959,236 research outputs found

    Computer Network Resources for Economists

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    Online Resource Inference in Network Utility Maximization Problems

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    The amount of transmitted data in computer networks is expected to grow considerably in the future, putting more and more pressure on the network infrastructures. In order to guarantee a good service, it then becomes fundamental to use the network resources efficiently. Network Utility Maximization (NUM) provides a framework to optimize the rate allocation when network resources are limited. Unfortunately, in the scenario where the amount of available resources is not known a priori, classical NUM solving methods do not offer a viable solution. To overcome this limitation we design an overlay rate allocation scheme that attempts to infer the actual amount of available network resources while coordinating the users rate allocation. Due to the general and complex model assumed for the congestion measurements, a passive learning of the available resources would not lead to satisfying performance. The coordination scheme must then perform active learning in order to speed up the resources estimation and quickly increase the system performance. By adopting an optimal learning formulation we are able to balance the tradeoff between an accurate estimation, and an effective resources exploitation in order to maximize the long term quality of the service delivered to the users

    Optimized usage of network resources based on context information

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    Today an efficient (cost-effective) design and usage of networks is of particular importance. As more and more computer systems become context-aware the question of how context information can be used to improve computer networks arises. In this poster we describe how context information can be used to optimize the usage of resources in a computer network. By means of a mobile payment system we show how these optimization method can be applied

    Firewalls: A Balance Between Security and Accesibility

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    Access control lists and firewall rules are intended to prevent access to certain resources on a computer network while allowing access to other resources. Access control lists determine who has access to resources while firewall rules prevent general access to resources. The goal of this research is to find the best way to optimize a campus internet connection as well as a balance between the application of rules and lists and the accessibility of the outside world. This research is done utilizing a simulated internet and local network environment. The environment utilized simulates the set-up currently in use by an educational institution and will serve as a test environment upon completion of my research

    Worst-Case Scenarios for Greedy, Centrality-Based Network Protection Strategies

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    The task of allocating preventative resources to a computer network in order to protect against the spread of viruses is addressed. Virus spreading dynamics are described by a linearized SIS model and protection is framed by an optimization problem which maximizes the rate at which a virus in the network is contained given finite resources. One approach to problems of this type involve greedy heuristics which allocate all resources to the nodes with large centrality measures. We address the worst case performance of such greedy algorithms be constructing networks for which these greedy allocations are arbitrarily inefficient. An example application is presented in which such a worst case network might arise naturally and our results are verified numerically by leveraging recent results which allow the exact optimal solution to be computed via geometric programming

    System/360 Computer Assisted Network Scheduling (CANS) System

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    Computer assisted scheduling techniques that produce conflict-free and efficient schedules have been developed and implemented to meet needs of the Manned Space Flight Network. CANS system provides effective management of resources in complex scheduling environment. System is automated resource scheduling, controlling, planning, information storage and retrieval tool

    Real-time co-ordinated resource management in a computational enviroment

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    Design co-ordination is an emerging engineering design management philosophy with its emphasis on timeliness and appropriateness. Furthermore, a key element of design coordination has been identified as resource management, the aim of which is to facilitate the optimised use of resources throughout a dynamic and changeable process. An approach to operational design co-ordination has been developed, which incorporates the appropriate techniques to ensure that the aim of co-ordinated resource management can be fulfilled. This approach has been realised within an agent-based software system, called the Design Coordination System (DCS), such that a computational design analysis can be managed in a coherent and co-ordinated manner. The DCS is applied to a computational analysis for turbine blade design provided by industry. The application of the DCS involves resources, i.e. workstations within a computer network, being utilised to perform the computational analysis involving the use of a suite of software tools to calculate stress and vibration characteristics of turbine blades. Furthermore, the application of the system shows that the utilisation of resources can be optimised throughout the computational design analysis despite the variable nature of the computer network

    LaRC local area networks to support distributed computing

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    The Langley Research Center's (LaRC) Local Area Network (LAN) effort is discussed. LaRC initiated the development of a LAN to support a growing distributed computing environment at the Center. The purpose of the network is to provide an improved capability (over inteactive and RJE terminal access) for sharing multivendor computer resources. Specifically, the network will provide a data highway for the transfer of files between mainframe computers, minicomputers, work stations, and personal computers. An important influence on the overall network design was the vital need of LaRC researchers to efficiently utilize the large CDC mainframe computers in the central scientific computing facility. Although there was a steady migration from a centralized to a distributed computing environment at LaRC in recent years, the work load on the central resources increased. Major emphasis in the network design was on communication with the central resources within the distributed environment. The network to be implemented will allow researchers to utilize the central resources, distributed minicomputers, work stations, and personal computers to obtain the proper level of computing power to efficiently perform their jobs
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