2,040,185 research outputs found

    Evans Medicine

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    Newsletter of the Evans Memorial Department of Clinical Research and Preventive Medicine at University Hospital

    Evans Medicine

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    Newsletter of the Evans Memorial Department of Clinical Research and Preventive Medicine at University Hospital

    Evans Medicine

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    Newsletter of the Evans Memorial Department of Clinical Research and Preventive Medicine at University Hospital

    Clinical Significance of Propionibacterium acnes in the Formation of Noncaseating Epithelioid-Cell Granulomas of the Mediastinal Lymph Nodes and Lung in Patients with Lung Cancer:Differential Diagnosis Between Sarcoid Reactions and Sarcoidosis

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    Objectives:Sarcoidosis is a systemic noncaseating epithelioid-cell granulomatous disease of unknown origin.Granulomas occurring around malignant tumors and regional lymph nodes can be caused by sarcoid reactions.The mechanisms underlying sarcoidosis and sarcoid reactions remain unclear. Whether increaseduptake of fluorodeoxyglucose( FDG) in lymph nodes on positron emission tomography( PET) is caused bytumor metastasis, the concurrent presence of sarcoidosis, or sarcoid reactions must be determined to ensureproper disease staging and selection of treatment policy. We studied patients who underwent surgery forlung cancer and had no histopathological evidence of lymph-node metastasis in whom concurrent sarcoidosisor sarcoid reactions were diagnosed.Methods:In six patients who underwent surgery for primary lung cancer, granulomatous lesions werehistopathologically studied in dissected lymph nodes and lung. Tissue sections were stained with monoclonalantibodies against Propionibacterium acnes( PAB antibodies).Results:The six patients had noncaseating epithelioid-cell granulomas in mediastinal lymph nodes andlung. Clinically, concurrent sarcoidosis was suspected, but the results of staining the tissue specimens withPAB antibodies( in granulomas, alveolar macrophages, Hamazaki-Wesenberg bodies, and lymphatic sinuses)suggested sarcoid reactions in 5 patients. In one patient in whom granulomas stained positive with PAB antibodies,concurrent sarcoidosis was diagnosed.Conclusions:In patients with lung cancer who have no distinct systemic evidence of sarcoidosis, thepresence of noncaseating epithelioid-cell granulomas in the lung hilum or mediastinum is usually caused bysarcoid reactions

    Evans Medicine

    Get PDF
    Newsletter of the Evans Memorial Department of Clinical Research and Preventive Medicine at University Hospital

    Evans Medicine

    Get PDF
    Newsletter of the Evans Memorial Department of Clinical Research and Preventive Medicine at University Hospital

    Evans Medicine

    Get PDF
    Newsletter of the Evans Memorial Department of Clinical Research and Preventive Medicine at University Hospital

    Evans Medicine

    Get PDF
    Newsletter of the Evans Memorial Department of Clinical Research and Preventive Medicine at University Hospital

    Clinical quality improvement and medicine

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    Medical practice is facing many pressures, all requiring ever-higher standards and better 'quality' in the provision of clinical care. Medicine is not alone in facing such forces, and it may be appropriate to apply the methodology used in other disciplines to address this issue; common problems are generally amenable to common solutions. The 'quality' approach was initially applied to health care in the USA, presumably because of the accent on market forces and the relationship with market share. In recent years, other health care systems have invested in this approach, applying lessons learned from management disciplines and the aviation industly. The Institute of Medicine's report on health care quality noted that 'every system is perfectly designed to obtain the results it gets' fll The European Union has thus far not included quality as a formal item on its agenda; however, with increasing mobility of patients and health professionals, there is pressure for legislative action addressing risk management and quality improvement. The development of a European approach to ensure the highest quality standards, free movement in the European Union, as well as the medical devices industry, are all areas that are raising interest. Overall, it behooves the individual clinician to be aware of developments in the area.peer-reviewe

    A Case of Inflammatory Lung Disease and Retroperitoneal Fibrosis Attributed to Systemic IgG4-related Disease

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    Recently, immunoglobulin (Ig) G4-related diseases such as autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP), sclerosingsialadenitis, retroperitoneal fibrosis, and sclerosing cholangitis have been reported. IgG4-related diseases arecharacterized by high serum IgG4 concentrations, sclerosing inflammation with numerous IgG4-positiveplasma cells, and steroid sensitivity, irrespective of their organ of origin. We describe a case of inflammatorylung disease and retroperitoneal fibrosis, suggested to involve IgG4. The patient was a 76-year-old man. Acomputed tomographic scan of the chest showed nodular air-space consolidation in the left upper lobe. Theserum IgG4 concentration was abnormally elevated, but there was no evidence of AIP. Bilateral hydronephrosisassociated with thickened soft tissue around the abdominal aorta had been diagnosed previously. Hehad undergone surgery, and retroperitoneal fibrosis was diagnosed histologically (hematoxylin and eosinstain). Histological examination of bronchoscopic specimens taken from the left S3 region showed mononuclear-cell infiltration of the fibrotic bronchial wall, including many IgG4-positive plasma cells. Specimens ofthe region affected by retroperitoneal fibrosis were retrospectively reanalyzed, and the cells were positivefor IgG4 on immunostaining, similar to the lung tissue. The patient responded to treatment with corticosteroids.In conclusion, the present case shared many clinical and clinicopathological similarities with systemicIgG4-related autoimmune disease. To our knowledge, however, this is the first reported case of inflammatorylung disease with retroperitoneal fibrosis in a patient with systemic IgG4-related autoimmune disease
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