855 research outputs found

    Women retaliated for collaborating with the La Mancha guerrilla as 'good mothers, wives or daughters'

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    En este art铆culo se abordar谩 el fen贸meno de la guerrilla antifranquista desde dos perspectivas. Por un lado, la de g茅nero, centr谩ndonos en las mujeres que colaboraron de una forma u otra con la guerrilla antifranquista y, por otro, desde el punto de vista de la represi贸n, mostrando la violencia que el r茅gimen ejerci贸 sobre las mujeres a las que proces贸 a trav茅s de los tribunales militares por delitos relacionados con la resistencia armada. Para ello, se utilizar谩 la provincia de Albacete como marco para el an谩lisis y la agrupaci贸n guerrillera que actu贸 en ella. Como fuentes, principalmente se utilizar谩 la documentaci贸n militar que encaus贸 a diferentes mujeres. Pero, dentro de todas las procesadas por colaborar con la guerrilla, nos centraremos en un fen贸meno espec铆fico: aquellas que fueron encarceladas por motivos que se encontraban dentro de la esfera privada y por actuar como el r茅gimen esperaba de ellas: ser buenas madres, esposas e hijas.Artikulu honetan gerrilla antifrankistaren fenomenoa aztertuko dugu bi ikuspegitatik. Alde batetik, genero ikuspegitik aztertuko dugu, modu batera edo bestera gerrilla antifrankistarekin kolaboratu zuten emakumeei arreta emanez, eta, beste alde batetik, errepresioaren ikuspegiari helduko diogu, erregimenak erresistentzia armatuarekin lotutako delituengatik auzitegi militarren bidez prozesatu zituen emakumeen kontra erabili zuen indarkeriari erreparatuta. Horretarako, Albacete probintzia eta bertan jardun zen gerrilla-taldea erabiliko dira analisi eremu moduan. Iturri nagusiak zenbait emakume auzipetzeko erabili ziren dokumentu militarrak izanen dira. Ordea, gerrillarekin kolaboratzeagatik prozesatutakoen artean, fenomeno espezifiko bati emanen diogu arreta: esfera pribatuko arrazoiengatik espetxeratuen kasuari. Izan ere, gerrillari laguntzen zioten emakume batzuk, paradoxikoki, erregimenak haiengandik espero zuen bezala jokatzegatik espetxeratu zituzten, hau da, ama, emazte eta alaba on izateagatik.This article will address the phenomenon of the anti-Franco guerrilla from two perspectives. On the one hand, that of gender, focusing on the women who collaborated in one way or another with the anti-Franco guerrilla, and on the other, from the point of view of repression, showing the violence that the regime exerted on the women whom prosecuted through military courts for crimes related to armed resistance. In order to do so, the province of Albacete will be used as the framework for the analysis and the guerrilla group that acted in it. As sources, mainly the military documentation that prosecuted different women will be used. But among all those prosecuted for collaborating with the guerrillas, we will focus on a specific phenomenon: those who were imprisoned for reasons that were within the private sphere and for acting as the regime expected of them: being good mothers, wives, and daughters.Esta investigaci贸n ha sido realizada en el marco del Seminario de Estudios de Franquismo y Transici贸n (Seft) de la Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, y financiada por el proyecto 鈥楲a violencia pol铆tica en Castilla-La Mancha durante la guerra civil y la dictadura franquista (1936-1946): del terror a la c谩rcel鈥 (Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha, referencia clm21-pic-022)

    The Structural Harms of Providing Mental Health Services Through the Bipartisan Safer Communities Act

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    Many have proclaimed that the Bipartisan Safer Communities Act is the most sweeping gun control legislation to be passed in decades. However, the bill is not primarily a gun control bill鈥攊nstead, much of the Act seeks to improve mental health services in hopes of preventing gun violence. Such a move is not rooted in established evidence, which finds little predictive value in knowing an individual鈥檚 mental health history. In fact, people with mental health disabilities are more likely to be victims of violent crimes than perpetrators. The Act therefore shifts the debate about gun reform from one about easy access to guns to one about improving mental health services. This is not without consequence. This paper analyzes the effects of tying mental health to gun violence through legislation. Specifically, it argues that the rhetoric and policy mandates enacted in the Bipartisan Safer Communities Act reproduce internal, interpersonal, and structural stigma against people with mental health disabilities. Investments in community-based services are sorely needed, but tying these reforms to gun violence prevention will increase stigma. This paper acknowledges some provisions鈥 transformative potential while tempering optimism about the scope and nature of these services because they are provided under the auspices of preventing gun violence. Providing mental health relief through a gun control bill reproduces stigma in three key ways. First, by discursively tying gun ownership to one鈥檚 mental health history, lawmakers have created a binary between 鈥渓aw-abiding鈥 citizens and the 鈥渕entally ill.鈥 The latter category presumptively loses their constitutional rights by virtue of being part of a stigmatized group. Second, because of regional variation in availability and types of services, new crisis intervention lines often work with local law enforcement, creating the potential for incarceration, involuntary hospitalization, or even death. Finally, making educational professionals responsible for 鈥渄etecting鈥 violent behavior risks contributing to the family policing system and marking racial minorities and students with disabilities as delinquents due to an administrator or teacher鈥檚 animus. This paper ultimately echoes calls by suicidologists, psychiatric expatients/consumers/survivors, and policymakers to create and improve community-based services free from coercion

    Phytase Production by Lactobacillus plantarum A1-E in Submerged and Solid-State Fermentation

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    Enzyme activity is influenced by several important factors, including the amount and type of substrate, solvent type, pH, temperature, presence of inhibitory and activating ions, and concentration of enzymes. Therefore, this research aimed to evaluate phytase production from Lactobacillus plantarum A1-E using submerged (SmF) and solid-state fermentation (SSF). Phytase production was determined using SmF with fructose and sucrose as the primary carbon sources at concentrations of 4.5%, 6%, and 7.5%. Additionally, SSF was conducted using three distinct substrates, including soybean Meal, rice Bran, and pollard. The results indicated that the highest phytase activity was achieved through SSF when rice bran was used as a substrate (88.48 U/mL or 4.65 U/mg). The use of 4.5% sucrose as a carbon source in the SmF technique showed the highest specific phytase activity (4.38 U/mg) compared to other carbon sources at various concentrations. The addition of metal ions showed that Fe 2+ , Mn 2+ , and Co 2+ at concentrations of 1-5 mM, Mg 2+ and Zn 2+ at concentrations of 3-5 mM, and Ca 2+ at a concentration of 3 mM acted as activators that increased phytase activity compared to control. Meanwhile, Mg 2+ and Zn 2+ at concentrations 1-2 mM were inhibitors

    Three doses of a recombinant conjugated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine early after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: predicting indicators of a high serologic response鈥攁 prospective, single-arm study

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    BackgroundAllogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-HSCT) recipients must be vaccinated against SARS-CoV-2 as quickly as possible after transplantation. The difficulty in obtaining recommended SARS-CoV-2 vaccines for allo-HSCT recipients motivated us to utilize an accessible and affordable SARS-CoV-2 vaccine with a recombinant receptor-binding domain (RBD)鈥搕etanus toxoid (TT)-conjugated platform shortly after allo-HSCT in the developing country of Iran.MethodsThis prospective, single-arm study aimed to investigate immunogenicity and its predictors following a three-dose SARS-CoV-2 RBD鈥揟T-conjugated vaccine regimen administered at 4-week (卤聽1-week) intervals in patients within 3鈥12 months post allo-HSCT. An immune status ratio (ISR) was measured at baseline and 4 weeks (卤聽1 week) after each vaccine dose using a semiquantitative immunoassay. Using the median ISR as a cut-off point for immune response intensity, we performed a logistic regression analysis to determine the predictive impact of several baseline factors on the intensity of the serologic response following the third vaccination dose.ResultsThirty-six allo-HSCT recipients, with a mean age of 42.42 years and a median time of 133 days between hematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-HSCT) and the start of vaccination, were analyzed. Our findings, using the generalized estimating equation (GEE) model, indicated that, compared with the baseline ISR of 1.55 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.94 to 2.17], the ISR increased significantly during the three-dose SARS-CoV-2 vaccination regimen. The ISR reached 2.32 (95% CI 1.84 to 2.79; p聽=聽0.010) after the second dose and 3.87 (95% CI 3.25 to 4.48; p聽=聽0.001) after the third dose of vaccine, reflecting 69.44% and 91.66% seropositivity, respectively. In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, the female sex of the donor [odds ratio (OR) 8.67; p聽=聽0.028] and a higher level donor ISR at allo-HSCT (OR 3.56; p聽=聽0.050) were the two positive predictors of strong immune response following the third vaccine dose. No serious adverse events (i.e., grades 3 and 4) were observed following the vaccination regimen.ConclusionsWe concluded that early vaccination of allo-HSCT recipients with a three-dose RBD鈥揟T-conjugated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine is safe and could improve the early post-allo-HSCT immune response. We further believe that the pre-allo-HSCT SARS-CoV-2 immunization of donors may enhance post-allo-HSCT seroconversion in allo-HSCT recipients who receive the entire course of the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine during the first year after allo-HSCT

    Understanding Soil Carbon and Phosphorus Dynamics under Grass-Legume Intercropping in a Semi-Arid Region

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    An integrated forage-legume cropping system has immense potential to address the issue of land degradability. It provides a critical understanding of the capacity of diversified species mixes vs. monocultures to boost forage production and the dynamics of soil organic carbon (SOC) and phosphorus (P). In this study, we assessed the performance of Napier Bajra Hybrid (NBH) (Pennisetum glaucum 脳 P. purpureum) + cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) and tri-specific hybrid (TSH) (P. glaucum 脳 P. purpureum 脳 P. squamulatum) + cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) as compared to monocultures of NBH and TSH. The legume equivalent yield of NBH + cowpea and TSH + cluster bean intercropping systems were found 鈭31% and 鈭23% higher than monoculture systems. The SOC increased by 鈭5% in the NBH + cowpea system as compared to NBH monoculture. The carbon mineralization rates under NBH + cowpea and TSH + cluster bean were 鈭32% and 鈭38% lower than the NBH and TSH monoculture cropping systems, respectively. It was found that the legume intensification with the forage significantly improved the soil鈥檚 P status. The research suggested that coalescing diverse crops (e.g., grass and legume) poses enormous potential for sustaining soil health and productivity in semi-arid regions of India. This study advances the research on characterizing the crucial factors of grass-legume-based cropping systems and helps in assessing the impact of these factors on long-term sustainability

    Camino libre medio de neutrinos en materia neutr贸nica con campos magn茅ticos fuertes

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    Calculamos el camino libre medio de neutrinos en materia neutr贸nica degenerada, no relativista, en presencia de un campo magn茅tico intenso. No se incluyen las interacciones de los neutrones entre s铆. Consideramos la reacci贸n de dispersi贸n 谓 + n 鈫 谓 鈥 + n鈥 , en un rango de densidades de 0 鈮 蟻 鈮 0.4 fm^鈭3 para temperaturas finitas, que alcanzan hasta los T= 30 MeV y una intensidad de campo magn茅tico hasta B = 1018 G. Una buena aproximaci贸n para nuestro escenario astrof铆sico es considerar estas cantidades como localmente constantes. En primer lugar, desarrollamos una ecuaci贸n de estado; considerando la interacci贸n de los neutrones con el campo magn茅tico externo. De esta ecuaci贸n de estado, extraemos los valores del potencial qu铆mico del neutr贸n y de la asimetr铆a de spin, para emplearlos luego en el c谩lculo del camino libre medio de neutrinos. De nuestra ecuaci贸n de estado y considerando la termodin谩mica del sistema, encontramos las expresiones para la presi贸n, la magnetizaci贸n y la susceptibilidad magn茅tica del medio. Evaluamos num茅ricamente y discutimos estas magnitudes f铆sicas. Luego calculamos el camino libre medio de neutrinos en materia neutr贸nica, a trav茅s del c谩lculo de la la secci贸n eficaz total de dispersi贸n por unidad de volumen para la reacci贸n de dispersi贸n inel谩stica de un neutrino por un neutr贸n mediante la Regla de Oro de Fermi. Consi- deramos el caso de materia no polarizada donde B = 0 G y el caso de materia polarizada, para B = 10^16 , B = 10^17 y B = 10^18 G. Tomamos B = 10^16 G, como el menor valor para el campo magn茅tico no nulo, ya que los resultados para este campo son muy similares al del campo nulo. Realizamos los c谩lculos para los casos donde el neutrino incide de manera paralela, perpendicular y antiparalela a la direcci贸n del campo magn茅tico. Encontramos que cuando el neutrino incide en forma perpendicular al campo magn茅tico, su camino libre medio es casi independiente del valor del campo magn茅tico. Por otra parte, cuando incide en forma paralela (antiparalela) al campo magn茅tico, toma valores mayores (menores) que los correspondientes a la incidencia perpendicular. Esto establece una asimetr铆a en el camino libre medio. La asimetr铆a entre la incidencia paralela y antiparalela es del orden de 20 % para la densidad de saturaci贸n, B = 10^18 G y T=15 MeV. Esta asimetr铆a puede contribuir a la explicaci贸n del problema del 鈥減ulsar kick鈥, en que la velocidad de translaci贸n de la estrella de neutrones es mucho m谩s r谩pida que la de su estrella progenitora. Por otra parte, nuestros resultados son consistentes con el comportamiento conocido del camino libre medio en ausencia de campo magn茅tico: disminuye con la densidad y con el incremento de la temperatura. Finalmente, comparamos nuestros resultados con el modelo de Skyrme bajo las mismas condiciones. El modelo de Skyrme agrega la interacci贸n nuclear entre los neutrones, empleando el modelo de Hartree-Fock para dar cuenta de las correlaciones nucleares a nivel de campo medio. Los resultados del modelo de Skyrme y el nuestro, muestran un acuerdo cualitativo. La comparaci贸n de nuestros resultados con el modelo de Skyrme, sugieren que la ecuaci贸n de estado tiene una importante dependencia con la interacci贸n nuclear; mientras que el para el camino libre medio es el espacio de fases el elemento m谩s importante.Facultad de Ciencias Astron贸micas y Geof铆sica

    EPICURE脥SMO Y EROTISMO EN LA OBRA DEL POETA JOS脡 IGLESIAS DE LA CASA: NUEVAS APORTACIONES Y LECTURAS

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    Jos茅 Iglesias de la Casa fue uno de los tres poetas fundadores de la dieciochesca Escuela Po茅tica de Salamanca, aunque la magnitud de sus compa帽eros Juan Mel茅ndez y Jos茅 de Cadalso explica que la cr铆tica le prestase menor atenci贸n. En este trabajo se proporcionan nuevos datos sobre la biograf铆a y la obra de Iglesias a partir de fuentes archiv铆sticas. Se defiende y se documenta, adem谩s, el estilo rococ贸 de sus 芦poes铆as serias禄, cuyo an谩lisis revela versos cargados de erotismo con tintes epic煤reos

    Propuesta de restauraci贸n 鈥 rehabilitaci贸n y obra nueva de la Casa Ochoa del Centro Hist贸rico de Cusco para vivienda colectiva, bajo el modelo de intervenci贸n objetiva

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    El presente trabajo de investigaci贸n aplicada, es el resultado de una serie de etapas que comprende la recolecci贸n de datos, informaci贸n y diagn贸stico del estado actual del inmueble en estudio, la clasificaci贸n y sistematizaci贸n de dicha informaci贸n que formula a trav茅s de ella una propuesta de Restauraci贸n - Rehabilitaci贸n y Obra nueva para la Casa Ochoa del Centro Hist贸rico del Cusco, con fines de vivienda colectiva y usos compatibles a 茅sta, como el comercio zonal y servicios requeridos por las funciones de centralidad, como es el caso de un centro cultural p煤blico. Estableciendo un modelo representativo para futuras intervenciones de inmuebles patrimoniales. De esta manera la propuesta nos permite intervenir en el inmueble tomando en cuenta aspectos f铆sicos, sociales y culturales.This applied research is focused on a series of stages that includes the collection of data, information and diagnosis which will serve to identify how the property is currently under study, the classification and systematization of such information refers to a proposal for the Ochoa House located in the historic center of Cusco, is Restored and Rehabilitated and becomes a new work, for housing purposes and uses compatible with it, taking into account the adjacent commercial activities because it is a public and flexible cultural center. Establishing a representative model for future interventions of heritage housing. In this way, the proposal allows us to intervene in the property taking into account physical, social and cultural aspects
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