988 research outputs found


    Get PDF
    Emerging demands in the field of interdisciplinary studies reveal a need for competent professionals who can apply their skills and experience to solving complex tasks of the workplace. This has placed inevitable demands on training institutions to adequately equip graduates to deliver on their mandate. Competency appraisal is an effective way to ensure proficiency in graduates. Meanwhile, transparent and valid rubrics provide opportunities for both students and trainers to continuously assess and evaluate the transfer of necessary skills. This study focused on evaluating interdisciplinary competencies in Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) in the capstone projects of the CARERC program, a graduate and continuing education package that combines the academic resources of seven colleges of two major universities in Kentucky for research and training in the region. An Interdisciplinary Competency Evaluation Rubric in OSH (iCER-OSH) confirming the “presence” or “not” of the relevant competencies in the final projects was developed from literature and program core-syllabi and was tested and calibrated using Rasch model. The psychometric evaluation of the rubric also supports the use of this tool for research and formative assessment in this population and related programs

    Gender and Age/Aging in Popular Culture: Representations in Film, Music, Literature, and Social Media

    Get PDF
    As social spaces are culturally diverse and digitally networked, the reality of our lives is shaped by processes of globalization and digitization. This leads to the question of whether popular cultures enable or impede (inter-)cultural exchange and global communication. To explore this, the contributors to this volume analyze representations of the intersections of gender and age/ing in cultural and media consumption, such as literature, film, music, and social media. The interconnectedness between gender and aging has been evident since the 1990s and enabled the recognition of age as a cultural category - now is the time to take this intersectional analysis further

    Understanding comparative questions and retrieving argumentative answers

    Get PDF
    Making decisions is an integral part of everyday life, yet it can be a difficult and complex process. While peoples’ wants and needs are unlimited, resources are often scarce, making it necessary to research the possible alternatives and weigh the pros and cons before making a decision. Nowadays, the Internet has become the main source of information when it comes to comparing alternatives, making search engines the primary means for collecting new information. However, relying only on term matching is not sufficient to adequately address requests for comparisons. Therefore, search systems should go beyond this approach to effectively address comparative information needs. In this dissertation, I explore from different perspectives how search systems can respond to comparative questions. First, I examine approaches to identifying comparative questions and study their underlying information needs. Second, I investigate a methodology to identify important constituents of comparative questions like the to-be-compared options and to detect the stance of answers towards these comparison options. Then, I address ambiguous comparative search queries by studying an interactive clarification search interface. And finally, addressing answering comparative questions, I investigate retrieval approaches that consider not only the topical relevance of potential answers but also account for the presence of arguments towards the comparison options mentioned in the questions. By addressing these facets, I aim to provide a comprehensive understanding of how to effectively satisfy the information needs of searchers seeking to compare different alternatives

    A Cross Sectional Comparison of the Mental Health, Sleep, and Anaerobic Power of Cannabis Users, Cannabidiol Users, and Non Users

    Get PDF
    The purpose of this study was to determine whether there are differences among groups of individuals who regularly use cannabis, cannabidiol (CBD), or who are non-users with respect to mental health, sleep, and anaerobic power measures. A total of 24 participants (21 males and 3 females) were recruited and placed into groups based on their regular cannabis/CBD or non-cannabis/CBD use. The cannabis user group was using cannabis at least three times per week for the past 8 weeks (CA; n=8), the CBD user group was using CBD at least three times per week for the past 8 weeks (CB; n=8), and the control group was not using any cannabis or CBD product within the past 8 weeks (CO; n=8). Participants completed 2 total visits. During these visits, they completed a body composition evaluation using air displacement plethysmography with a BODPOD (COSMED USA Inc., Concord, CA), a physical activity assessment using the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PARQ) and International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), mental health evaluation using the Psychological Wellbeing Scale (PWB), Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), Piper Fatigue Scale (PFS), and Ferrans and Powers Quality of Life Index (QOL) surveys, a subjective sleep quality survey using the Leeds Sleep Evaluation Questionnaire (LSEQ), and an anaerobic fitness assessment using the Wingate anaerobic power test on a cycle ergometer (Monark Ergomedic 894E, Monark, Varberg, Sweden). Additionally, the participants in the CA group completed a Daily Sessions, Frequency, Age of Onset, and Quantity of Cannabis Use Inventory (DFAQ-CU) to measure cannabis use. Mean PWB scores of CB and CO were significantly higher in the Autonomy (p\u3c0.001; p=0.003), Personal Growth (p\u3c0.001; p\u3c0.001), Positive Relations with Others (p=0.001; p=0.002), Purpose in Life (p=0.003; p=0.003), and Self-Acceptance (p=0.001; p=0.02) subscales, respectively, when compared to CA. There were no significant differences in mean PWB scores between CB and CO in all PWB subscales (p\u3e0.05). Mean QOL score of CB was significantly higher than the mean score of CA (p=0.004), but no significant differences were found between CA and CO (p=0.11) or CB and CO (p=0.48). Mean GAD-7 (p=0.40) and PFS (p=0.25) scores were not significant between groups. Mean LSEQ (p=0.42), GTS (p=0.44), QOS (p=0.29), AFS (p=0.14), and BFW (p=0.14) scores were not significant between groups. There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of average peak power (p=0.77), relative peak power (p=0.15), mean power (p=0.97), relative mean power (p=0.30), and anaerobic fatigue (p=0.82) during the Wingate assessment. The present study demonstrated no significant differences between CA, CB, and CO with respect to measures of anxiety, subjective fatigue, perceived sleep quality, and anaerobic power, but revealed significant differences between CA and both CB and CO in measures of psychological wellbeing and quality of life. These results suggest that regular cannabis users may have a lower psychological state and a lower perceived quality of life when compared to CBD users or cannabis and CBD non-users. Findings from this study provide a novel insight into the mental health, subjective sleep, and anaerobic power measures of regular cannabis users, regular CBD users, and a group of non-users

    The Role of Musical Participation and Improvisation in Social Change

    Full text link
    Many disciplines of musicology are dedicated to unravelling the connections between music and society. However, we lack a thorough understanding of music’s role in actively changing society. This thesis contributes to remedying that with a focus on musical participation and improvisation. It specifically aims to (1) understand how music contributes to social change in general; (2) discover what kinds of social changes tend to be effectively animated by musical participation and improvisation; and (3) explain why such participatory and improvisatory musics are effective. This occurs across the theoretical, empirical, and practical domains. The first half of the thesis synthesises existing literature and original empirical findings to produce a framework explaining what social change is, how musical participation and improvisation can contribute to it, and through which mechanisms this occurs. It proposes four themes that participation and improvisation afford, namely uniting heterogeneity, direct experience, enhanced agency, and novelty and adaptation. I then use this framework to analyse the cacerolazo protests during the 2001-2002 Argentine financial crisis to understand this participatory and improvisatory music’s capacity for large-scale change. Finally, these findings are applied practically in a highly participatory and improvisatory musical created in collaboration with local First Nations musicians entitled Togetherness Through Music. The intention of this event was to positively transform the meta-conflict between First Nations and settler Australians, and Chapter Five's evaluation of this event furthers our understanding of how participation and improvisation might effectively do this. Together, this work will enhance our understanding of musical participation and improvisation’s role in social change at various levels of society. It will also demonstrate the best practices for changemakers that intend to use them to better the world

    Challenges and perspectives of hate speech research

    Get PDF
    This book is the result of a conference that could not take place. It is a collection of 26 texts that address and discuss the latest developments in international hate speech research from a wide range of disciplinary perspectives. This includes case studies from Brazil, Lebanon, Poland, Nigeria, and India, theoretical introductions to the concepts of hate speech, dangerous speech, incivility, toxicity, extreme speech, and dark participation, as well as reflections on methodological challenges such as scraping, annotation, datafication, implicity, explainability, and machine learning. As such, it provides a much-needed forum for cross-national and cross-disciplinary conversations in what is currently a very vibrant field of research

    The EU Cohesion policy and healthy national development: Management and Promotion in Ukraine

    Get PDF
    Монографія присвячена дослідженню сутності принципів реалізації політики згуртованості Європейського Союзу. Авторами проведено аналіз економічних, екологічних та соціальних аспектів інтеграції досвіду ЄС у державну політику України. У монографії узагальнено підходи до відновлення країни та здорового розвитку. Окрему увагу приділено питанням управління системою охорони здоров’я, тенденціям та перспективам досягнення стану стійкості системи медико-соціального забезпечення населення в умовах впливу COVID-19 на національну економіку. Узагальнено досвід використання маркетингових та інноваційних технологій у контексті здорового національного розвитку.Монография посвящена исследованию сущности принципов реализации политики сплоченности Европейского Союза. Авторами проведен анализ экономических, экологических и социальных аспектов интеграции опыта ЕС в государственную политику Украины. В монографии обобщены подходы к восстановлению и здоровому развитию. Отдельное внимание уделено вопросам управления здравоохранением, тенденциям и перспективам достижения состояния устойчивости системы медико-социального обеспечения населения в условиях влияния COVID-19 на национальную экономику. Обобщен опыт использования маркетинговых и инновационных технологий в контексте здорового национального развития.The monograph focused on the specifics of the principles of the EU Cohesion Policy implementation. The authors conducted an analysis of the economic, ecological and social aspects of the integration of the EU experience into the state policy of Ukraine. The monograph summarizes approaches to the restoration of the country and healthy development. Particular attention is paid to the issues of health care system management, the trends and prospects of achieving the state of resilience of the medical and social provision system of the population in the context of the impact of COVID-19 on the national economy. The experience of using marketing and innovative technologies in the context of healthy national development is summarized. The monograph is generally intended for government officials, entrepreneurs, researchers, graduate students, students of economic, medical, and other specialties

    Towards a data-driven military: a multi-disciplinary perspective

    Get PDF
    Towards a data-driven military. A multi-disciplinary perspective assesses the use of data and information on modern conflict from different scientific and methodological disciplines, aiming to generate valuable contributions to the ongoing discourse on data, the military and modern warfare. Military Systems and Technology approaches the theme empirically by researching how data can enhance the utility of military materiel and subsequently accelerate the decision-making process. War Studies take a multidisciplinary approach to the evolution of warfare, while Military Management Studies take a holistic organisational and procedural approach. Based on their scientific protocols and research methods, the three domains put forward different research questions and perspectives, providing the unique character of this book