147,856 research outputs found

    Cognitive distortions as social practices: An examination of cognitive distortions in sex offender treatment froma discursive psychology perpective

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    This article presents a critique of the concept of cognitive distortion as it has been developed within the domain of sex-offender treatment programme theory and practice. Drawing upon a discursive psychology perspective, it is argued that cognitive distortions should not be considered as mental entities but as social practices. This argument is illustrated by closely examining how offenders’ accounts of their offences during sex offender treatment sessions were organised. Recordings and transcriptions of treatment group sessions were analysed for the occurrence of regular patterns of talk and interaction. This analysis focused on how minimisation was achieved through well documented rhetorical and conversational devices (conversational repair, narrative contrast devices). An orientation to cognitive distortions as a resource was also illustrated through examining its use by group members to admonish a focus offender and through a narrative reflexivity device. These findings suggest that the notion of cognitive distortion and its role in treatment settings should be reconsidered. Furthermore, it is suggested that a discursive psychology perspective can also make a highly relevant contribution to the evaluation of treatment group processes and that further research is needed in order to examine in detail the way that treatment groups are socially organised

    Inductive benchmarking for purely functional data structures

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    Every designer of a new data structure wants to know how well it performs in comparison with others. But finding, coding and testing applications as benchmarks can be tedious and time-consuming. Besides, how a benchmark uses a data structure may considerably affect its apparent efficiency, so the choice of applications may bias the results. We address these problems by developing a tool for inductive benchmarking. This tool, Auburn, can generate benchmarks across a wide distribution of uses. We precisely define 'the use of a data structure', upon which we build the core algorithms of Auburn: how to generate a benchmark from a description of use, and how to extract a description of use from an application. We then apply inductive classification techniques to obtain decision trees for the choice between competing data structures. We test Auburn by benchmarking several implementations of three common data structures: queues, random-access lists and heaps. These and other results show Auburn to be a useful and accurate tool, but they also reveal some limitations of the approach

    The philosophy of Austrian economics

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    Review of The Philosophical Origins of Austrian Economics, by David Gordon. Auburn, Alabama: Ludwig von Mises Institute, 1993

    Auburn Seminary - Auburn, Kentucky (SC 314)

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    Finding aid and scan (Click on additional files below) for Manuscripts Small Collection 314. Shares of stock, 1885 (2); letters concerning Auburn Seminary, Auburn, Kentucky, 1900-1968 (3); teacher’s contract, 1907; 1956 histories of seminary (2); and letters and article about the Auburn Seminary Alumni Association, 1963-1966 (3)

    Book Review

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    Review of: SHELDON KRIMSKY & ALONZO PLOUGH, ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS: COMMUNICATING Risks AS A SOCIAL PROCESS. (Auburn House 1988) [333 pp.] Acknowledgements, bibliographies, case chronologies, figures, foreword, glossaries of acronyms, index, notes. LC: 88-14467; ISBN: 0-8659-187-8. [$18,95 paper. 88 Post Road West, Westport CT 06881.

    Pontbriand, Fern oral history interview

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    Fern Pontbriand was born August 2, 1928 in Auburn, Maine. He attended the University of Maine at Orono, graduating in 1950 with a degree in business. He returned to Auburn to work in the family hardware store and gas station, then spent two years in the service from 1951 to 1953 as an office personnel clerk for the Corps of Engineers. He again returned to Auburn to the family business. He ran for the State Legislature in 1960 and won. In 1967, he began working at Lost Valley Ski Area in Auburn and became a partner in 1975 and then the owner in 1988. Pontbriand was also involved in various civic activities around the Lewiston and Auburn areas, such as the Chamber of Commerce and the Rotary Club. He passed away in 2003

    The Neglected Firm Effect on Stockholder Returns

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    John S. Jahera,, Jr., is an Associate Professor of Finance at Auburn University. William P. Lloyd is Professor and Head of the Department of Finance at Auburn University. Daniel E. Page is an Associate Professor of Finance at Auburn University

    Exploring excited states of Pt(ii) diimine catecholates for photoinduced charge separation

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    The intense absorption in the red part of the visible range, and the presence of a lowest charge-transfer excited state, render Platinum(II) diimine catecholates potentially promising candidates for light-driven applications. Here, we test their potential as sensitisers in dye-sensitised solar cells and apply, for the first time, the sensitive method of photoacoustic calorimetry (PAC) to determine the efficiency of electron injection in the semiconductor from a photoexcited Pt(II) complex. Pt(II) catecholates containing 2,2′-bipyridine-4,4′-di-carboxylic acid (dcbpy) have been prepared from their parent iso-propyl ester derivatives, complexes of 2,2′-bipyridine-4,4′-di-C(O)OiPr, (COOiPr)2bpy, and their photophysical and electrochemical properties studied. Modifying diimine Pt(II) catecholates with carboxylic acid functionality has allowed for the anchoring of these complexes to thin film TiO2, where steric bulk of the complexes (3,5-ditBu-catechol vs. catechol) has been found to significantly influence the extent of monolayer surface coverage. Dye-sensitised solar cells using Pt(dcbpy)(tBu2Cat), 1a, and Pt(dcbpy)(pCat), 2a, as sensitisers, have been assembled, and photovoltaic measurements performed. The observed low, 0.02–0.07%, device efficiency of such DSSCs is attributed at least in part to the short excited state lifetime of the sensitisers, inherent to this class of complexes. The lifetime of the charge-transfer ML/LLCT excited state in Pt((COOiPr)2bpy)(3,5-di-tBu-catechol) was determined as 250 ps by picosecond time-resolved infrared spectroscopy, TRIR. The measured increase in device efficiency for 2a over 1a is consistent with a similar increase in the quantum yield of charge separation (where the complex acts as a donor and the semiconductor as an acceptor) determined by PAC, and is also proportional to the increased surface loading achieved with 2a. It is concluded that the relative efficiency of devices sensitised with these particular Pt(II) species is governed by the degree of surface coverage. Overall, this work demonstrates the use of Pt(diimine)(catecholate) complexes as potential photosensitizers in solar cells, and the first application of photoacoustic calorimetry to Pt(II) complexes in general
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