320,374 research outputs found

    Early Modern Political Philosophies and the Shaping of Political Economy

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    In the course of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries the paradigm of a new science, political economy, was established. It was a science distinct from the Aristotelian sub-disciplines of practical philosophy named oikonomía and politiké, and emphasis on its character of science not unlike the natural sciences – still called ‘natural philosophy’ – mirrored precisely a willingness to stress its autonomy from two other sub-disciplines of practical philosophy, that is, ethics and politics. However, the new science resulted from a transformation of part of traditional practical philosophy, allowing the inclusion of bodies of knowledge accumulated by experts of commerce and public finance. Such bodies of knowledge were unified by the (true or alleged) discovery of regularities, mechanisms, causal connections making for a new partial order within the overall social order. How far this paved the way to a science similar to mathematics rather left a normative discipline as alive as ever was a recurrent question for at least a century, until the marginalist revolution opened the way for a sharp division, leaving ‘economics’ as a science of causes and effects facing ‘economic policy’ as a discourse on ends

    Data-driven personalisation and the law - a primer: collective interests engaged by personalisation in markets, politics and law

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    Interdisciplinary Workshop on â��Data-Driven Personalisation in Markets, Politics and Law' on 28 June 2019Southampton Law School will be hosting an interdisciplinary workshop on the topic of â��Data-Driven Personalisation in Markets, Politics and Law' on Friday 28 June 2019, which will explore the pervasive and growing phenomenon of â��personalisationâ�� â�� from behavioural advertising in commerce and micro-targeting in politics, to personalised pricing and contracting and predictive policing and recruitment. This is a huge area which touches upon many legal disciplines as well as social science concerns and, of course, computer science and mathematics. Within law, it goes well beyond data protection law, raising questions for criminal law, consumer protection, competition and IP law, tort law, administrative law, human rights and anti-discrimination law, law and economics as well as legal and constitutional theory. Weâ��ve written a position paper, https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/428082/1/Data_Driven_Personalisation_and_the_Law_A_Primer.pdf which is designed to give focus and structure to a workshop that we expect will be strongly interdisciplinary, creative, thought-provoking and entertaining. We like to hear your thoughts! Call for papers! Should you be interested in disagreeing, elaborating, confirming, contradicting, dismissing or just reflecting on anything in the paper and present those ideas at the workshop, send us an abstract by Friday 5 April 2019 (Ms Clare Brady [email protected] ). We aim to publish an edited popular law/social science book with the most compelling contributions after the workshop.Prof Uta Kohl, Prof James Davey, Dr Jacob Eisler<br/

    Foundations of mechanism design: a tutorial Part 1- Key concepts and classical results

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    Mechanism design, an important tool in microeconomics, has found widespread applications in modelling and solving decentralized design problems in many branches of engineering, notably computer science, electronic commerce, and network economics. Mechanism design is concerned with settings where a social planner faces the problem of aggregating the announced preferences of multiple agents into a collective decision when the agents exhibit strategic behaviour. The objective of this paper is to provide a tutorial introduction to the foundations and key results in mechanism design theory. The paper is in two parts. Part 1 focuses on basic concepts and classical results which form the foundation of mechanism design theory. Part 2 presents key advanced concepts and deeper results in mechanism design

    ABOUT THE BHOPAL SCHOOL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES (BSSS)

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    The Bhopal School of Social Sciences was founded in the year 1972-at the initiative of Most Rev Dr. Eugene D' Souza, the then Archbishop of Bhopal-in response to the need of the time for a broadbased, job-oriented curriculum with an initial focus on social service and entrepreneurship. The institution is supported and managed by the Archdiocese of Bhopal through the BSSS Foundation Society chaired by the Archbishop of Bhopal. Since its inception, the College has adopted an integrated and comprehensive approach to learningin order to achieve academic excellence. This vision has been the cornerstone of our growth in the last 49 years as we gradually adopted new programs, initiated innovative learner strategies, and took bold steps to go beyond the prescribed curriculum with a view to transform knowledge into affirmative action. Initially known for its Social Sciences and Management courses, the College grew and diversified with the introduction of courses in Commerce, Information &amp; Technology, Science and Physical Education. Catering to the high demand for Commerce subjects, the College offers a wide range of options including an honours course as well as specializations in Foreign Trade, Travel and Tourism, Banking and Insurance, Taxation, Computer Applications, Advertising, Sales Promotion &amp; Sales Management. Subsequently, post graduate courses in Social work, English Literature, Commerce, Economics, Computer Applications, Sociology, Political Science, Psychology and Business Administration followed. Presently, our Humanities portfolio includes 4 undergraduate honours programs in Social Work, Economics, English literature and Psychology. The College also runs two international MBAs through collaboration with Assumption University, Bangkok and Under Graduate Courses in collaboration with Concordia College, USA. We also have tie-up with IMA, US and ACCA, UK. With the objective of widening the educational experience of our students as well as to encourage inter-disciplinary learning, the College offers 41 certificate courses and 6 diploma courses. The Business English Certificate course of Cambridge University offered at three levels: Preliminary, Vantage and Higher further enhance the value of the degree courses. The strength of our ideology was put to a litmus test, first in 2006, and subsequently in 2012 and 2017 by NAAC. On all the three occasions, our claim to excellence was validated through an 'A' Grade certificate. The College has already been granted autonomy in May 2013 and extension of autonomy in 2019 for another term of five years. Our endeavours have always been encouraged and guided by our Chairman, Most Rev. Dr Leo Cornelio, the Archbishop of Bhopal Diocese. Spearheaded by his vision of global education, peaceful resolution of conflict, social equality and high standards of personal conduct, we hope to scale new heights in the world of academia and create a conducive environment for intellectual, social, moral and spiritual growth of the world we live in

    Research on the Application of E-commerce to Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs): the Case of India

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    SMEs account for a large proportion and play an important role in the development of each country in the world, including India. The globalization will bring many advantages for enterprises however SMEs will face fierce competition at the local, national and International level. In order to maintain and promote the important role of SMEs in the context of increased competition, SMEs have to change and adopt new technologies. E-commerce and digital technologies are bringing opportunities to help SMEs improve their competitiveness, narrow the gap with big enterprises thanks to their fairness and flexibility of the digital business environment. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; According to UNIDO (2017), India is one of the countries successfully applying e-commerce to SMEs. Contributing to this success is the important role of the Indian government. Therefore, this paper focuses on researching the application of e-commerce to SMEs in terms of the role of government in promoting and creating an ecosystem for SMEs and e-commerce development

    Spartan Daily, May 5, 1944

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    Volume 32, Issue 127https://scholarworks.sjsu.edu/spartandaily/10932/thumbnail.jp

    Philosophy and economics. Some recent books on Hume’s political economy

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    the essay proposes a survey of the works on Hume's economics ideas authored by economits and historians of political economy. La rivista raccoglie i saggi presentati nel corso del convegno internazionali cui hanno partecipato studiosi italiani e stranier

    Reciprocity as a foundation of financial economics

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    This paper argues that the subsistence of the fundamental theorem of contemporary financial mathematics is the ethical concept ‘reciprocity’. The argument is based on identifying an equivalence between the contemporary, and ostensibly ‘value neutral’, Fundamental Theory of Asset Pricing with theories of mathematical probability that emerged in the seventeenth century in the context of the ethical assessment of commercial contracts in a framework of Aristotelian ethics. This observation, the main claim of the paper, is justified on the basis of results from the Ultimatum Game and is analysed within a framework of Pragmatic philosophy. The analysis leads to the explanatory hypothesis that markets are centres of communicative action with reciprocity as a rule of discourse. The purpose of the paper is to reorientate financial economics to emphasise the objectives of cooperation and social cohesion and to this end, we offer specific policy advice

    Spartan Daily, October 25, 1949

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    Volume 38, Issue 14https://scholarworks.sjsu.edu/spartandaily/11281/thumbnail.jp

    Spartan Daily, October 25, 1949

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    Volume 38, Issue 14https://scholarworks.sjsu.edu/spartandaily/11281/thumbnail.jp
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