116,790 research outputs found

    Aesthetics and class interests: Rethinking Kant

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    This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in Third Text, 28(2), 137 - 148, 2014, copyright Taylor & Francis, available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09528822.2014.890788.Immanuel Kant's philosophy of the aesthetic is typically celebrated by bourgeois critics as a transcendence of the social, an interpretation largely accepted by anglophone Marxism. This article rethinks Kant's concept of ‘interest’ around the question of social compulsion. The ‘pure judgement’ involved in aesthetic production and reception is understood as providing an institutionalized space for reflection on and not merely reflection of social determinations. Drawing on Kojin Karatani's reading of Kant, the article stresses the communicative dimension of the aesthetic in relation to a universal that is not given. The Kantian aesthetic can be read as one which inscribes the classed other into its very form. The novelty of this reading is highlighted by comparing the work of Pierre Bourdieu and Jacques Ranciùre. The article argues that their respective sociological and philosophical positions do not adequately assess whether practices are identical to their immediate conditions of existence

    Modern Arts of the Qur’an and its Aesthetic Reception of the Qur’anic Marble Inscription in Indonesia

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    This article explores the aesthetic reception of the modern marble inscription of the Qur'an and its underlying meaning. The study uses field research and locates its research locus at Masjid Al-Muhtaram, Kajen, Pekalongan Regency where the marble stone is kept. The research adopts Wolfgang Iser's reception theory to analyse the meaning of the marble stone Al-Qur'an from an aesthetic standpoint. The results show that the marble stone inscription of the Qur'an was made by Nur Hidayat Siba, starting in 2011 until 2021, and has reached 13 juz of the Qur'an. The marble measures 60 x 90 cm with a thickness of 2 cm, and is written with beautiful khat and gold colour wrapping on every khat. The inscription provides three meanings of aesthetic reception. Firstly, the objective meaning of the Qur'an as a holy book must be preserved through beautiful media as a form of appreciation for the greatness of the Qur'an. Secondly, the expressive meaning is used as a medium of Islamic da'wa, and spirituality increases faith and religious aspects for those who see and read it. Finally, the meaning of documentary serves as a form of habitus to always interact with the Qur'an in everyday life. These three meanings illustrate the diversity of meanings in the aesthetic reception of the marble Al-Qur'an. The study contributes to the body of knowledge by shedding light on the significance of aesthetic reception of the Qur'an and highlights the importance of preserving the holy book through beautiful media

    Hermeneutics of Reception by Hans Robert Jauss: An Alternative Approach Toward Quranic Studies

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    This research attempts to offer hermeneutics of reception by Hans Robert Jauss as an alternative to understanding the Quran. Starting from the concern of some contemporary Islamic thinkers about the limitations of the classical Quran in overcoming human problems that are always dynamic, hermeneutics has become a much-demanded approach. In addition, the methodological principle of classical interpretation tends to forget the role of human participation in interpreting the Quran. Nevertheless, the practice of the reception approach has stagnated in the study of the living Quran, which only performs a simple analysis of a tradition into three reception typologies: exegesis, functional, and aesthetic, without any more profound critique. This article aims to describe Hans Robert Jauss’ hermeneutics of reception as a relevant offer to fill the void of Quranic studies from the reader's perspective. For this reason, this article is compiled using qualitative methods based on literature studies so that essential aspects that need to be considered as material for hermeneutics of reception analysis can be well elaborated. There are three crucial aspects to the hermeneutics of reception; the Horizon of expectations, the three levels of reading, and the validity of the aesthetic experience

    Hermeneutics of Reception by Hans Robert Jauss: An Alternative Approach Toward Quranic Studies

    Get PDF
    This research attempts to offer hermeneutics of reception by Hans Robert Jauss as an alternative to understanding the Quran. Starting from the concern of some contemporary Islamic thinkers about the limitations of the classical Quran in overcoming human problems that are always dynamic, hermeneutics has become a much-demanded approach. In addition, the methodological principle of classical interpretation tends to forget the role of human participation in interpreting the Quran. Nevertheless, the practice of the reception approach has stagnated in the study of the living Quran, which only performs a simple analysis of a tradition into three reception typologies: exegesis, functional, and aesthetic, without any more profound critique. This article aims to describe Hans Robert Jauss’ hermeneutics of reception as a relevant offer to fill the void of Quranic studies from the reader's perspective. For this reason, this article is compiled using qualitative methods based on literature studies so that essential aspects that need to be considered as material for hermeneutics of reception analysis can be well elaborated. There are three crucial aspects to the hermeneutics of reception; the Horizon of expectations, the three levels of reading, and the validity of the aesthetic experience

    Determinants of impact : towards a better understanding of encounters with the arts

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    The article argues that current methods for assessing the impact of the arts are largely based on a fragmented and incomplete understanding of the cognitive, psychological and socio-cultural dynamics that govern the aesthetic experience. It postulates that a better grasp of the interaction between the individual and the work of art is the necessary foundation for a genuine understanding of how the arts can affect people. Through a critique of philosophical and empirical attempts to capture the main features of the aesthetic encounter, the article draws attention to the gaps in our current understanding of the responses to art. It proposes a classification and exploration of the factors—social, cultural and psychological—that contribute to shaping the aesthetic experience, thus determining the possibility of impact. The ‘determinants of impact’ identified are distinguished into three groups: those that are inherent to the individual who interacts with the artwork; those that are inherent to the artwork; and ‘environmental factors’, which are extrinsic to both the individual and the artwork. The article concludes that any meaningful attempt to assess the impact of the arts would need to take these ‘determinants of impact’ into account, in order to capture the multidimensional and subjective nature of the aesthetic experience

    Tipologi Ideologi Resepsi Al Quran di Kalangan Masyarakat Sumenep Madura

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    Islamic teachings in the Quran are fused in the community life of West Pakandangan Village, district Bluto at Sumenep Madura. It is not only expressed through reading and exploring the moral messages, or is treated as magical and powerful objects, but also is an aesthetic reception. For instance using a piece of written verses as accessories at homes, mosques and others. This research is qualitative in nature, employing both literary review and field research. It uses phenomenological analysis and content analysis. The findings show; first, the ideological typology of Quran reception in West Pakandangan involves exegetical, aesthetic and functional receptions. Second, the surface structure of reception symbols presents the religious community. While the deep structure exists in the form of social harmony, social stratification, educational media and pragmatic logical structure on the miracle of Quran. Thirdly, the typology reception of West Pakandangan society in the discourse of Quran and commentary can be categorized as a realist and transformative interpretation, that is dialectic and negotiated interpretation with the social context developed in the community

    "Darling Look! It’s a Banksy!” Viewers’ Material Engagement with Street Art and Graffiti

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    This chapter examines viewers’ affective encounters with street art and graffiti, with attention to the critical framework provided by Ranciùre (2004), whose work suggests a method for investigating our aesthetic practices of participation (or exclusion) and looking (or not looking). Viewers’ material engagements with street art and graffiti represent a disruption of the expectable order that demonstrates that what we see, according to our usual division of the sensible, could be otherwise – thus revealing the contingency of our perceptual and conceptual order. Our examination of the visual dialogue on just one city wall highlights the temporal, site-specific and participatory elements of graffiti and street art as a form of communication, or visual dialogue. We demonstrate that viewers are not passive recipients of the artist’s intentions, but are instead competent social actors capable of understanding, appreciating, and actively and materially engaging with street art and graffiti

    A Technician's Dream? The Critical Reception of 3-D Films in Britain

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    Recent debates about the role of 3-D within cinema (and other media) have contained the traces of a largely anti-stereoscopic agenda that can be traced back to critical responses to 3-D in the 1950s. This article considers how British film reviews from the 1950s and 1980s established potent terms of discussion around the 3-D technology, its potential aesthetic development, and the role of stereoscopy within cinema. Exploring the parameters that the original reviewers set in place concerning the 3-D aesthetic, notably claims around realism, novelty, and gimmickry, the article argues that the language and terms of 1950s British film reviewers have worked to set an agenda that resonates through both the 1980s 3-D revival and modern day digital 3-D

    The American legacy of "Prufrock"

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    The essay cluster brings together leading Eliot and modernist scholars to commemorate the centenary of the publication of “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock.” Together, they reexamine the circumstances surrounding the poem’s original publication, recontextualize its allusions, and reconstruct its reception over the past century. Patterson examines the American roots of Eliot’s ironic love song, often considered through the lenses of European poetry and philosophy. Dickey returns to the poem’s early reception to challenge the now established narrative that “Prufrock” shocked early readers, showing how often his contemporaries associated the poem with Decadent or Aesthetic precedents. Ricks returns to the poem’s first publication in Poetry Magazine to understand how the poem’s first readers would have encountered the text and how this context would have mediated the reader’s experience. Cuda situates Eliot’s poem vis-à-vis current discourses on late modernism and demonstrates how lateness and belatedness feature centrally in the poem. Finally, Schuchard examines Eliot’s literary and religious allusions, showing that his allusive method is in full force even in his first poetic masterpiece
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