9 research outputs found

    Predictors of Email Response: Determinants of the Intention of not Following Security Recommendations

    Get PDF
    Organizations and government leaders are concerned about cyber incidents. For some time, researchers have studied what motivates people to act in ways that put the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information in organizations at risk. Still, several areas remained unexplored, including the role of employees’ evaluation of the organizational systems and the role of value orientation at work as precursors of secure and insecure actions in relation to information technologies (information security [IS] action). The objective of this research project was to examine how the evaluations of formal and informal security norms are associated with the intention to follow them and to explore the role of work values, security systems, monitoring employees, and demographics in this association. It is essential to understand the determinants of IS action in the workplace so that interventions aim for organizational behavioral change focusing on a few determinants of IS action. In the execution of the project, several scenarios were formulated. In the scenarios, a character whose actions enact a particular value orientation at work fails to follow security recommendations. Several items were formulated to capture the variables of interest. After ensuring that the materials had good psychometric properties, a sample of 661 U.S. workers was collected and the data submitted to several analyses. The results revealed that the negative evaluation of the importance of security recommendations and the negative evaluation of others relative to following security recommendations were positively associated with the intention of not following those security recommendations. The evaluation of the completeness of security recommendations was negatively associated with the intention of not following them. The perception of others following security recommendations was not associated with the intention of not following them. It was also found that work values, security systems, monitoring, and demographics play a role in the association found. This research project does not support causality but provides evidence of the investigated association. The survey research did not investigate actual actions; however, several precautions were taken to ensure that the results provide preliminary evidence of the precursors of IS action at work

    Contribuci√≥n del Plan Profarma al desarrollo de la Industria Farmac√©utica en Espa√Īa

    Get PDF
    El inter√©s por el denominado actualmente Plan Profarma, radica en el impulso que ha proporcionado a la investigaci√≥n, en materia de medicamentos que realiza la industria farmac√©utica en Espa√Īa. Dicho Plan fue ideado y puesto en marcha por las autoridades nacionales en 1986 para estimular a las empresas espa√Īolas y multinacionales establecidas en nuestro pa√≠s para que realizasen investigaci√≥n de excelencia, de modo que permitiera a estas industrias ser competitivas en el nuevo escenario que proporcionaba nuestro ingreso en la llamada Comunidad Econ√≥mica Europea (hoy Uni√≥n Europea), dado que a partir de esos momentos, quedaba autorizada la libre circulaci√≥n de bienes, mercanc√≠as, servicios y personas. El Plan establec√≠a que las compa√Ī√≠as farmac√©uticas que lo deseasen pod√≠an presentar proyectos de investigaci√≥n de calidad, con unos determinados requisitos, que ser√≠an evaluados por un Comit√© T√©cnico, el cual, a su vez, les otorgar√≠a una calificaci√≥n. En funci√≥n de la misma, se les proporcionaban facilidades para la autorizaci√≥n de sus medicamentos, as√≠ como un incentivo en los precios. Con posterioridad, la ley de Garant√≠as y uso Racional del Medicamento oblig√≥ a las empresas farmac√©uticas a pagar a la Administraci√≥n un 2% de las ventas que realizasen a trav√©s de las oficinas de farmacia, cantidad que pod√≠a verse reducida en funci√≥n de la calificaci√≥n obtenida en el Plan Profarma. A partir de ese momento, las industrias del sector se interesaron a√ļn m√°s por el Plan, como es l√≥gico. Con el paso del tiempo, √©ste fue sufriendo una evoluci√≥n tendente a conseguir unas metas en diferentes apartados, de tal manera que las convocatorias se fueran realizando cada cuatro a√Īos con unos objetivos determinados en raz√≥n de las circunstancias que se fueran viviendo. Los principales son los siguientes: el tipo de investigaci√≥n, la calidad y el n√ļmero de los proyectos, su relevancia, la actividad investigadora, el n√ļmero de plantas industriales, sus empleados, la balanza comercial y, en particular, el porcentaje de gasto en investigaci√≥n en relaci√≥n con sus ventas, am√©n de otras variables. La determinaci√≥n de todo ello nos ha llevado a realizar esta tesis doctoral en la que, a trav√©s de la historia (hasta ahora, in√©dita), hemos evaluado las fortalezas y debilidades del Plan y hemos formulado, como consecuencia, unas posibles propuestas de mejora para las futuras ediciones. Las 169 tablas de resultados y las 88 figuras presentadas muestran en cada uno de los objetivos propuestos, las excelencias del Plan. Pr√°cticamente se han cubierto todos ellos a excepci√≥n de algunos que han sido algo deficitarios, por ejemplo, durante la depresi√≥n econ√≥mica acaecida en el entorno de 2010. En cuanto a las propuestas, de los datos que se han procesado, hemos considerado que el Plan puede mejorar si en la pr√≥xima convocatoria se incentiva la investigaci√≥n b√°sica y precl√≠nica mediante trabajos en red (aunque sean extramuros), estimulando la industrializaci√≥n con contrapartidas definidas, as√≠ como la producci√≥n de medicamentos esenciales, de antibi√≥ticos y de terapias avanzadas, y otras que generen ahorro a corto o medio plazo

    THE STRUCTURE OF THE MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF MAIZE GERMINATION REGIMES ON THE BASIS OF CHANGE OF THE QUANTITY OF ANTIOXIDANTS

    Get PDF
    Statistical processing of experimental studies allowed to scientifically substantiate and describe mathematically the optimization of the parameters of the technological process with the mutual influence of temperature and the duration of germination on the change in the biological and nutritional value of maize corn.The research results showed that at the germination temperature of 24 ¬įC, antioxidant activity shows the highest result than at 18 and 300 ¬į C. At a germination temperature of 24 ¬įC, all of the above figures at day 5 reach the maximum mark. Of the studied hybrids, at a temperature of 24¬įC on the fifth day of germination in ‚ÄúArman 689‚ÄĚ corn, the SSA increased by 3.1 times (68%) compared with the control. Under the same conditions, in the hybrid ‚ÄúTuran 480 SV‚ÄĚ, the SSA increased 3.2 times (by 68.7%), in the hybrid ‚ÄúTurgen 5/87‚ÄĚ - 4.2 times (by 76%). Compared with the ‚ÄúTuran 480 CB‚ÄĚ and ‚ÄúTurgen 5/87‚ÄĚ hybrids, in the ‚ÄúArman 689‚ÄĚ hybrid, the SSA is 1.3 and 1.03 times higher, respectively, 22.8 and 2.9%. Based on the data obtained, mathematical model of germination of corn hybrids

    Regionales Entwicklungsprofil Wissenschaftsregion G√∂ttingen: Untersuchungen und Anregungen zum S√ľdniedersachsenplan

    Get PDF
    Die Studie bereitet verf√ľgbares Material zur Erstellung eines zukunftsf√§higen Entwicklungsprofils f√ľr die Region G√∂ttingen auf. Dazu werden Analysen, Prognosen und Hypothesen zu relevanten Handlungsfeldern zusammengestellt. So entsteht ein differenziertes Abbild der regionalen Entwicklungspotenziale, aus dem Vorschl√§ge zu ad√§quaten Entwicklungsstrategien abgeleitet werden

    Dise√Īo de sistema de alcantarillado sanitario de los barrios Monte Tabor y las Tejas No. 1, de la ciudad de Matagalpa

    Get PDF
    Presenta el dise√Īo de sistema de alcantarillado sanitario de los barrios Monte Tabor y las Tejas No. 1, de la ciudad de Matagalpa, se presentan cuatro alternativas de dise√Īo con la finalidad de atender a una poblaci√≥n proyectada de 2,136 para un periodo de dise√Īo de 25 a√Īos, se presentan alternativas de tratamiento, as√≠ como un an√°lisis t√©cnico econ√≥mico de las cuatro alternativas

    Os metadolomitos da região de Morro Azul - PR : características geológicas do minério explorado

    Get PDF
    Orientador: Jos√© Manoel dos Reis NetoCo-orientadores: Luiz Alberto Fernandes, Sidnei Pires RostirollaDisserta√ß√£o (mestrado) - Universidade Federal do Paran√°Resumo: A regi√£o de Morro Azul √© historicamente conhecida pela explota√ß√£o de rochas metacalc√°rias, visando o fabrico da cal e produ√ß√£o de corretivo agr√≠cola. Est√° localizada a noroeste da cidade de Almirante Tamandar√© - PR, possuindo uma grande concentra√ß√£o de frentes de lavra. Mais de 30 empresas lavram hoje o metadolomito na Regi√£o, mas essas empresas que atuam na √°rea conhecem, no m√°ximo, as suas frentes de lavra atuais. Isto faz com que hoje tenhamos no Paran√°, embora de forma mecanizada, uma lavra de subsist√™ncia, pois o desconhecimento geol√≥gico dos materiais extra√≠dos impossibilita a implanta√ß√£o de qualquer estrat√©gia de aproveitamento, tanto do ponto-de-vista mercadol√≥gico quanto social. O presente estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar os crit√©rios estratigr√°ficos e petroqu√≠micos dessas rochas para que, posteriormente, esses crit√©rios fossem aplicados em outras regi√Ķes. A valida√ß√£o emp√≠rica foi a meta presente durante todo trabalho, pois o conhecimento dos mineradores √© relevante para que se fa√ßa uma geologia aplicada. O principal litotipo carbon√°tico aflorante na regi√£o √© o metadolomito, metamorf√≠sado em baixo grau, com idade deposicional Meso a Neoproteroz√≥ica. Essas rochas s√£o representativas de uma seq√ľ√™ncia plataformal carbon√°tica, atribu√≠das √†s unidades litol√≥gicas Morro Grande e Rio Branco, da Forma√ß√£o Capir√ļ, Grupo A√ßungui. O m√©todo de an√°lise faciol√≥gica na interpreta√ß√£o de ambientes de sedimenta√ß√£o de unidades faneroz√≥icas foi aplicado em exposi√ß√Ķes dessas rochas. Para tal foram empregados crit√©rios de observa√ß√£o, descri√ß√£o, amostragem, levantamento de se√ß√Ķes colunares, petrografia e an√°lises qu√≠micas de rochas. As f√°cies foram individualizadas pela geometria, constitui√ß√£o litol√≥gica, texturas, estruturas sedimentares deposicionais e biog√™nicas e a interpreta√ß√£o integrada dessas an√°lises. Os resultados evidenciaram um guia prospectivo de valor para a regi√£o. N√≠veis sotopostos √†s f√°cies resultantes de dissolu√ß√£o c√°rstica (grutas e cavernas) e aus√™ncia de estruturas estromatol√≠ticas (esteiras algais) s√£o os mais promissores para a explora√ß√£o do bem mineral. A regi√£o estudada apresenta-se polideformada, sendo que as diversas fases de deforma√ß√£o podem ser relacionadas a tr√™s principais sistemas de deforma√ß√£o. H√° heterogeneidade nesta deforma√ß√£o, pois se encontram faixas incipientemente deformadas, onde podem ser observadas abundantes estruturas sedimentares. Para a classifica√ß√£o da rocha e identifica√ß√£o dos teores de CaO e MgO, foram utilizados os resultados de an√°lises qu√≠micas e colorimetria de carbonatos em l√Ęminas delgadas. Desta forma, a rocha explotada foi classificada como metadolomito destacando como caracter√≠stica fundamental su√° homogeneidade composicional em n√≠veis distintos. A qualidade do metadolomito da regi√£o de Morro Azul, e sua varia√ß√£o composicional n√£o decorrem somente da faixa de metadolomito lavrada, mas tamb√©m do n√≠vel estratigr√°fico explotado. Isto explica a sele√ß√£o, por parte dos mineradores, de n√≠veis preferenciais para explora√ß√£o em detrimento de outros que acabam sendo abandonados e suas frentes de lavra desativadas. O principal resultado deste trabalho, foi a identifica√ß√£o de um guia prospectivo onde, atrav√©s deste, √© poss√≠vel caracterizar os n√≠veis pr√≥prios para explota√ß√£o. Na regi√£o de Morro Azul, a exemplo de todo estado do Paran√°, a explota√ß√£o do metadolomito ainda se restringe aos usos mais tradicionais, tais como a produ√ß√£o de cal e corretivo agr√≠cola. Al√©m destes usos, essa rocha √© fonte de mat√©ria-prima para diversas outras aplica√ß√Ķes. O desconhecimento das reservas, crit√©rios de explora√ß√£o e qualidades da mat√©ria-prima s√£o a causa cont√≠gua da defici√™ncia de investimentos estrat√©gicos no √Ęmbito, cujo lance de crescimento tem sido refreado nos √ļltimos anos.Abstract: The region of Morro Azul, northwest o f Almirante Tamandare city - PR, is known by the exploitation o f metacalcareos rocks, for the manufacture o f the whitewash and production o f agricultural corrective. It possesses a great concentration o f mine fronts. More than 30 companies are exploiting the metadolomite in the region, but their current plowing fronts is all they know in terms o f Geology. Therefore, lime exploitation in Parana, although automated, is carried out as a subsistence plowing. The lack o f geolo^cal knowledge about the extracted material renders it impossible to stablish any stategic plan, be it of social or market character. The objective o f the present study is to determine stratigraphic and petrochemical criteria for those rocks so that, they can be applied to other areas. The empirical validation was a constant goal all along the research, because the miner knowledge is relevant for the geology to be applied. The main outcroping limestone lithotype in the area is the low grade metadolomite, with Meso to Neoproterozoic age. These rocks are representative of a platfonnal carbonatic sequence, associated with the Morro Grande and Rio Branco geological units o f the Capiru Formation - A9ungui Group. The faciological analysis method applied to the interpretation o f phanerozoic units sedimentation ambient was used in the outcrops. Observation, description, sampling, drawing o f collumnar sections, petro^aphical and chemical rock analyses were used. Te facies were individualized by the geometry, lithologic association, texture, sedimentary structures and the integrated interpretation o f all these. As a result o f this analysis, a valuable prospective guide fo rth e area was determined. Layers underlying the karst facies, characterized by dissolution grottos and caves and die absence o f stromatolitic structures (algal mats) are the most promising exploration targets. The area exhibits a complex deformation and the several phases can be related to three main deformation systems. The deformation is not homogeneous, showing up strips where it is veiy subtle, containing abundant sedimentary structures. For the rock classification and identification of the CaO and MgO grades, the results of chemical analyses and carbonate colorimetry on thin sections were analysed. From these analyses, the rock being exploited was classified as metadolomite and its compositional homogeneity in different levels was highlighted as fundamental characteristic. The ore quality in the region of Morro Azul and its compositional variation are not only related to the strip of metadolomite being exploited but also to the stratigraphic position. This explains the selection done by the miners, preffering certain levels for exploration, while others are abandoned or have their exploitation descontinued. The main result of this work was the determination of a prospective guide which allows for the identification of exploitable levels. In the Morro Azul area, as in the whole Parana, the metadolomite is still exploited for the most traditional uses, such as die production of whitewash and agricultural corrective. Besides these uses, this rock can be used for several other applications. The lack of knowledge on die reserves, exploration criteria and quality of the raw material are the immediate cause of the lack of strategic investments in the section, whose growth has been repressed in the last years

    University of Wollongong Union Annual Report 1993

    Get PDF
    corecore