34,210 research outputs found

    La estética fabril: receptora de influencias e inspiradora de otros géneros arquitectónicos

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    La arquitectura industrial impulsó unas tipologías propias en el marco del gran cambio que experimentó el panorama técnico productivo y social desde finales del siglo XVIII. No obstante no fueron pocas las influencias que, al principio, recibió de la arquitectura edilicia o noble. Este artículo versa sobre la interconexión y transferencias del lenguaje arquitectónico habidas entre una y otra clase de arquitectura, acudiendo empíricamente a casos emblemáticos, fundamentalmente del siglo XX, que evidencian esa rica interacción, donde eficacia y simbolismo, utilitariedad y artisticidad se dan la mano; demostrándose así cómo la iconografía industrial manifiesta una peculiar síntesis entre el arte y las renovaciones técnicas, creando una peculiar estética e inspirando a otros géneros arquitectónicos. (A

    ARQUITECTURA NOBLE [Material gráfico]

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    EUROPACopia digital. Madrid : Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte, 201

    ARQUITECTURA NOBLE [Material gráfico]

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    EUROPACopia digital. Madrid : Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte, 201

    Contemporaneity of Spain rural architecture intervention and economic sustainability

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    From the second half of the 20th century onwards, Spanish rural architecture has suffered a transformation regarding its farming and ranching model. The economic unsustainability of the family economy has led to further action for the viability of the system. This transformation has meant a new mindset to the owner of the farm and livestock, who had to consider whether continuity was given to the exploitation or the countryside/field was changed and adapted to a new use such as rural tourism, restoration, or for collective uses such as holiday camps, cultural centers or others. Owners who have decided to continue the exploitation they were developing have had to industrialize it and thus extend it in a considerable percentage. That has meant the need to intervene significantly in the rural architectural heritage. A wide and varied range of results has been obtained in these interventions: from the fossilization or destruction of assets, to the achievement of harmony and coexistence between tradition and modernity in this heritage, the result of which represents the contemporaneity of rural architecture.Peer ReviewedPostprint (published version

    Frank Lloyd Wright. Earthwork for a symbiotic landscape

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    En los años veinte Wright tiene que trabajar en las laderas de California con nuevas estrategias proyectivas, sus casas ya no pueden ser horizontales y tienen que adaptarse a la pendiente. No obstante, él no renuncia a que se extiendan por la empinada parcela recurriendo al uso del bancal. También emerge con potencia la idea de hacer el suelo, en el que deja impresa la retícula con la que controla el proyecto, entonces, el hormigón aparece como el material del pavimento confiriendo a esa superficie un valor metafórico. Este aspecto, el proceso de geometrización y la abstracción entrarán en juego como instrumentos de análisis y para proyectar con el paisaje, para desentrañar su estructura interna y encontrar un orden natural con la arquitectura. Los proyectos que realiza en el desierto a partir de esos años denotan un intenso trabajo telúrico. Muros, bancales y plataformas fueron instrumentos en su interpretación de la topografía. Retículas ortogonales y giradas o angulosas analizan el territorio o se acoplan con él para conseguir la mejor asociación de sus edificios. También los materiales son incorporados con naturalidad exponiendo su vinculación al lugar y sus cualidades térreas. La obsesión por establecer vínculos entre lo próximo y lo lejano, el suelo y el horizonte, el recorrido y el tiempo, incluido el transcultural, y la percepción múltiple, está en su obra. Y, especialmente, la manipulación de ese elemento fundamental que es la tierra.In the 1920s, Wright found that working on California slopes made new projective strategies necessary. No longer could his houses be horizontal: they had to adapt to hillside inclinations. Nevertheless, he refused not to let them extend over the steep lots, resorting to the terrace. The idea of working the land also emerged powerfully: the grid with which he controlled the project was impressed into the concrete and he then made it the paving material, giving the surface a metaphoric value. This issue -the process of geometrization and abstraction- would be used as tools to analyze and to design with landscape, to unravel its internal order and find a natural order with architecture. From then on, Wright’s desert projects revealed intense telluric work. Walls, terraces and platforms are instruments for his interpretation of the topography. Orthogonal grids, twisted or angular, explore the territory or connect with it to make his buildings more cohesive. The materials are also incorporated naturally, emphasizing their link to the site and its earthy qualities. The obsession with establishing connections between the near and the far, the land and the horizon, the path and time, even including cross-cultural and multiple perceptions, are all palpable in Wright’s work. And especially present is his manipulation of that fundamental element: the land

    Materiales y tecnologías en la Arquitectura Modernista: casos de estudio de decoración de fachadas en Italia, Portugal y Polonia persiguiendo una restauración racional

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    The results of a diagnostic survey on the materials of representative Art Nouveau buildings in Italy, Portugal and Poland are here presented and compared, as a contribution to their understanding and, hence, to support compatible restoration. In particular, the facade decorations were investigated for the appraisal of their materials and technologies, often neglected in current maintenance/restoration works and so cancelled, leading to a severe loss in architectural image. The ongoing diagnostic campaign, in collaboration among different universities, is aimed to set up a database on materials and technologies of Art Nouveau facade decorations at a European scale, as a technical-scientific background for the highlighting of preservation guidelines

    The Ciborium or Lantern Tower of Valencia Cathedral: Geometry, Construction and Stability

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    Early 18th century treatise writer Tomas Vicente Tosca1 includes in his Tratado de la montea y cortes de Canteria [On Masonry Design and Stone Cutting], what is an important documentary source about the lantern of Valencia Cathedral. Tosca writes about this lantern as an example of vaulting over cross arches without the need of buttresses. A geometrical description is followed by an explanation of the structural behavior which manifests his deep understanding of the mechanics of masonry structures. He tries to demonstrate the absence of buttresses supporting his thesis on the appropriate distribution of loads which will reduce the "empujos" [horizontal thrusts] to the point of not requiring more than the thickness of the walls to stand (Tosca [1727] 1992, 227-230). The present article2 assesses T osca' s appreciation studying how loads and the thrusts they generate are transmitted through the different masonry elements that constitute this ciborium. In order to do so, we first present a geometrical analysis and make considerations regarding its materials and construction methods to, subsequently, analyze its stability adopting an equilibrium approach within the theoretical framework of the lower bound limit analysis

    Reflexiones desde la enseñanza y el aprendizaje de la arquitectura

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    DOCEO nace como una idea del Decano del Departamento de Arquitectura y Diseño de la Universidad de la Costa, Samuel Padilla-Llano para divulgar todos los procesos creativos y las experiencias exitosas en el noble ejercicio de enseñanza y aprendizaje de la Arquitectura y el Diseño que se dan a través de las dinámicas en el Aula

    Vitrúvio Tratado de Arquitectura

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    Recensão de "Vitrúvio. Tratado de Arquitectura", com tradução do latim, introdução e notas de M. Justino Maciel e ilustrações de Thomas Noble Howe. Lisboa, IST Press, 2006, 454 pp. ISBN 972-8469-43-8

    The long way towards the individualism. The Palace of the Counts of Luque in Granada in the beginnings of the Contemporary Age

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    The present work is an approximation to two apparently distant subjects as they are the artistic demonstrations of the nobility like mechanism of expression of the power, as well as the History of the Family. And it is that the excellent documentation of the county of Luque has allowed me to approach to the analysis of the familiar evolution of the nobility through the architectural structure of its homes, deducing the internal structure of the home addition (its extensive or nuclear character), as well as the size of the same and his unambiguous direction to the individualism to beginnings of the 19th century. Besides, the own architecture and its different elements have constituted in this example like expressive synthesis of the way of life of the nobility and its always present longing of exhibition publishes of the power.El presente trabajo es una aproximación a dos temas aparentemente alejados entre sí como son las manifestaciones artísticas del estamento nobiliario como mecanismo de expresión del poder, así como la Historia de la Familia. Y es que la excelente documentación del condado de Luque me ha permitido acercarme al análisis de la evolución familiar de la nobleza a través de la estructura arquitectónica de sus hogares, deduciendo la estructura interna del agregado doméstico (su carácter extenso o nuclear), así como el tamaño del mismo y su inequívoca direccionalidad hacia el individualismo a comienzos del siglo XIX. Además, la propia arquitectura y sus diferentes elementos se han constituido en este ejemplo como expresivas síntesis del modo de vida nobiliario y su siempre presente anhelo de exposición publica del poder
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