18,042 research outputs found

    Examining the Effects of AAC Intervention on Oral Language in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review

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    This systematic review researched the efficacy of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) in increasing oral communication in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). It may be used to inform best practice when working with children with ASD. The search strategy reviewed medical, social science, and communication databases. Inclusionary criteria consisted of peer-reviewed, quantitative research published after 2007 regarding children with ASD under age 18. The included studies used AAC interventions and measured spoken language outcomes. After conducting an initial database search with these criteria, a manual search was performed using references from the found articles. Results varied across studies. Although the trend demonstrates increases in verbal language with AAC intervention, few studies show statistically significant outcomes. The studies indicate that additional factors, such as verbal communication at baseline, may affect outcomes. AAC use did not decrease verbal language. Limitations included few randomized control trial designs, few study replications, and varied outcome measures. Based on the studies analyzed, implementation of AAC may increase the number of communicative acts, but may not reliably increase verbal language. Further research is needed to understand the most effective implementation of AAC intervention to increase verbal language. Higher quality research in the form of randomized control trials, and the replication of studies to confirm results is necessary to inform evidence-based practice. The findings are consistent with those of previous systematic reviews and meta analyses. Future considerations should include type of AAC, communicative act being measured, longitudinal studies, and increased use of formal measures.https://scholarworks.uvm.edu/csdms/1002/thumbnail.jp

    Hemung and Sperrung Posttherapy ODGJ Verbal Language

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    The study aimed to describe the hemung, sperrung, and verbal language abilities of after therapy ODGJ. Methods through editing, coding, equivalent data analysis were used. Data obtained from YouTube Diman Khan TV. The results showed that hemung and sperrung occurred when asked about the deep conflict in the sufferer. The meaning of the ODGJ verbal language varies in communicating  speech. There are coherent and incoherent. Coherent speech relates to other speeches, and incoherent speech is unrelated to following. After therapy,verbal language skills of ODGJ have developed.This development can be seen in reduction of hemung, sperrung, and incoherent sentences in communication

    The Verbal Language of Public Television

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    Television is a phenomenon that touches the life of almost every American child. Indeed, the average eighteen year old in the United States has watched 18,000 hours of television (Liberman, 1983). The effects of such a concentrated block of time on the child\u27s development have to be considerable. These effects influence many areas of the child\u27s life-psychological, sociological, perhaps even physiological. It is the area of television\u27s language modeling that is of interest in this article


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    Abstract: The aim of the research is to describe EFL students’ perception of using non-verbal language in their classes and to describe the use of non-verbal language by EFL teachers. Non-verbal language gives a positive perception of how their teachers use non-verbal language in the class and it has a lot of positive impacts in teaching and influence their comprehension when they are taught. The positive impacts were known; fun teaching and learning, helping students’ imagination, interesting learning, and so on. The method of this research uses descriptive qualitative as the research design. The research involved four participants from English department of Universitas Islam Malang, two students with GPA 3.5 to 4.0 and two lecturers who have been six years in English teaching. For collecting data was used two kinds of instruments, interview sheets for teachers and interview sheets for learners, and it helped by experts with Indonesia question sheets and online interviews. The data were analyzed using Borg (2010), the theory for kinds of non-verbal language, and Matthew & Huberman (1994), the theory for how the data analyzed. the researcher took all information from raw data including, interview sheet for lecturer and the students. The irrelevant data is cut, important information selected by the researcher. After the data being reduced, the researcher displays the data, and explained the main important and detail information that had been being selected before in the form of written text. The result shows finding that non-verbal language help teachers to convey the communication they give while teaching and learning process in creating teaching and learning effective. The types of commonly used body movement, use of sound, distance and clothing. keywords: Teaching, Perception, EFL Teacher, EFL Learners, and Non Verba


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    This research is a psycholinguistic study of verbal and non-verbal language problems of the main male character in Adam, who is also a person having Asperger syndrome during his life. The objectives of this research are (1) to reveal the verbal language problems used by Adam in the movie Adam and (2) to reveal the non-verbal language problem used by Adam in the movie Adam. This research employed descriptive qualitative approach. Considering the approach, the key instrument of the research was the researcher herself. The data sources were the original VCD of Adam and the movie script. The data were in the form of utterances which contain the verbal and non-verbal language problems. The data were collected by choosing the script of Adam, re-reading the script, categorizing into the two types and noting the data. The data were then classified and analyzed. The trustworthiness was attained by using credibility, dependability, and conformability. In this research, the researcher also used two kinds of triangulation. They were theory and expert. The results of the research show two important points. First, based on the findings of the research, there are seven out of eight types of Asperger Syndrome’s verbal language problems in Adam’s utterances. The most frequent phenomena are literal interpretation, followed by lack of pragmatics, verbal fluency, pedantic language, idiosyncratic use of words, auditory discrimination and distortion and odd prosody. One type is absent. It is sounding the mind. Adam is a person with Asperger syndrome who recognizes that he has Asperger syndrome. When Adam’s father is still alive, he might give special treatment for individual with Asperger syndrome so Adam has erased sounding the mind. Second, there are five non-verbal language problems of Asperger syndrome. They are peculiar stiff gaze, limited facial expression, gauche body language, inappropriate expression and limited use of gestures. Peculiar stiff gaze is the most frequent phenomenon. This phenomenon happens because individuals with Asperger syndrome do not know what thing they have to see while they are speaking. They cannot do more than one thing in the same time. It ruins their concentration


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    Yulia Pratitis YusufMAN [email protected] ¬†AbstrakSebagai objek dalam kajian Sosiolinguistik, bahasa merupakan alat yang digunakan untuk berkomunikasi dan berinteraksi dalam masyarakat. Tidak hanya kata-kata atau bahasa Verbal saja yang harus kita perhatikan pada waktu berkomunikasi dengan orang lain. Ada bagian yang tidak kalah pentingnya untuk dicermati bila menginginkan komunikasi berjalan dengan lancar, yaitu memahami bahasa Non Verbal dari lawan bicara kita. Bahasa Non Verbal bisa berupa eye contact , Ekspresi wajah, Gesture, Suara dan sentuhan. Bahasa non verbal sangat signifikan kedudukannya dalam berkomunikasi, hal itu karena bahasa non verbal kadang lebih banyak ‚Äúberkata atau berbicara‚ÄĚ daripada bahasa verbal itu sendiri. Masyarakat Jepang sangat minim mengekspresikan perasaan yang sesungguhnya pada saat berkomunikasi. Pada umumnya orang Jepang bukanlah tipe yang ekspresif saat berbicara, artinya orang Jepang pandai menyimpan perasaan yang sesungguhnya, tetapi bukan berarti orang Jepang tidak melakukan bahasa non verbal dalam hal ini gesture sama sekali. Ada beberapa gesture yang sering digunakan oleh orang Jepang saat berkomunikasi. Gesture-gesture yang dilakukan mengandung makna yang harus dipahami oleh lawan bicara pada saat berkomunikasi, agar kita bisa memahami dan mengerti pemikiran orang Jepang, sehingga proses komunikasi dapat berjalan dengan efektif dan lancar.Kata Kunci: Gesture orang Jepang, Komunikasi¬†AbstractAs an object in the study of Sociolinguistics, language is a tool for communication and interaction in society. It is not only ¬†words or verbal language that we should consider when communicating with others. There are some parts which are also important to be observed when we want the communication runs smoothly, namely understanding listener‚Äôs Non Verbal language. Non Verbal Language can be in the form of eye contact, facial expression, gesture, voice and touch. Non-verbal language has significant position in communication, it is because the non-verbal language is sometimes more of "say / talk" rather than the verbal language itself. Japanese society is very minimal to express their real feelings when they communicate. In general, the Japanese are not the type of expressive people when they are speaking, it means that thay are good at keeping the real feeling, but it does not mean that the Japanese do not do non-verbal language, in this case gesture. There are some gestures often used by Japanese people when they are communicating. The gestures they do contain meanings that must be understood by the other person or listener at the time of communicating, in order to understand and comprehend the Japanese‚Äôs mind, thus the process of communication with the Japanese people can run effectively and fluently.Keywords: Gesture of The Japanese, Communication

    Origine e funzioni della tecnologia corporea del linguaggio

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    The hypothesis of this paper is the need of a new formulation of the question of the origin of human verbal language starting from the concept of ‚Äútechnology‚ÄĚ. The paper has a regard for the possible definition of human language as ‚Äúspecies ‚Äź specific‚ÄĚ body\ud technology applied to particular needs. So, not only the language but the whole body results a technology: thus the author reads the question of Exaptation by Gould and Vrba. So, the human verbal language represents a ‚Äúspeech ‚Äź making technology‚ÄĚ just like the ‚Äútool ‚Äź making technology‚ÄĚ, and both evolved for the same social\ud tasks
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