18,991 research outputs found

    Constructing a Theological Framework That Revitalizes the Missional Nature of Churches of Christ in South Australia

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    This thesis addresses the need for a theological framework that revitalizes the missional nature of Churches of Christ in South Australia. The problem identified within this ministry context was a lack of clear theological principles that informed a common understanding of identity for missional engagement. The purpose of the project was to create a study guide that informs common theological commitments and grounds congregations for missional vitality. A research and development team made up of seven Church of Christ ministers from different backgrounds was assembled to design a curriculum that addressed the problem. Through eight two-hour sessions over four months in the first half of 2022, the team discussed a theological framework that could revitalize mission. This was informed by a Trinitarian theological rationale introduced as perichoresis. The conceptual framework for discussions included (1) the historical and theological foundations of Churches of Christ, (2) a Trinitarian doctrine of God presented as perichoresis, (3) contemporary congregational practices, and (4) a theological proposal for re-imagining mission. The team developed a study guide that promotes a dynamic theological framework for practicing theology and revitalizing the missional nature of the church. The artifact, Movement & Identity: Participating in the Life of GodÔÇÖs Mission, was evaluated by the team and members of Church of Christ congregations in South Australia. The curriculum is designed to assist participants with practical theological interpretation through (1) discovering new ideas about God in the context of Churches of Christ traditions, (2) engaging with contextual theology in community, (3) participating in GodÔÇÖs mission, and (4) reflecting on how GodÔÇÖs agency transforms the church. The development of the study guide will stimulate a practical theological framework that promotes dynamic theological dialogue and missional vitality for Churches of Christ in South Australia

    Children Legal Protection in National Laws & International Agreements

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    The subject of children legal protection in national laws and international agreements has attracted the attention of all countries and a lot of international and regional organizations since the child recruitment phenomenon is one of the serious problems facing countries and the international community as a whole, especially with the widespread spread of terrorist organizations in all world countries, especially in our Arab region. There are major motives behind the spread of child recruitment phenomenon, the most important of which are the economic motives and insecurity in countries. The seriousness of this phenomenon lies in the numerous effects it has on the recruited child and on countries. The thesis discussed the stages of childhood and its protection under the Islamic Shariaa (law) and national laws. The first chapter dealt with the protection of children within the framework of the principles of international humanitarian law and international conventions and the applications of child recruitment in the Arab countries

    Examples of works to practice staccato technique in clarinet instrument

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    Klarnetin staccato tekni─čini g├╝├žlendirme a┼čamalar─▒ eser ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒yla uygulanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Staccato ge├ži┼člerini h─▒zland─▒racak ritim ve n├╝ans ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒na yer verilmi┼čtir. ├çal─▒┼čman─▒n en ├Ânemli amac─▒ sadece staccato ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒ de─čil parmak-dilin e┼č zamanl─▒ uyumunun hassasiyeti ├╝zerinde de durulmas─▒d─▒r. Staccato ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒n─▒ daha verimli hale getirmek i├žin eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n i├žinde et├╝t ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒na da yer verilmi┼čtir. ├çal─▒┼čmalar─▒n ├╝zerinde titizlikle durulmas─▒ staccato ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n ilham verici etkisi ile m├╝zikal kimli─če yeni bir boyut kazand─▒rm─▒┼čt─▒r. Sekiz ├Âzg├╝n eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n her a┼čamas─▒ anlat─▒lm─▒┼čt─▒r. Her a┼čaman─▒n bir sonraki performans ve tekni─či g├╝├žlendirmesi esas al─▒nm─▒┼čt─▒r. Bu ├žal─▒┼čmada staccato tekni─činin hangi alanlarda kullan─▒ld─▒─č─▒, nas─▒l sonu├žlar elde edildi─či bilgisine yer verilmi┼čtir. Notalar─▒n parmak ve dil uyumu ile nas─▒l ┼čekillenece─či ve nas─▒l bir ├žal─▒┼čma disiplini i├žinde ger├žekle┼čece─či planlanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Kam─▒┼č-nota-diyafram-parmak-dil-n├╝ans ve disiplin kavramlar─▒n─▒n staccato tekni─činde ayr─▒lmaz bir b├╝t├╝n oldu─ču saptanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Ara┼čt─▒rmada literat├╝r taramas─▒ yap─▒larak staccato ile ilgili ├žal─▒┼čmalar taranm─▒┼čt─▒r. Tarama sonucunda klarnet tekni─čin de kullan─▒lan staccato eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n az oldu─ču tespit edilmi┼čtir. Metot taramas─▒nda da et├╝t ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n daha ├žok oldu─ču saptanm─▒┼čt─▒r. B├Âylelikle klarnetin staccato tekni─čini h─▒zland─▒rma ve g├╝├žlendirme ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒ sunulmu┼čtur. Staccato et├╝t ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒ yap─▒l─▒rken, araya eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n girmesi beyni rahatlatt─▒─č─▒ ve isteklili─či daha artt─▒rd─▒─č─▒ g├Âzlemlenmi┼čtir. Staccato ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒ yaparken do─čru bir kam─▒┼č se├žimi ├╝zerinde de durulmu┼čtur. Staccato tekni─čini do─čru ├žal─▒┼čmak i├žin do─čru bir kam─▒┼č─▒n dil h─▒z─▒n─▒ artt─▒rd─▒─č─▒ saptanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Do─čru bir kam─▒┼č se├žimi kam─▒┼čtan rahat ses ├ž─▒kmas─▒na ba─čl─▒d─▒r. Kam─▒┼č, dil atma g├╝c├╝n├╝ vermiyorsa daha do─čru bir kam─▒┼č se├žiminin yap─▒lmas─▒ gereklili─či vurgulanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Staccato ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒nda ba┼čtan sona bir eseri yorumlamak zor olabilir. Bu a├ž─▒dan ├žal─▒┼čma, verilen m├╝zikal n├╝anslara uyman─▒n, dil at─▒┼č performans─▒n─▒ rahatlatt─▒─č─▒n─▒ ortaya koymu┼čtur. Gelecek nesillere edinilen bilgi ve birikimlerin aktar─▒lmas─▒ ve geli┼čtirici olmas─▒ te┼čvik edilmi┼čtir. ├ç─▒kacak eserlerin nas─▒l ├ž├Âz├╝lece─či, staccato tekni─činin nas─▒l ├╝stesinden gelinebilece─či anlat─▒lm─▒┼čt─▒r. Staccato tekni─činin daha k─▒sa s├╝rede ├ž├Âz├╝me kavu┼čturulmas─▒ ama├ž edinilmi┼čtir. Parmaklar─▒n yerlerini ├Â─čretti─čimiz kadar belle─čimize de ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒n kaydedilmesi ├Ânemlidir. G├Âsterilen azmin ve sabr─▒n sonucu olarak ortaya ├ž─▒kan yap─▒t ba┼čar─▒y─▒ daha da yukar─▒ seviyelere ├ž─▒karacakt─▒r

    How Syria can Gain from Russo-Ukrainian War

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    The Russo-Ukrainian war has provided the regime in Damascus, once considered a political pariah in the region, much-needed respectability on the regional and world stages

    The Impact of a Play Intervention on the Social-Emotional Development of Preschool Children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

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    Practitioners working with children have emphasized that play is vital to childrenÔÇÖs development, Links between childrenÔÇÖs social-emotional development and play have been widely documented. However, rigorous research evidence of these links remains limited. This studyÔÇÖs objectives were to measure the impact of play on childrenÔÇÖs social-emotional development in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia; identify teachersÔÇÖ viewpoints around the use of play intervention; and understand the childrenÔÇÖs experience of play intervention. Fifty-nine children aged between five and six years, with mean age of 5.5 (SD 3.376) and eight teachers participated in the study. The study used a mixed-method strategy including questionnaires, interviews, and focus group discussions. ChildrenÔÇÖs social-emotional development was measured by using the Strengths and Difficulties Questioner (SDQ). A pre-/post-test counterbalanced design was used to measure the impact of the play intervention on childrenÔÇÖs development. TeachersÔÇÖ perspectives on play were obtained by interviewing eight teachers. ChildrenÔÇÖs views were gathered through focus group discussions. Repeated measures ANOVA was conducted to determine the differences in the SDQ score over three time points. Results showed that using unstructured loose parts play had positively impacted childrenÔÇÖs social-emotional development. After participation in the play intervention, scores from the SDQ indicated that children demonstrated significantly less problematic emotional, conduct and peer relationship issues. They also scored significantly higher in their positive prosocial behaviour. These positive effects were sustained after six weeks of stopping the intervention. The play intervention did not however impact childrenÔÇÖs hyperactivity level. The interviews analysis illustrates four main themes: concept and characteristics of play, play functions, developmental benefits of play, and play and practice. Regarding childrenÔÇÖs discussion, affordance emerged as a main theme; this includes emotional, social, and functional affordances. Unstructured loose parts play intervention was demonstrated to have positive impacts on childrenÔÇÖs social-emotional development. The studyÔÇÖs findings support the view that play is a way to increase childrenÔÇÖs development

    The quest of publicness: how public are public spaces? The particularity of Damascus' old city

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    Tese de doutoramento em Arquitetura (especialidade Cidade e Territ├│rio)This study presents the assessment of publicness in urban design by addressing how public are public spaces in the old city of Damascus, Syria. In the late twentieth century, the ancient city of Damascus was labeled as world heritage, and its urban fabric was protected by UNESCO. The traditional old city is the subject of many rehabilitations and renovation projects by local public authorities and many international NGOs. Mainly due to the civil conflict ongoing in Syria. Two overlapping frameworks were suggested to approach the publicness in the old city of Damascus. The first one addressed identifying public spaces as part of the urban designs in the old city, using a selection of criteria sited over three dimensions of urban designs theory. The first one is the morphological dimension, concerning the spatial structure of urban spaces, containing three criteria: layout, landscape, and scale. The second one is the social dimension, tackling the convoluted relationships between users and spaces; this dimension┬┤s criteria encompass identity, security, and use. The last dimension is functional, which addresses the day-to-day function of the space┬┤s constituent elements, presented in the selected criteria of access and control. The second framework assesses the level of publicness by applying chosen publicness indicators on targeted public spaces. The indicators are divaricated from three publicness dimensions of ownership, management, and accessibility. The ownership indicators include property and functions. The management dimension indicators include the type of management, presence of control, physical maintenance, and provision of facilities. While the accessibility dimension has three indicators: centrality and connections, visual permeability, and thresholds and gateways. The structure and narrative of DamascusÔÇÖs old city showed a complex system of public spaces formed by a combination of Mediterranean citiesÔÇÖ public spaces and Arab-Islamic cities┬┤ urbanism. Maintaining privacy and security was the main motive behind adopting the current spaces hierarchy in the traditional old city. Out of the diverse range of public spaces in the old city of Damascus, five of them were chosen for the publicness assessment, which includes: The main streets, the Harat, the secondary streets, the Cul-de-sacs, and the house┬┤s courtyards. Each of these spaces┬┤ publicness was assessed by applying the aforementioned publicness indicators, using the analyzed information and graphical data provided for this study. As a result of this assessment, the public spaces of Damascus┬┤s old city vary in the level of publicness; they mirror the gradual transition from public to private through its level of publicness. This corresponds to the exploration journey from the city┬┤s public areas outside the wall into its street network to reach the private areas of the houses. In the end, the assessment of public spaces revealed that each public space has its own particular publicness qualities, which may affect its level of publicness. Some spaces may have the same generic level of publicness, whether it is public, semi-public, semi-private, or private. Still, one of them will be more public than the other. The publicness of any public space will remain distinct from other spaces┬┤ publicness, which reflects the particularity of the old city of Damascus public spaces.Este estudo apresenta a avalia├ž├úo do ÔÇťpublicnessÔÇŁ no desenho urbano, abordando at├ę que ponto s├úo p├║blicos os espa├žos p├║blicos na cidade velha de Damasco, na S├şria. No final do s├ęculo XX, a antiga cidade de Damasco foi rotulada como patrim├│nio mundial e seu tecido urbano foi protegido pela UNESCO. A tradicional cidade velha ├ę objeto de muitos projetos de reabilita├ž├úo e renova├ž├úo por parte das autoridades p├║blicas locais e de muitas Organiza├ž├Áes n├úo-governamentais de desenvolvimeto (ONGD) internacionais, principalmente devido ao conflito civil em curso na S├şria. Duas estruturas sobrepostas foram sugeridas para abordar o ÔÇťpublicnessÔÇŁ na cidade velha de Damasco. A primeira abordou a identifica├ž├úo de espa├žos p├║blicos como parte dos projetos urbanos da cidade velha, usando uma sele├ž├úo de crit├ęrios situados em tr├¬s dimens├Áes da teoria dos projetos urbanos. O primeiro ├ę a dimens├úo morfol├│gica, referente ├á estrutura espacial dos espa├žos urbanos, contendo tr├¬s crit├ęrios: tra├žado, paisagem e escala. O segundo ├ę a dimens├úo social, abordando as complexas rela├ž├Áes entre usu├írios e espa├žos; os crit├ęrios desta dimens├úo abrangem identidade, seguran├ža e uso. A ├║ltima dimens├úo ├ę funcional, que aborda a fun├ž├úo quotidiana dos elementos constituintes do espa├žo, apresentados nos crit├ęrios selecionados de acesso e controlo. A segunda estrutura avalia o n├şvel de ÔÇťpublicnessÔÇŁ, aplicando indicadores de ÔÇťpublicnessÔÇŁ escolhidos em espa├žos p├║blicos espec├şficos. Os indicadores s├úo divididos em tr├¬s dimens├Áes de ÔÇťpublicnessÔÇŁ: propriedade, gest├úo e acessibilidade. Os indicadores de propriedade incluem propriedade e fun├ž├Áes. Os indicadores da dimens├úo de gest├úo incluem o tipo de gest├úo, presen├ža de controlo, manuten├ž├úo f├şsica e provis├úo de instala├ž├Áes. J├í a dimens├úo da acessibilidade possui tr├¬s indicadores: centralidade e conex├Áes, permeabilidade visual e limiares e fugas. A estrutura e a narrativa da cidade velha de Damasco mostraram um complexo sistema de espa├žos p├║blicos formado por uma combina├ž├úo de espa├žos p├║blicos de cidades mediterr├óneas e urbanismo de cidades ar├íbico-isl├ómicas. Manter a privacidade e seguran├ža foi o principal motivo para adotar a atual hierarquia de espa├žos na cidade velha tradicional. Da diversidade de espa├žos p├║blicos da cidade velha de Damasco, cinco deles foram escolhidos para a avalia├ž├úo de ÔÇťpublicnessÔÇŁ, que incluem: as ruas principais, o Harat, as ruas secund├írias, as ruas sem sa├şda e os p├ítios das casas. O ÔÇťpublicnessÔÇŁ de cada um destes espa├žos foi avaliada, aplicando-se os indicadores de ÔÇťpublicnessÔÇŁ acima mencionados, utilizando as informa├ž├Áes analisadas e os dados gr├íficos disponibilizados para este estudo. Como resultado desta avalia├ž├úo, os espa├žos p├║blicos da cidade velha de Damasco variam quanto ao n├şvel de ÔÇťpublicnessÔÇŁ: eles refletem a transi├ž├úo gradual do p├║blico para o privado atrav├ęs do seu n├şvel de ÔÇťpublicnessÔÇŁ. Isso corresponde ├á jornada de explora├ž├úo das ├íreas p├║blicas da cidade fora da muralha, na sua rede de ruas para chegar ├ás ├íreas privadas das casas. No final, a avalia├ž├úo dos espa├žos p├║blicos revelou que cada espa├žo p├║blico tem as suas qualidades particulares de ÔÇťpublicnessÔÇŁ, o que pode afetar o seu n├şvel de ÔÇťpublicnessÔÇŁ. Alguns espa├žos podem ter o mesmo n├şvel gen├ęrico de ÔÇťpublicnessÔÇŁ, seja ela p├║blica, semi-p├║blica, semi-privada ou privada. Mesmo assim, um deles ser├í mais p├║blico do que o outro. A ÔÇťpublicnessÔÇŁ de qualquer espa├žo p├║blico permanecer├í distinta da ÔÇťpublicnessÔÇŁ de outros espa├žos, o que reflete a particularidade dos espa├žos p├║blicos da cidade velha de Damasco

    Walking with the Earth: Intercultural Perspectives on Ethics of Ecological Caring

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    It is commonly believed that considering nature different from us, human beings (qua rational, cultural, religious and social actors), is detrimental to our engagement for the preservation of nature. An obvious example is animal rights, a deep concern for all living beings, including non-human living creatures, which is understandable only if we approach nature, without fearing it, as something which should remain outside of our true home. ÔÇťWalking with the earthÔÇŁ aims at questioning any similar preconceptions in the wide sense, including allegoric-poetic contributions. We invited 14 authors from 4 continents to express all sorts of ways of saying why caring is so important, why togetherness, being-with each others, as a spiritual but also embodied ethics is important in a divided world

    Heavy Metal in Medieval Europe

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    How and why did plate armor come to be widely used in Medieval Europe? I trace the historical development of armor in Europe from antiquity to the middle ages, and then identify the main causes that pushed European warriors to develop and adopt plate armor from the 14th to the 16th centuries. I rely on prior research by scholars and historians of arms and armor, as well as primary source documents that describe arms and armor and their use in tournaments and on the battlefield. I conclude that a combination of social, political, military, and technical factors pushed European warriors to adopt plate armor. I also briefly discuss the demise of plate armor due to increasing use of firearms in the 16th century and the growth of professional armies
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