17,033 research outputs found

    ‘They are doing it because they love it’: U.S. and English fan perceptions of women footballers as ‘role models’

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    We draw from 102 interviews with American and English adults who attended the 2019 Women’s World Cup to examine how fans perceive women footballers as ‘role models’, with attention to the operations of gender ideology. Despite the recent professionalization and commercialization of women’s football, there is a dearth of research on fan perspectives of players as role models. Our findings show that most fans perceive role modelling as women’s accessibility and authenticity in interaction. Fans naturalize women’s often uncompensated labor as role models through a supposed love for their sport and desire to see its future growth, endorsing a gender essentialist view of women as notably caring and giving in comparison to men. However, a minority of fans embrace a more critical view by identifying role modelling as an expectation placed disproportionately on women within an already unequal resource environment. We conclude that role modelling is a gendered expectation for elite women footballers and that fans can be a source of pressure towards its enactment

    Alʔilbīrī’s Book of the rational conclusions. Introduction, Critical Edition of the Arabic Text and Materials for the History of the Ḫawāṣṣic Genre in Early Andalus

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    [eng] The Book of the rational conclusions, written perhaps somewhen in the 10th c. by a physician from Ilbīrah (Andalus), is a multi-section medical pandect. The author brings together, from a diversity of sources, materials dealing with matters related to drug-handling, natural philosophy, therapeutics, medical applications of the specific properties of things, a regimen, and a dispensatory. This dissertation includes three different parts. First the transmission of the text, its contents, and its possible context are discussed. Then a critical edition of the Arabic text is offered. Last, but certainly not least, the subject of the specific properties is approached from several points of view. The analysis of Section III of the original book leads to an exploration of the early Andalusī assimilation of this epistemic tradition and to the establishment of a well-defined textual family in which our text must be inscribed. On the other hand, the concept itself of ‘specific property’ is often misconstrued and it is usually made synonymous to magic and superstition. Upon closer inspection, however, the alleged irrationality of the knowledge of these properties appears to be largely the result of anachronistic interpretation. As a complement of this particular research and as an illustration of the genre, a sample from an ongoing integral commentary on this section of the book is presented.[cat] El Llibre de les conclusions racionals d’un desconegut metge d’Ilbīrah (l’Àndalus) va ser compilat probablement durant la segona meitat del s. X. Es tracta d’un rudimentari però notablement complet kunnaix (un gènere epistèmic que és definit sovint com a ‘enciclopèdia mèdica’) en què l’autor aplega materials manllevats (sovint de manera literal i no-explícita) de diversos gèneres. El llibre obre amb una secció sobre apoteconomia (una mena de manual d’apotecaris) però se centra després en les diferents branques de la medicina. A continuació d’uns prolegòmens filosòfics l’autor copia, amb mínima adaptació lingüística, un tractat sencer de terapèutica, després un altre sobre les aplicacions mèdiques de les propietats específiques de les coses, una sèrie de fragments relacionats amb la dietètica (un règim en termes tradicionals) i, finalment, una col·lecció de receptes mèdiques. Cadascuna d’aquestes seccions mostren evidents lligams d’intertextualitat que apunten cap a una intensa activitat sintetitzadora de diverses tradicions aliades a la medicina a l’Àndalus califal. El text és, de fet, un magnífic objecte sobre el qual aplicar la metodologia de la crítica textual i de fonts. L’edició crítica del text incorpora la dimensió cronològica dins l’aparat, que esdevé així un element contextualitzador. Quant l’estudi de les fonts, si tot al llarg de la primera part d’aquesta tesi és només secundari, aquesta disciplina pren un protagonisme gairebé absolut en la tercera part, especialment en el capítol dedicat a l’anàlisi individual de cada passatge recollit en la secció sobre les propietats específiques de les coses

    Il conte di Carmagnola from the last autograph draft to the printing: a new critical edition and a model for a digital edition

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    A seguito degli studi condotti sul manoscritto inedito della copia per la censura della tragedia manzoniana Il Conte di Carmagnola, conservato presso la Houghton Library dell’Università di Harvard (MS Ital 72), il presente lavoro propone una nuova edizione critica delle ultime fasi elaborative dell’opera, dall’ultima redazione autografa (manoscritti Manz.V.S.XI.4 e Manz.B.X.2) alla prima edizione a stampa (1820), muovendosi negli ambiti, ancora scarsamente dialoganti ma complementari, della filologia d’autore e dell’editoria critica digitale. L’edizione, grazie al rinvenimento documentale – già segnalato nel 1990 (Severino 1990), ma ignorato dalla critica fino alla recente menzione di Giulia Raboni (Raboni 2017) – corregge la precedente ricostruzione filologica, sanando alcune erronee interpretazioni causate dalla lacuna testimoniale e rendendo possibile una più precisa ricostruzione delle fasi redazionali dell’opera. La connessa indagine critica degli interventi correttori ascrivibili alle ultime revisioni precedenti la pubblicazione permette inoltre di proporre spunti esegetici più esattamente rispondenti alla progressiva elaborazione del progetto manzoniano, consentendo anche di riassegnare all’autore la quasi totalità delle correzioni intercorse tra autografi e stampa, prima di impossibile o dubbia attribuzione. Lo studio del testo e dei manoscritti, condotto mediante un approccio interdisciplinare volto a misurare le possibilità di integrazione reciproca di filologia tradizionale e digitale, è infine punto di partenza per la realizzazione di un modello di annotazione XML/TEI. Tale schema si offre sia come caso di studio concreto per la rappresentazione del processo genetico della tragedia, anche attraverso la proposta di mockup per la visualizzazione, sia come occasione di riflessione generale sulle possibilità applicative del vocabolario TEI a obiettivi specifici della filologia d’autore, attualmente quasi del tutto esclusa dalle edizioni critiche digitali realizzate.Based on the study of the unpublished manuscript of the censorship copy of Manzoni’s tragedy Il conte di Carmagnola, housed in the Houghton Library of Harvard University (MS Ital 72), this work provides a new critical edition of the last redactions of the tragedy, from the last autograph draft (manuscripts Manz. V.S.XI.4 and Manz.B.X.2) to the first printed edition (1820). The edition – thanks to the analysis of the document, discovered in 1990 (Severino 1990), but ignored by the critics until the recent mention by Giulia Raboni (Raboni 2017) – intends to correct the previous philological reconstruction, by rectifying some misinterpretations due to the witness gap and by presenting a more accurate reconstruction of the editorial phases of the text. Linked to this, a critical investigation of the corrections dating back to the last revisions before the publishing lead me to exegetical observations which respond more likely to the progressive elaboration of the manzonian project and helped me reassigning the author almost the totality of the corrections between autographs and printing which were before of impossible or questionable attribution. The study of the text and the manuscripts – carried out following a multidisciplinary approach which integrates both traditional and digital philology, between which there is a scarce and yet increasingly necessary dialogue – is the starting point for the creation of a XML/TEI encoding model. This scheme offers itself for different purposes. The first is being a concrete case of study for the representation of the genetic process of the tragedy, also through mockup for the visualization. The second is that of being an opportunity for general reflection on application possibilities of TEI vocabulary on specific targets of authorial philology, which is currently underrepresented among digital critical editions

    Investigating the Shipton Hoard

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    In August 1840 a letter published in The Musical World announced the discovery of “four large iron chests filled with music-books”, some of great rarity, which have never been recovered. The truth is that the announcement is a hoax. But who perpetrated it? This essay sifts the evidence and attempts to solve the mystery

    “What will become of my work?”: Genius, Gender, and Legacy in the Life of Clara Wieck/Schumann

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    Clara Wieck/Schumann (1819 – 1896) was a musician living in an era increasingly concerned with posterity and canon formation, yet she believed that as a performer, she was destined for posthumous obscurity. On this matter, she clearly misjudged her historical significance. More than 125 years after her death, Wieck/Schumann is still remembered as a child prodigy whose father trained her to become one of the greatest pianists of the day and whose dedication to the highest artistic ideals was matched only by her unconditional devotion to her husband and children. Wieck/Schumann’s artistic accomplishments as an individual—her remarkable success as a virtuosa and her significant compositional output—are frequently juxtaposed with her roles as a mother of eight and the romantic(ized) partner to fellow composer Robert Schumann. The seeming incongruity of her public and private lives has also lent a certain ambiguity and openness in biographical treatments. As such, Wieck/Schumann has been a canvas upon which writers could project contradictory dogmatic images: eternally faithful and adulterous wife, selfless and neglectful mother, humble and glamorous performer, contentedly domestic and artistically stifled.Through close reading of archival material (diaries and correspondence of Wieck/Schumann and her closest associates) and secondary sources (biographies, historical news and entertainment media, and music analyses), this dissertation traces the origins and evolutions of Wieck/Schumann’s legacies through the dual lenses of gender and genius. This project presents a historiographic study of prescriptive ideologies in Wieck/Schumann biographies with attention to shifts in genre conventions and feminist ideas, engages in psychobiographic analysis of her attitudes toward and justification of her own creativity as a function of her personal relationships, investigates how her image was used in Nazi propaganda with consequent backlash, and culminates in critical consideration of the limitations of biography as a tool to analyze her compositions. Taken together, these components demonstrate the (potentially dangerous) cultural power of biography to perpetuate narratives of gender values and genius with direct implications for the musical and cultural reception of creative women like Wieck/Schumann

    Man-making and world-making on two wheels: Indian ‘globe cyclists’ in the interwar years

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    Around 20 cyclists from India embarked on long and arduous intercontinental journeys between 1923 and 1942 individually or in groups. Many of these ‘globe cyclists’, as they were often referred to by the Indian press, later wrote media articles and longer travelogues about their expeditions. This article examines the narratives of these long-distance cycling expeditions to argue that these journeys can illuminate new histories of the bicycle’s socio-cultural impact beyond the West, the self-fashioning of Indian cyclotourists as an example of complicit masculinity, and world tours as a novel form of anti-imperial counter-mobility. It does so by drawing on several historiographical subfields that have hitherto rarely been mobilized together, namely the histories of sports, masculinity, colonialism and decolonization, tourism, and (everyday) technology. The article focuses pars pro toto on the tours of Adi Hakim, Jal Bapasola, and Rustom Bhumgara (1923-1928) and Ramnath Biswas (1931-1940) that were strongly over-determined by the contexts of colonialism, anti-colonialism, and decolonisation, while nationalist masculinity represented another recurring trope

    Kierkegaard, the Lost Evangelical

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    In this article, we will argue that the thinker, Søren Kierkegaard, should be associated with Evangelicalism. We will first define Evangelicalism through its distinctives, arguing that it has four distinctives: (1) Its emphasis on a Christian’s “rebirth” being the central moment in their spiritual life, (2) an epistemological emphasis on the Bible, (3) an outspoken presence in the public square, and (4) evangelism. After doing so, we will demonstrate that Kierkegaard exhibits all four of these distinctives. We will do so by utilizing a biographical reading of his works. Central to which is an understanding of Easter 1848 as a key moment in Kierkegaard’s life, where he has a spiritual awakening or conversion

    The Strobach Syndrome: François-Joseph FÊtis, Historical Fakes and the Early Music Revival

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    Some pieces included by François-Joseph Fétis in his concerts historiques are now known to be “historical fakes”, which he composed himself and attributed to Emilio de’ Cavalieri, Heinrich Schütz, Alessandro Stradella and others. He even provided a spoof entry for his invented composer Jean Strobach in his Biographie universelle des musiciens. This paper traces the history of historical musical fakes from Fétis to Winfried Michel, arguing that they are uncovered because they go out of date like other cultural artefacts

    Die mittelalterlichen deutschen und niederländischen Handschriften der Sächsischen Landesbibliothek - Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Dresden

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    Vorliegender Katalog ist im Rahmen des von der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft vom April 2008 bis zum September 2016 geförderten Projekts „Tiefenerschließung und Digitalisierung der deutschsprachigen mittelalterlichen Handschriften der Sächsischen Landesbibliothek – Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek (SLUB) Dresden“ entstanden. Er umfasst detaillierte Beschreibungen von insgesamt 202 Handschriften (166 Texthandschriften und 36 Handschriften archivalischen Charakters). Gemäß den bewährten „Richtlinien Handschriftenkatalogisierung“ werden alle kodikologischen, historischen und inhaltlichen Aspekte jeder Handschrift auf dem aktuellen Stand der Forschung berücksichtigt. In einer ausführlichen Einleitung werden Geschichte und Zusammensetzung der Dresdner Sammlung dargestellt. Ein umfangreicher Registerteil (zitierte Handschriften und Drucke, Personen-, Orts- und Sachregister, diverse Initienregister, Nachweis der Sequenzen, Hymnen und Antiphonen) beschließt den Katalog

    A Scribal Fabrication? A Text-Critical Defense of Mark 16:9-20 as Divinely Inspired and Canonically Authoritative

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    The variant endings of Mark 16 continue to capture the interest of scholars and readers alike. The two main contenders for the authentic ending to Mark’s Gospel are the Short Ending (16:1-8) and the Longer Ending (16:1-20). Although some struggle with whether vv. 9-20 should even be read and preached in church, it is the goal of this paper to put such confusion and doubts to rest. This paper contends that the overall text-critical evidence (both external and internal) points to the authenticity of Mark’s Longer Ending. It also explores how the other variant endings entered the manuscript record and concludes with a final defense of the Longer Ending as the divinely inspired and canonically authoritative ending to Mark’s Gospel. As such, the Longer Ending, as with the rest of Scripture, remains “useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the servant of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work” (2 Tim. 3:16-17, NIV)
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