4,651 research outputs found

    Medieval Manila: Life at the Dawn of the 20th Century

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    The Spanish established the city of Manila upon similar principles used tofound medieval European cities. However, Manila by the dawn of the 20thcentury was already an antiquated and obsolete human settlement. Thispaper depicts the crude life people endured inside the city, comparableto conditions in the medieval cities of Western Europe centuries before.It will establish that Manila was underdeveloped and poorly maintaineddespite three centuries of Spanish rule. This paper explores the lifeboth of the elite and of the ordinary resident of the Walled City, focusingon the aspects of house design, the social graces, urban problems,transportation, and communication

    The role of highways and land carriage in Tsarist Russia.

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    Despite the fact that a system of paved and unpaved roads evolved, land transportation was less than satisfactory. Traveling and land carriage were slow, tedious, and expensive. The effects of rasputitsa (season of the mud) were a significant impediment to uninterrupted land transportation. An immense amount of capital, labor, and resources went into land carriage and a minimum amount into highway construction. Every facet of Russian society was touched in some manner by ground transportation ability. The effects of roads and and highways in inhibiting the modernization of Tsardom was of great significance.Russia was not a roadless nation-state. On the contrary, it was a country with public highways and post-roads, divided into categories, each with specific construction codes and maintenance procedures. An intricate bureaucracy was spawned to supervise and manage these roads and highways. The decision to collapse distances and increase transport efficiency with steam railways was a significant development. Macadam surfaces declined precipitously, never to recover.The purpose of this study is to describe and explain the role, influences, and effects of highways over land carriage in the development of the Old Russian economy. For centuries, Russia had few choices but to transport merchandise by land routes. In summer and winter, small animal-drawn vehicles and sleds carried the goods of the empire to local and distant markets

    Michelin: the Phoenix of French Modernity in the Twentieth Century

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    This article looks at the cultural and economical effects of the Michelin Tire Company during the twentieth century. It analyzes the role that Michelin played in reinventing Frances culture as a center for sophistication and modernization. This paper looks at the aspects of modernity in colonialism and French nationality as well as the Michelin Tire Company\u27s fight to rejuvenate the nation\u27s cultural notions of travel and leisure. From their humble french beginnings to their international corporation this thesis shows the Michelin Tire Company\u27s role in modernizing France to its new founded glory

    South Thomaston Comprehensive Plan, March 2010

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    Overland travel in colonial eastern North Carolina

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    The Paducah Evening Sun, August 21, 1907

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    Transport for Early Modern London: London\u27s Transportation Environment and the Experience of Movement, 1500-1800

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    This dissertation investigates two closely related topics regarding London\u27s transportation environment. The first was to determine the shape of early modern London\u27s transportation infrastructure and determine who was responsible for its design, construction and maintenance. The second goal was to investigate the experiences of those moving about the city. In some cases, it was possible to find substantive information on London\u27s transport milieu; for example, the number of gates and the size of the wall surrounding the city from Stow\u27s 1598 Survey of London or the rules regarding street cleaning in London\u27s Letter Books. In most cases, however, it was necessary to tease bits of information from the comments left in many other sources. Thus, we figuratively listen to Samuel Pepys remark on walking in some of London\u27s muddy streets; Donald Lupton on the experience of being splashed by a coach, or John Gay on the dangers of walking at night. This dissertation then combined these comments with the information in the city\u27s official records to weave a narrative of using the transport assets of London in the seventeenth century. The result: this dissertation found that London\u27s transportation environment was remarkably sophisticated with rules surrounding both the construction and the use of transportation assets, along with those regarding oversight. All of which had to continue to evolve to deal with London\u27s phenomenal growth in population and wealth in the seventeenth through the eighteenth century

    Stepping Into the Past: A Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Charleston’s Streetscape Through Imagery

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    The tradition of preservation has long focused on the built environment of historic buildings, while ignoring the very environment they reside in, specifically streetscapes. This thesis seeks to identify the spatial and temporal changes in streetscapes occurring on King Street and Chalmers Street from 1700 until 1971 and provide guidelines for the preservation and restoration of streetscapes to their periods of historic significance between ca. 1750-1971. By collecting and analyzing images of the streetscape at different period in time, specific features and materials were identified. Imagery included historic photos, paintings, and sketches. Broken into specific periods, this study tracks changes over time that allows for specific periods of significance to be identified and replicated. Using Geographic Information System (GIS), and analytical statistical software (JMP), data was identified and analyzed for location, frequency, presence, and absence. The guidelines provided allow for the design of historically sympathetic streetscapes that representative of accurate historic trend in material, while at the same time consider the needs of modern circulation and technological advancements

    Transportation and Transformations: An Archaeological and Historical Study of the McBrearty Site (40KN270) and Carriage Houses in the North Knoxville Area

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    The McBrearty site is located on the northeast corner of West Glenwood and East Scott Avenues in Old North Knoxville, an area of the city that developed as part of the incorporated city of North Knoxville in 1889. Situated on the site is the McBrearty home, a Victorian Queen Anne Cottage built in 1892, and the architectural remains of a carriage house located at the rear of the property. While the McBrearty house has undergone few architectural changes since its construction, all that remains of the carriage house are thirteen brick piers protruding from the earth in the rear yard. These footers attest to the presence of the structure perhaps as early as the late 19th century. Prior to this investigation, no research was done on carriage houses in the urban Knoxville area. For this reason, archaeological and historical investigations of the McBrearty site were aimed at determining when the carriage house was built, what materials were used in its construction, what original purpose the structure served, and how this function changed over time in relation to shifting transportation practices in Knoxville. Archaeological investigations were undertaken in an area to the rear of the property based on visible features and historic maps. This thesis represents the results of the historical research combined with an interpretation of the archaeological data recovered. As many original carriage houses in Historic Old North Knoxville no longer exist, it is hoped that this research will demonstrate the historical importance of these structures, and reemphasize the importance of preserving these valuable elements of the past for future generations to enjoy
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