1,463,672 research outputs found

    A tale of two visions: Can a new view of personality help integrate psychology?

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    Personality psychology studies how psychological systems work together. Consequently, the field can act as a unifying resource for the broader discipline of psychology. Yet personality\u27s current fieldwide organization promotes a fragmented view of the person, seen through such competing theories as the psychodynamic, trait, and humanistic. There exists an alternative--a systems framework for personality--that focuses on 4 topics: identifying personality, personality\u27s parts, its organization, and its development. This new framework and its view of personality are described. The framework is applied to such issues as personality measurement, psychotherapy outcome research, and education. The new framework may better organize the field of personality and help with its mission of addressing how major psychological systems interrelate

    3D Face Synthesis Driven by Personality Impression

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    Synthesizing 3D faces that give certain personality impressions is commonly needed in computer games, animations, and virtual world applications for producing realistic virtual characters. In this paper, we propose a novel approach to synthesize 3D faces based on personality impression for creating virtual characters. Our approach consists of two major steps. In the first step, we train classifiers using deep convolutional neural networks on a dataset of images with personality impression annotations, which are capable of predicting the personality impression of a face. In the second step, given a 3D face and a desired personality impression type as user inputs, our approach optimizes the facial details against the trained classifiers, so as to synthesize a face which gives the desired personality impression. We demonstrate our approach for synthesizing 3D faces giving desired personality impressions on a variety of 3D face models. Perceptual studies show that the perceived personality impressions of the synthesized faces agree with the target personality impressions specified for synthesizing the faces. Please refer to the supplementary materials for all results.Comment: 8pages;6 figure

    ESPERANZA’S PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT AS REFLECTED IN SANDRA CISNEROS’ THE HOUSE ON MANGO STREET

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    This study discusses The House on Mango Street, a novel written by Sandra Cisneros. This novel presents a main character named Esperanza who experiences personality development. This study is meant to answer three problems concerning the main character’s personality development. The first problem is Esperanza’s basic personality in the novel. The second problem is Esperanza’s personality development. The third problem is the influencing factors toward Esperanza’s personality development. This study is a qualitative study applying content analysis method. This study applies the theory of personality and personality development emphasizing on Hurlock’s theory on personality development. The object of this study is Sandra Cisneros’ The House on Mango Street. The data collected are lines related to the topic under study found in the novel. The data analysis was conducted by analyzing the required lines found in The House on Mango Street in accordance with the theory. In achieving reliability, the researcher read and reread the novel comprehensively, then recorded the data. The triangulation method was applied to gain the trustworthiness of the data through consulting the finding with first and second consultant. The result of this study shows that Esperanza’s personality develops. There are two significant factors that influence Esperanza’s personality development. The first is the early experiences within family. The second is the important events outside home. Early experience within family gives influence toward Esperanza through supportive parents and family’s financial difficulty, while important events outside home also gives influence toward Esperanza’s personality mostly through the peers and neighborhood. From the analysis on the factors that influence Esperanza’s personality, the researcher finds that Esperanza is unconfident, pessimistic, and naïve at the beginning of the story, and then she turns into a confident, optimistic, and sophisticated person at the end

    The big questions of personality psychology: Defining common pursuits of the discipline

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    Big questions of personality are those that are simple, important, and often have been asked repeatedly over time, such as “Who am I?” “What is human nature?” and “How does personality work?” This article identifies 20 big questions relevant to personality psychology. The historical background of each question is briefly described, and the questions are arranged into a model of big questions about personality. The questions, it is argued, both reflect and help to clarify the intrinsic interest in studying personality psychology. They offer insight into the cohesive nature of the field of personality by helping to define its common pursuits

    Computer-Aided Discovery and Categorisation of Personality Axioms

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    We propose a computer-algebraic, order-theoretic framework based on intuitionistic logic for the computer-aided discovery of personality axioms from personality-test data and their mathematical categorisation into formal personality theories in the spirit of F.~Klein's Erlanger Programm for geometrical theories. As a result, formal personality theories can be automatically generated, diagrammatically visualised, and mathematically characterised in terms of categories of invariant-preserving transformations in the sense of Klein and category theory. Our personality theories and categories are induced by implicational invariants that are ground instances of intuitionistic implication, which we postulate as axioms. In our mindset, the essence of personality, and thus mental health and illness, is its invariance. The truth of these axioms is algorithmically extracted from histories of partially-ordered, symbolic data of observed behaviour. The personality-test data and the personality theories are related by a Galois-connection in our framework. As data format, we adopt the format of the symbolic values generated by the Szondi-test, a personality test based on L.~Szondi's unifying, depth-psychological theory of fate analysis.Comment: related to arXiv:1403.200

    Gender Differences in Personality and Earnings: Evidence from Russia

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    Does personality affect earnings? If so, are there gender differences in personality that explain part of the gender wage gap? We use survey data collected from over 2,600 Russian employees between 2000 and 2003 to evaluate the impact on earnings of two personality traits: locus of control (Rotter 1966) and challenge-affiliation (Hill et al. 1985). We find that gender differences in personality traits are significant. Men are more likely to exhibit an internal locus of control and need for challenge, while women are more likely to exhibit an external locus of control and need for affiliation. Moreover, there are differences in the effect of personality on earnings by gender – women’s earnings are affected by personality, while men’s earnings are not. Among participating employees in our study, the “unexplained” portion of the gender wage gap falls by as much as 12% when personality traits are included.http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/40177/3/wp791.pd
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