18,635 research outputs found

    Rudi Massart & Jonathan Trigg. “Vlaamse jongens, Duits front. De strijd aan het Oostfront in beeld”

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    Rudi Massart & Jonathan Trigg. “Vlaamse jongens, Duits front” “Het verhaal van de Vlaamse Oostfronters is Ă©Ă©n groot drama, doorspekt met naĂŻef idealisme, ontgoocheling en oorlogsmiserie, en eindigde met de uiteindelijke veroordeling door de Belgische staat”. Deze zin uit het Woord vooraf vat niet alleen de geschiedenis van de Vlaamse vrijwilligers aan het Oostfront goed samen, maar de boodschap loopt tevens als een rode draad doorheen het boek. In dit fraai uitgegeven fotoboek vindt men weli..

    Microalgal Growth and Nutrient Removal Efficiency in Non-Sterilised Primary Domestic Wastewater

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    Microalgae biomass can produce high quantities of biochemicals that can be used in various applications such as biodiesel, biogas, and aquaculture feed. The potential of sterilizing wastewater for microalgae-based wastewater treatment on a lab scale is well introduced. However, the operation cost for large-scale microalgae cultivation in wastewater treatment plants is high if using sterilising wastewater as the growth medium. The present study aimed to evaluate the growth of Scenedesmus sp., Chlorococcum aquaticum, Ankistrodesmus augustus, and Haematococcus pluvialis in non-sterilised domestic wastewater and their potential for pollutant removal in wastewater. The microalgae were cultivated in different concentrations of non-sterilised domestic wastewater, collected from a primary wastewater plant of a national sewerage company in Malaysia. Each species’ capacity for growth and the removal of pollutants were assessed. The results showed that the cell density, maximum biomass productivity, and biomass concentration of H. pluvialis, Scenedesmus sp., and C. aquaticum in 100% wastewater were significantly higher than the standard medium. Higher biomass concentration was obtained from H. pluvialis and C. aquaticum in 100% wastewater (815 g/L and 775.83 mg/L); nevertheless, Scenedesmus sp. in 100% wastewater yielded the highest specific growth rate (0.798 d−1) and the maximum biomass productivity (99.33 mg/L/day). Scenedesmus sp. in 100% wastewater also achieved better removal efficiency of total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), and ammonia (N-NH4) with more than 90%. All tested microalgae species successfully remove nitrogen, ammonium, and phosphorus and reach the concentration limits set by the Department of the Environment, Malaysia. This study demonstrated that microalgae can grow well in non-sterilised domestic wastewater while simultaneously removing nitrogen and phosphorus effectively

    Kwaliteit van leven:Wie bepaalt dat?

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    I Encontro de Mulheres na Tecnologia do Instituto Federal do Acre : celebrando Ada Lovelace na AmazĂŽnia

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    In acknowledgment of Ada Lovelace’s pioneering and her contribution to the area of technology and computing, the First Meeting of Women in Technology - Celebrating Ada Lovelace Day was an extension event conceived and carried out from a teaching experience developed in a class of a High-School Integrated Technician Training Course in Computing at the Federal Institute of Acre (IFAC) - Rio Branco Campus and had as main objectives to disseminate the importance and legacy of Ada Lovelace in the Amazon region, as well as discuss women’s role in areas that are predominantly marked by male presence. In the academic field, the meeting aimed to stimulate the access and to foster women’s presence into technical, technological, and higher education Science and Technology courses at IFAC. With this event, it was possible to realize that a significant portion of the academic and local community is interested in the issues of gender inequality and need to discuss them in the academic and professional fields. During the debates, it became clear that society continues to perpetuate gender stereotypes and that it is necessary to promote more events like this, seeking to give visibility and consider the great achievements of women who contributed to the development of Science and Technology, as well as encourage more women to enter STEM-related areas, as a way to deconstruct patriarchal and sexist behaviors practiced and naturalized over thousands of years.Em reconhecimento ao pioneirismo de Ada Lovelace e sua contribuição para a ĂĄrea da tecnologia e computação, o I Encontro de Mulheres na Tecnologia - Celebrando o Ada Lovelace Day foi um evento de extensĂŁo concebido e realizado a partir de uma experiĂȘncia de ensino desenvolvida em uma turma do curso tĂ©cnico integrado ao Ensino MĂ©dio em InformĂĄtica do Instituto Federal do Acre (IFAC) – Campus Rio Branco. O evento teve como objetivos principais divulgar a importĂąncia e o legado de Ada Lovelace no contexto amazĂŽnico, bem como discutir a atuação e o papel das mulheres em ĂĄreas que sĂŁo predominantemente marcadas pela presença masculina. No Ăąmbito acadĂȘmico, o encontro visou estimular o ingresso e valorizar a presença feminina nos cursos tĂ©cnicos, tecnolĂłgicos e superiores de CiĂȘncia e Tecnologia do IFAC. Com a realização desse evento, foi possĂ­vel perceber que uma significativa parcela da comunidade acadĂȘmica e externa se interessa pela temĂĄtica da desigualdade de gĂȘnero e tem necessidade de discuti-la no Ăąmbito acadĂȘmico e profissional. Durante os debates, ficou claro que a sociedade continua perpetuando estereĂłtipos de gĂȘnero e que Ă© necessĂĄrio promover mais eventos similares a esse, buscando dar visibilidade e valorizar os grandes feitos de mulheres que contribuĂ­ram para o desenvolvimento da CiĂȘncia e Tecnologia, bem como incentivar o ingresso de mais mulheres em ĂĄreas relacionadas Ă  CiĂȘncia, Tecnologia, MatemĂĄtica e Engenharia como forma de desconstruir comportamentos patriarcais e sexistas praticados e naturalizados ao longo de milhares de anos

    Identifying and responding to people with mild learning disabilities in the probation service

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    It has long been recognised that, like many other individuals, people with learningdisabilities find their way into the criminal justice system. This fact is not disputed. Whathas been disputed, however, is the extent to which those with learning disabilities arerepresented within the various agencies of the criminal justice system and the ways inwhich the criminal justice system (and society) should address this. Recently, social andlegislative confusion over the best way to deal with offenders with learning disabilities andmental health problems has meant that the waters have become even more muddied.Despite current government uncertainty concerning the best way to support offenders withlearning disabilities, the probation service is likely to continue to play a key role in thesupervision of such offenders. The three studies contained herein aim to clarify the extentto which those with learning disabilities are represented in the probation service, toexamine the effectiveness of probation for them and to explore some of the ways in whichprobation could be adapted to fit their needs.Study 1 and study 2 showed that around 10% of offenders on probation in Kent appearedto have an IQ below 75, putting them in the bottom 5% of the general population. Study 3was designed to assess some of the support needs of those with learning disabilities in theprobation service, finding that many of the materials used by the probation service arelikely to be too complex for those with learning disabilities to use effectively. To addressthis, a model for service provision is tentatively suggested. This is based on the findings ofthe three studies and a pragmatic assessment of what the probation service is likely to becapable of achieving in the near future

    Die problematiek rondom die lied van die NG Kerk: enkele bevindings vanut 'n sosiaal - wetenskapleke invalshoek

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    This article investigates viewpoints regarding the hymn of the Dutch Reformed Church over the lase few decades by way of a document analysis of polemics from Die Kerkbode, the official publication of the DRC. Historically, there has always been conflict around the hymnic tradition of the Dutch Reformed Church, manifesting specifically as resistance against the official church-hymn. The longing for a simpler, experience-oriented hymn was stimulated especially by rhe influence of 19rhcentury Revival hymnody, a tendency still applying roday. An analysis of the polemics involved reveals that the duality within the hymnic practice of the DRC has co do particularly with two clashing types of devoutness within the church. Those opposing the official church-hymn are particularly burdened by the "unsingabilicy" of the melodies, as well as the fact char these hymns are foreign to the field of experience of the 20th-century person. The thesabilicy of an ecclesiastical identification with contemporary secular culture is however a complex question which also involves controversy regarding the retention of the true reformed nature of the church

    Metaphors of London fog, smoke and mist in Victorian and Edwardian Art and Literature

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    Julian Wolfreys has argued that after 1850 writers employed stock images of the city without allowing them to transform their texts. This thesis argues, on the contrary, that metaphorical uses of London fog were complex and subtle during the Victorian and Edwardian periods, at least until 1914. Fog represented, in particular, formlessness and the dissolution of boundaries. Examining the idea of fog in literature, verse, newspaper accounts and journal articles, as well as in the visual arts, as part of a common discourse about London and the state of its inhabitants, this thesis charts how the metaphorical appropriation of this idea changed over time. Four of Dickens's novels are used to track his use of fog as part of a discourse of the natural and unnatural in individual and society, identifying it with London in progressively more negative terms. Visual representations of fog by Constable, Turner, Whistler, Monet, Markino, O'Connor, Roberts and Wyllie and Coburn showed an increasing readiness to engage with this discourse. Social tensions in the city in the 1880s were articulated in art as well as in fiction. Authors like Hay and Barr showed the destruction of London by its fog because of its inhabitants' supposed degeneracy. As the social threat receded, apocalyptic scenarios gave way to a more optimistic view in the work of Owen and others. Henry James used fog as a metaphorical representation of the boundaries of gendered behaviour in public, and the problems faced by women who crossed them. The dissertation also examines fog and individual transgression, in novels and short stories by Lowndes, Stevenson, Conan Doyle and Joseph Conrad. After 1914, fog was no more than a crude signifier of Victorian London in literature, film and, later, television, deployed as a cliche instead of the subtle metaphorical idea discussed in this thesis

    Every man has his price: Kant's argument for universal radical evil

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    ABSTRACT Kant famously claims that we have all freely chosen evil. This paper offers a novel account of the much-debated justification for this claim. I reconstruct Kant’s argument from his affirmation that we all have a price – we can all succumb to temptation. I argue that this follows a priori from a theoretical principle of the Critique of Pure Reason, namely that all empirical powers have a finite, changeable degree, an intensive magnitude. Because of this, our reason can always be overpowered by sensible inclinations. Kant moreover holds that this necessary feature of our moral psychology should not have been the case: We ought to instead be like the divine human being, for whom the moral law yields a greater incentive than any possible temptation. On Kant’s view, we are thus responsible for having a price, and the synthetic a priori fact that we do proves that we each made an initial choice of evil

    The crisis of cultural authority in museums : contesting human remains in the collections of Britain

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    Museums in Britain have displayed and researched human remains since the eighteenth century. However, in the last two decades human remains in collections have become subject to claims and controversies. Firstly, human remains associated with acquisition during the colonial period have become increasingly difficult to retain and have been transfered to culturally affiliated overseas indigenous groups. Secondly, a group of British Pagans have formed to make claims on ancient human remains in collections. Thirdly, human remains that are not requested by any community group, and of all ages, have become the focus of concerns expressed about their treatment by members of the profession. A discourse arguing for 'respect' has emerged, which argues that all human remains should be treated with new care. The claims made on human remains have been vigourously but differentially contested by members of the sector, who consider the human remains to be unique research objects. This thesis charts the influences at play on the contestation over human remains and examines its construction. The academic literature tends to understand changes to museums as a result of external factors. This thesis argues that this problem is influenced by a crisis of legitimacy and establishes that there are strong internal influences. Through a weak social constructionist approach I demonstrate that the issue has been promoted by influential members of the sector as part of a broader attempt to distance themselves from their foundational role, as a consequence of a crisis of cultural authority stimulated by external and internal factors. The symbolic character of human remains in locating this problem is informed by the unique properties of dead bodies and is influenced by the significance of the body as a scientific object; its association with identity work and as a site of political struggle, in the high modem period

    Examination of a Brief, Self-Paced Online Self-Compassion Intervention Targeting Intuitive Eating and Body Image Outcomes among Men and Women

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    Ideals for appearance and body image are pervasive in Western culture in which men and women are portrayed with unrealistic and often unattainable standards (Ferguson, 2013; Martin, 2010). Exposure and reinforcement have created a culture of social acceptance and internalization of these ideals, contributing to pervasive body image disturbance (i.e., body dissatisfaction; Fallon et al., 2014; Stice, 2001; Thompson & Stice, 2001; Thompson et al., 1999). Research has suggested that body dissatisfaction is expressed differently across sexes (Grossbard et al., 2008), with attention to thin ideals among women and muscular ideals among men. Body dissatisfaction has been linked to numerous poor outcomes, including dieting, unhealthy weight control behaviors, disordered eating, and increased psychopathology. Although dieting is one of the primary mechanisms employed to reduce body dissatisfaction (Thompson & Stice, 2001), research has shown that such efforts are contraindicated as dieting predicts weight gain over time (PietilÀinen et al., 2012) as well as preoccupation with food, disordered eating, eating disorders, emotional distress, and higher body dissatisfaction (Grabe et al., 2007; Johnson & Wardle, 2005; Neumark- Sztianer et al., 2006; Paxton et al., 2006; Tiggemann, 2005). Restrictive dietary behaviors suppress physiological cues to eat (e.g., hunger) that presents a vulnerability to eating in response to alternative cues, both internal (e.g., emotions) and external (e.g., availability of food). Intuitive eating is a non-restrictive approach to eating that encourages adherence to internal physiological cues to indicate when, what, and how much to eat (Tylka, 2006) and has demonstrated an inverse relationship with disordered eating, restrained eating, food preoccupation, dieting, body dissatisfaction, and negative affect (Bruce & Ricciardelli, 2016). Self-compassion, relating to oneself in a caring and supportive manner (Neff, 2003a), has been proposed as a pathway to increase intuitive eating and reduce body dissatisfaction (Neff & Knox, 2017; Schoenefeld & Webb, 2013; Webb & Hardin, 2016). Research has highlighted the efficacy of self-compassion interventions in addressing weight-related concerns (Rahimi-Ardabili et al., 2018) as well as brief experiential exercises for reducing body dissatisfaction (Moffitt et al., 2018). Additionally, there is a growing body of evidence supporting the efficacy of internet-based self-compassion interventions (Mak et al., 2018; Kelman et al., 2018; Nadeau et al., 2020). The purpose of the current study was to examine the effectiveness of a brief, self-paced online self-compassion intervention targeting body image and adaptive eating behaviors and potential mechanisms of change (e.g., self-compassion and psychological flexibility) among undergraduate men and women. This study also examined outcomes among men and women in the area of self-compassion, body dissatisfaction, and intuitive eating as research has highlighted the need to determine who benefits more from self-compassion interventions (Rahimi-Ardabili et al., 2018). The study compared a one-hour, self-guided online self-compassion intervention to an active control condition. The intervention was comprised of psychoeducation, experiential exercises, and mindfulness practice designed to increase self-compassion surrounding body image and eating behaviors. In contrast, the active control condition consisted of self-care recommendations and self-assessments for nutrition, exercise, and sleep. The study was administered over three parts (e.g., baseline, intervention, and follow-up) in which variables of interest were assessed at each time point. Outcome variables included self-compassion, intuitive eating, disordered eating, body appreciation, muscle dysmorphia, internalized weight bias, fear of self-compassion, and psychological inflexibility. Participants were randomized on a 2:1 intervention to control ratio at the second time point in order to make comparisons between groups while simultaneously having sufficient power for examining mediation and moderation within the treatment condition. Overall, 1023 individuals (64% women, Mage = 18.9, 67.4% white) signed informed consent and participated in at least one part of the study whereas 101 participants (71% women, Mage = 19.3, 71% white) completed all three study portions. As predicted, self-compassion was correlated with all variables of interest, and all study variables were correlated with each other (p < .01). In contrast to hypothesized outcomes, the self-compassion condition failed to demonstrate improvements across time or between conditions on all study outcomes. These results persisted when participants were screened for levels of intuitive eating as well. Contrary to prediction, internalized weight bias, muscle dysmorphia, and fear of self-compassion demonstrated increased levels within the intervention condition and decreases in the control condition. There were significant gender differences on multiple outcome variables, with men demonstrating higher levels of self-compassion and body appreciation whereas women endorsed higher levels of disordered eating, internalized weight bias, muscle dysmorphia, and psychological inflexibility. Additionally, there were significant gender interactions for internalized weight bias, body appreciation, and muscle dysmorphia. The interactions existed such that men demonstrated increased internalized weight bias and muscle dysmorphia across time whereas women displayed decreased weight bias and muscle dysmorphia. The opposite pattern was found within body appreciation; women demonstrated increased body appreciation across time while men reported decreased levels of body appreciation. Despite this studyñ€ℱs intent to examine underlying mechanisms of change, the condition in which participants were randomly selected did not have any relationship, positive or negative, with the outcome variables of interest. As such, mediation within the current study was not conducted as it would violate statistical assumptions required to examine this hypothesis. Finally, upon examining the moderating relationship of fear of self-compassion between self-compassion and outcome variables, there were main effects for self-compassion on intuitive eating, emotional eating, internalized weight bias, body appreciation, and psychological inflexibility as well as main effects of fear of self-compassion on psychological inflexibility. There were significant interactions for intuitive eating and emotional eating, such that as fear of self-compassion increased, the effect of self-compassion on intuitive eating decreased, and the effect of self-compassion on reducing emotional eating behaviors decreased. Overall, the brief, self-paced online intervention delivered in the current study did not prove to be an effective means for improving self-compassion, intuitive eating, body appreciation, disordered eating, muscle dysmorphia, and psychological inflexibility. Nevertheless, the relationships between self-compassion and outcome variables of interest throughout the study mirror that of the existing literature. Findings from this study, in general, were also consistent with differences between men and women despite a gap in the research for intervention outcomes. Although fear of self-compassion demonstrated a moderating effect on the relationship between self-compassion and intuitive eating as well as emotional eating, this does not account for the lack of significant findings. The context surrounding this study, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, provided a considerable challenge to examining the efficacy of the current intervention. However, the findings of this study suggest future research will likely need to identify ways to enhance the delivery of experiential exercises that encourage engagement, provide a safe and warm environment for participants, and create flexibility and willingness surrounding painful and difficult experiences in order to undermine internalized and socially accepted beliefs about body image and eating behaviors