95,430 research outputs found

    Promoting prosperity and stability: the EMU anchor in candidate and potential candidate countries

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    This paper analyses the euro as external anchor in the Western Balkans and their process of fiscal consolidation in the context of future EU accession.Promoting wealth and stability: the EMU anchor in candidate and potential candidate countries, Euro as external anchor in the Western Balkans, use of the euro in the Western Balkans, fiscal consolidation in candidate countries, use of the DM and later the euro, use of external anchors and parallel currencies, candidate countries fiscal surveillance procedures, candidate countries fiscal policies, economic affairs of candidate countries and Western Balkans, economic policy related to enlargement

    Aiding Balkans

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    Conceptual and theoretical issues of foreign aid in post-conflict, transition region are discussed. Two examples are presented in an informal manner. The first is about the incoherence of aid for reconstruction and policies of transition. The second is about the role of expected institutional change that the process of European Union integration provides and the comparative role of aid for institution building. Hypothesis are developed that will be considered in the further work on aid in the Balkans.

    The Rockefeller Brothers Fund's Western Balkans Program: Midterm Impact Assessment

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    The Rockefeller Brothers Fund (RBF) commissioned an impact assessment of its Western Balkans program from 2010 to 2015. As the team who carried out this assessment, our overall conclusion from the assessment is that the RBF program in the Western Balkans is having meaningful positive impact, and it is relevant to the developments in Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo, and the rest of the region. We believe the program is well designed and is achieving a lot with a relatively small amount of money

    Eastern Enlargement of the EU: Bulgaria and Romania’s Accession- Geo-economic and Geopolitical Implications for the Balkans

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    The project’s aim is to look beyond the journalistic flash stories and the repetitive high pathos analysis of EU's Balkan Enlargement and explore in depth the geopolitical implications of such an important development. In other words, this thesis looks at two major questions, and namely, what are the geopolitical and geo-economic consequences for the Balkans, arising from Bulgaria and Romania’s accession to the EU and in a broader context what are the geo-economic and geopolitical changes that are shaping in the Balkans in the first decade of the 21st century? To answer these broader questions the research concentrates on series of other closely related, but narrowly focused questions, namely: How the EU policies of inclusion and exclusion in the Balkans could contribute to severe economic, political and cultural ghettoization of the Balkans in short to mid term perspective? What are the Geo-economic and Geopolitical Perspectives for the integrated Eastern component? (Bulgaria and Romania) Pathways from the West Periphery or Western Periphery Paths: Options for the Excluded Component? (Bosnia& Herzegovina, Albania, Kosovo, Serbia & Montenegro, Macedonia) Are we currently observing grandeur changes and the emergence of Bulgaria and Romania as a region with a new very important geopolitical value due to the concurrence of major developments? How can these two countries capitalize on their advanced Euro-Atlantic integration stage and lobby for a more engaged EU policy towards the whole region and specifically the West Balkans? The first section of the first chapter gives the historical framework of Balkan economic relations and the evolution from historical confrontation to cooperation.In the next section I explore the recent geopolitical developments and namely the emerging East-West split , running through the heart of the Balkan peninsula, with its east part in the final stages of EU integration (Bulgaria and Romania) and the ‘Wild West’ of the Balkans with no prospective of mid to long-term EU integration. The second chapter explores the geo-economic implications of Bulgaria and Romania’s EU accession for the region. The third chapter explores the major geo-political changes that are currently shaping the Balkans and more narrowly the geo-political implications of Bulgaria and Romania’s EU accession to the region.eu enlargement; eu accession; european union; bulgaria; romania; eastern enlargement; geopolitics; geo-economics; political economy; balkans

    Who’s walking on the Silk Road? EU’s Policy at the Black Sea Region: from Bilateral to Regional Approach

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    Black Sea region is today the geopolitical attraction for both the United States and the European Union after being under the Soviet Union for more than 4 decades. The countries in the region have started to become pro-European but the Union seems to change its bilateral policy approach with a more regional approach. The political swift has done some history in the case of the Western Balkans, where the EU has first tried its regional approach with a bilateral flavor. The conditionality sets and rules applied in the case of the Western Balkans states could be also used in the case of the Black Sea bordering countries. However, both the European Union and the countries here must first find the incentives and the strenght to get involved into a long term relationship, as it is the relationship between Brussels and the Balkans. In the same time, the events in the Balkans set trends within the Black Sea region. European geopolitical, economic and security interests demand clear answers to questions like: “how will the dual EU’s approach differ from the approach used in the case of the Western Balkans?”, “What are the special features of the region that the Union should take into account?”. In order to properly answer all these, the EU has first to answer the question "Why the Black Sea region?".

    Western Balkans Integration into European Union: Challenges and Consequences

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    This paper is intended to analyze the challenges and consequences of the integration of Western Balkans to the European Union. Specifically, in the first case, challenges of this integration path and in the second case the consequences as a result of eventual stagnation in this path. For more than a century, the Western Balkans region has been seeking its way of European transformation. The region remains in the agenda of European Union expansion, but even after two decades of promises, the integration of Western Balkan countries to EU is not certain. The integration journey is first of all closely connected to building the institutional capacities, adoption of laws, rules, norms and European behavior in the domestic policymaking. Therefore, the challenges are converted into obstacle or inability to the establishment of values, identity, institutional and social aspects in the Western Balkan countries, whereas the consequences are reflected as derivatives of failure to accomplishing the membership of the region to EU. Based on the research conducted on this issue, this study argues that such challenges as lack of rule of law, high levels of corruption and organized crime are derivatives of historical legacy and political elite efforts to capture the state or dominate certain state resources, as well as of the EU approach towards this region. This study is important particularly in this aspect and unequivocally presents the common and separate challenges of the Western Balkans towards integration into the European Union. Along with this realistic presentation, the consequences themselves appear which first of all are not only to the detriment of the Western Balkans

    History in exile: memory and identity at the borders of the Balkans

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    The article reviews the book "History in Exile: Memory and Identity at the Borders of the Balkans," by Pamela Ballinger

    Yugoslavia is dead: long live the Yugosphere good news from the Western Balkans

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    This paper by Tim Judah, a journalist and writer who has covered the former Yugoslavia and the Balkans for many years and whose knowledge of the region is second to none, is the first in the LSEE Papers series. The paper takes a fresh look at a region known mainly as a source of 'bad news'. Tim Judah worked on this paper and the concept of a 'Yugosphere' while with LSEE as a Senior Visiting Fellow in 2009. The existence or emergence of a Yugosphere in the Western Balkans has already become a contentious issue and has made headlines across the region

    The Effects of Transition and Political Instability On Foreign Direct Investment Inflows: Central Europe and the Balkans

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    This paper examines the effect of transition and of political instability on FDI flows to the transition economies of Central Europe, the Baltics and the Balkans. We find that FDI to transition economies unaffected by conflict and political instability exceed those that would be expected for comparable West European countries. Success with stabilization and reform tends to increase FDI inflows. In the case of Balkan counties, conflict and instability have reduced FDI inflows below what one would expect for comparable West European countries, and reform and stabilization failures have further reduced FDI to the region. Thus the economic costs of instability in the Balkans have been quite high.http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/40115/3/wp729.pd

    Cross Country Comparison and Concluding Remarks

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    Political, economic and cultural elites in the Western Balkans share common views on the role of religion in society, but different perspectives on the challenges and concerns related to interreligious relations
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