785 research outputs found

    Experimental demonstration of digital predistortion for orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing-radio over fibre links near laser resonance

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    Radio over fibre (RoF), an enabling technology for distribution of wireless broadband service signals through analogue optical links, suffers from non-linear distortion. Digital predistortion has been demonstrated as an effective approach to overcome the RoF non-linearity. However, questions remain as to how the approach performs close to laser resonance, a region of significant dynamic non-linearity, and how resilient the approach is to changes in input signal and link operating conditions. In this work, the performance of a digital predistortion approach is studied for directly modulated orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing RoF links operating from 2.47 to 3.7 GHz. It extends previous works to higher frequencies, and to higher quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) levels. In addition, the resilience of the predistortion approach to changes in modulation level of QAM schemes, and average power levels are investigated, and a novel predistortion training approach is proposed and demonstrated. Both memoryless and memory polynomial predistorter models, and a simple off-line least-squares-based identification method, are used, with excellent performance improvements demonstrated up to 3.0 GHz

    Increasing the talk-time of mobile radios with efficient linear transmitter architectures

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    Low-Complexity Sub-band Digital Predistortion for Spurious Emission Suppression in Noncontiguous Spectrum Access

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    Noncontiguous transmission schemes combined with high power-efficiency requirements pose big challenges for radio transmitter and power amplifier (PA) design and implementation. Due to the nonlinear nature of the PA, severe unwanted emissions can occur, which can potentially interfere with neighboring channel signals or even desensitize the own receiver in frequency division duplexing (FDD) transceivers. In this article, to suppress such unwanted emissions, a low-complexity sub-band DPD solution, specifically tailored for spectrally noncontiguous transmission schemes in low-cost devices, is proposed. The proposed technique aims at mitigating only the selected spurious intermodulation distortion components at the PA output, hence allowing for substantially reduced processing complexity compared to classical linearization solutions. Furthermore, novel decorrelation based parameter learning solutions are also proposed and formulated, which offer reduced computing complexity in parameter estimation as well as the ability to track time-varying features adaptively. Comprehensive simulation and RF measurement results are provided, using a commercial LTE-Advanced mobile PA, to evaluate and validate the effectiveness of the proposed solution in real world scenarios. The obtained results demonstrate that highly efficient spurious component suppression can be obtained using the proposed solutions

    Analysis of Internally Bandlimited Multistage Cubic-Term Generators for RF Receivers

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    Adaptive feedforward error cancellation applied to correct distortion arising from third-order nonlinearities in RF receivers requires low-noise low-power reference cubic nonidealities. Multistage cubic-term generators utilizing cascaded nonlinear operations are ideal in this regard, but the frequency response of the interstage circuitry can introduce errors into the cubing operation. In this paper, an overview of the use of cubic-term generators in receivers relative to other applications is presented. An interstage frequency response plan is presented for a receiver cubic-term generator and is shown to function for arbitrary three-signal third-order intermodulation generation. The noise of such circuits is also considered and is shown to depend on the total incoming signal power across a particular frequency band. Finally, the effects of the interstage group delay are quantified in the context of a relevant communication standard requirement

    Fiber link design considerations for cloud-Radio Access Networks

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    Analog radio over fiber (RoF) links may offer advantages for cloud-Radio Access Networks in terms of component cost, but the behavior of the distortion with large numbers of subcarriers needs to be understood. In this paper, this is presented in terms of the variation between subcarriers. Memory polynomial predistortion is also shown to compensate for RoF and wireless path distortion. Whether for digitized or analog links, it is shown that appropriate framing structure parameters must be used to assure performance, especially of time-division duplex systems

    A Digital Predistortion Scheme Exploiting Degrees-of-Freedom for Massive MIMO Systems

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    The primary source of nonlinear distortion in wireless transmitters is the power amplifier (PA). Conventional digital predistortion (DPD) schemes use high-order polynomials to accurately approximate and compensate for the nonlinearity of the PA. This is not practical for scaling to tens or hundreds of PAs in massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. There is more than one candidate precoding matrix in a massive MIMO system because of the excess degrees-of-freedom (DoFs), and each precoding matrix requires a different DPD polynomial order to compensate for the PA nonlinearity. This paper proposes a low-order DPD method achieved by exploiting massive DoFs of next-generation front ends. We propose a novel indirect learning structure which adapts the channel and PA distortion iteratively by cascading adaptive zero forcing precoding and DPD. Our solution uses a 3rd order polynomial to achieve the same performance as the conventional DPD using an 11th order polynomial for a 100x10 massive MIMO configuration. Experimental results show a 70% reduction in computational complexity, enabling ultra-low latency communications.Comment: IEEE International Conference on Communications 201

    A crosscorrelation predistorter using memory polynomials

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    Amplification of signals with fluctuating envelopes inevitably leads to distortion because of nonlinear behavior of the power amplifier (PA). Digital predistortion can counteract these nonlinear effects. In this paper, a digital predistortion architecture is presented which is based on the calculation of correlation functions using coarsely quantized signals. The crosscorrelation functions are transformed to the frequency domain and the spectra are used to calculate the coefficients of the predistorter memory polynomial. This method has reduced complexity and slightly improved average performance in comparison with existing schemes

    Mobile Phone Power Amplifier Linearity and Efficiency Enhancement Using Digital Predistortion

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    The new generation mobile communication systems using spectrum efficient linear modulation schemes (QPSK,8PSK,QAM)need linear power amplifiers in the transmission path to have good ACPR and EVM values. Linearization methods can be used to increase the linearity of the power amplifiers (PA).However,it is not reasonable o use complicated,power consuming and high cost systems. This paper presents a digital predistortion implementation for WCDMA signals using an FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array)as DSP and investigates the application of this system in handsets.The method applied requires minimum change in the conventional transmitter path configuration but considerable PAE improvement can be achieved

    Adaptive digital predistortion for linearization of power amplifier

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    Ankara : The Department of Electrical and electronics Engineering and the Institute of Engineering and Science of Bilkent University, 2009.Thesis (Master's) -- Bilkent University, 2009.Includes bibliographical references leaves 55.In most communication systems, power amplifiers are used to obtain high output power. The nonlinear characteristics of the power amplifier leads to the distortion of the output signal. This distortion affects the efficiency of the power amplifier. The way to reduce this effect is to linearize the power amplifier near the saturation region where it is nonlinear. The widely used technique for the linearization of power amplifiers is predistortion. The proposed technique for predistortion uses a LUT(look-up-table), a complex multiplier, an address calculator, delay elements and an adaptation logic. A new adaptation logic to update the LUT coefficients, is used. The predistorter is simulated in Matlab software using a baseband model for the power amplifier. 16-QAM baseband modulation is used to simulate the predistorter. In order to see the performance of the proposed predistorter, hardware logic is implemented in FPGA and experimental setup with RF circuits and RF power amplifier is used. For different LUT sizes, the algorithm is tested and for the LUT size of 64, nearly 15 dB improvement in power spectrum is observed. The LUT size of 64 is observed to be the optimal LUT size in the experiments.Şekerlisoy, BurakM.S

    Digital predistortion of RF amplifiers using baseband injection for mobile broadband communications

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    Radio frequency (RF) power amplifiers (PAs) represent the most challenging design parts of wireless transmitters. In order to be more energy efficient, PAs should operate in nonlinear region where they produce distortion that significantly degrades the quality of signal at transmitter’s output. With the aim of reducing this distortion and improve signal quality, digital predistortion (DPD) techniques are widely used. This work focuses on improving the performances of DPDs in modern, next-generation wireless transmitters. A new adaptive DPD based on an iterative injection approach is developed and experimentally verified using a 4G signal. The signal performances at transmitter output are notably improved, while the proposed DPD does not require large digital signal processing memory resources and computational complexity. Moreover, the injection-based DPD theory is extended to be applicable in concurrent dual-band wireless transmitters. A cross-modulation problem specific to concurrent dual-band transmitters is investigated in detail and novel DPD based on simultaneous injection of intermodulation and cross-modulation distortion products is proposed. In order to mitigate distortion compensation limit phenomena and memory effects in highly nonlinear RF PAs, this DPD is further extended and complete generalised DPD system for concurrent dual-band transmitters is developed. It is clearly proved in experiments that the proposed predistorter remarkably improves the in-band and out-of-band performances of both signals. Furthermore, it does not depend on frequency separation between frequency bands and has significantly lower complexity in comparison with previously reported concurrent dual-band DPDs
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