 2 years. After the application of the therapy, the parameters of general physical development were followed and the dental ortho‐ pantomography and profile cephalometry were analyzed. The results obtained confirm a general physical growth of about 1.3 cm/month in the first year of treatment, followed by values around 1.1 cm/month in the second year. Cranio‐facial development was improved by the increase of both mandibular vertical branch and facial height. At the level of the dental arches, one could observe improved sagital and transversal relations at molar level, as well as a regulating tendency of dental eruption. The therapy with rhGH is thus influent at cranio‐facial level, favourizing the development of maxillaries, regulation of dental eruption and the aesthetic aspects

    Clinical and x-ray oral evaluation in patients with congenital Zika Virus

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    Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate possible malformations in the soft, bone and/or dental tissues in patients with congenital Zika Virus (ZIKV) by clinical and x-ray evaluation. Methodology: Thirty children born with ZIKV and 30 children born without ZIKV (control group) were included in the study. Patients were evaluated over 24 consecutive months according to the variables: sex, age, cleft palates, soft tissue lesions, alveolar ridge hyperplasia, short labial and lingual frenums, inadequate posture of the lingual and perioral muscles at rest, micrognathia, narrow palatine vaults, changes in the teeth shape and/or number, sequence eruption, spasms, seizures and eruption delay were evaluated. Chi-square test, Student’s t-test and nominal logistic regression were used (p<0.05). Results: Among the 30 babies examined, the mean age of the first dental eruption was 10.8±3.8 with almost two-thirds of the children (n=18, 60%) experiencing eruptions of their first tooth after 9 months of age, nine children (30%) had inadequate lingual posture at rest, more than half of the children (n=18, 60%) had short labial or lingual frenums. ZIKV babies showed a high prevalence of clef palate (p<0.001), inadequate lingual posture at rest (p=0.004), micrognathia (p=0.002), changes in the shape and/or number of teeth (p=0.006), alteration in sequence of dental eruption (p<0.001) and muscles spasms (p=0.002). The delay eruption was associated with inadequate lingual posture at rest (p=0.047), micrognathia (p=0.002) and changes in the shape and/or number of teeth (p=0.021). The delayed eruption (p=0.006) and narrow palatine vaults (p=0.008) were independently associated with ZIKV. Moreover, female patients showed the most narrow palatine vaults (p=0.010). Conclusions: The children with ZIKV showed a greater tendency to have delayed eruption of the first deciduous tooth, inadequate lingual posture and short labial and lingual frenums

    Schultz's rule in domesticated mammals

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    Schultz’s rule predicts early eruption of replacement teeth (incisors, canines, and premolars) relative to molars as growth slows and life history events take place over a greater span of time. Here, we investigate if the opposite trend might occur during the domestication process as a consequence of an accelerated life-history and driven by increased energetic needs. We provide new data on tooth eruption in four mammalian species and their domesticated forms: wolf and dog, polecat and ferret, bezoar and goat, wild boar and pig. Our results show some variation in eruption sequences between wild and domestic forms, but none that is consistent and reliably distinct from intraspecific variation. There may be variation in the absolute timing of dental eruption, but despite well documented changes across life history variables, which distinguish wild from domestic forms, eruption sequences remained constant in each wild and domestic version of the species we examined. A conserved eruption sequence is in accordance with many earlier studies, which found no evidence for Schultz’s rule in some wild clades of mammals. Phylogenetic conservation and functional factors likely play an important role in constraining patterns of growth and tooth eruption in these mammals. Furthermore, we suggest that the domestication processes started too recently for fundamental changes of tooth eruption sequences to occur.Swiss National Science Foundatio
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