632,300 research outputs found

    Turning the winter of doctor discontent to summer : tackling GP needs in state primary care

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    Introduction: A study on job satisfaction among state General Practitioners (GPs) in Malta addressed the problem of the inadequate number of doctors within the government GP service. It investigated the hypothesis that this is due to poor job satisfaction, and allowed GPs to suggest other reasons and propose solutions. Method: A mixed methodology was used, with both quantitative (the Spector `Job Satisfaction Survey') and qualitative methods (3 open questions) in a questionnaire sent to current and former government GPs, followed by focus group/elite interviews. Results: 71 out of 136 questionnaires were returned, giving a 52% response rate. (a) Quantitative analysis: Job dissatisfaction was confirmed among health-centre doctors during 1998-2003. Taking significance as p<0.05, regression analysis revealed that doctors formerly working in health centres were significantly more dissatisfied than present ones (univariate p=0.033), and working part-time is significantly more satisfying than working full-time (univariate p=0.007, multiple p=0.039). (b) Qualitative analysis: 41% of GPs felt unappreciated, neglected and disrespected; 39% experienced job dissatisfaction, stress and depression; while 31% felt verbally and physically used, misused and abused. The top causes cited for the lack of government GPs were poor pay and ancillary benefits (70%), poor training prospects/ career progression (54%) and poor working conditions (46%). Discussion: As former state GPs during 1998-2002 were significantly more dissatisfied than those in employment in 2003, this corroborates the hypothesis that job dissatisfaction is associated with the shortage of government GPs. Direct solutions (enhanced remuneration/conditions and professional development) and indirect measures (organisational, management and educational initiatives to improve working arrangements) were proposed and discussed

    Technology networks for socially useful production

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    Peer-reviewed Public Health Journals

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    Peer-reviewed Public Health journals are essential media for the workers in the public health field. There are already many periodicals published in the public health domain and still many new ones are being added. Journalism in public health is facing many changes and challenges. Technologies and smart phones applications in particular affected the pattern of publication and readership of these journals. This report shed some light on the current peer-reviewed periodicals in the public health

    KUNSTGESCHICHTE. Open Peer Reviewed Journal

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    Exciting Changes are Coming to The Christian Librarian

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    Back in 1996 I came on board the TCL team with a dream. My hope was to make TCL a peer reviewed publication. Now, many years later, I am excited to say this dream will soon become a reality! Beginning in 2009, TCL will carry peer reviewed content

    Factors influencing the publication of health research

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    Objectives: Assess the degree to which research project findings were published and explore factors that influenced publication. Methods: Questionnaire to project leaders. Classification of publications and findings. Chi-squared; univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. Results: Forty percent of projects published in peer-reviewed journal; highly statistically significant relationships between publication in peer-reviewed journals and (1) projects in Responsive/Fellowships streams (p = .045); and (2) projects awarded >pound22,713 (p = .02); influence of study findings not statistically significant. Conclusions: Funders should consider the significant number of studies that did not result in publication and the higher rate of publication in peer-reviewed journals from some programs

    Predictive physiological anticipatory activity preceding seemingly unpredictable stimuli: An update of Mossbridge et al\u2019s meta-analysis

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    Background: This is an update of the Mossbridge et al\u2019s meta-analysis related to the physiological anticipation preceding seemingly unpredictable stimuli which overall effect size was 0.21; 95% Confidence Intervals: 0.13 - 0.29 Methods: Nineteen new peer and non-peer reviewed studies completed from January 2008 to June 2018 were retrieved describing a total of 27 experiments and 36 associated effect sizes. Results: The overall weighted effect size, estimated with a frequentist multilevel random model, was: 0.28; 95% Confidence Intervals: 0.18-0.38; the overall weighted effect size, estimated with a multilevel Bayesian model, was: 0.28; 95% Credible Intervals: 0.18-0.38. The weighted mean estimate of the effect size of peer reviewed studies was higher than that of non-peer reviewed studies, but with overlapped confidence intervals: Peer reviewed: 0.36; 95% Confidence Intervals: 0.26-0.47; Non-Peer reviewed: 0.22; 95% Confidence Intervals: 0.05-0.39. Similarly, the weighted mean estimate of the effect size of Preregistered studies was higher than that of Non-Preregistered studies: Preregistered: 0.31; 95% Confidence Intervals: 0.18-0.45; No-Preregistered: 0.24; 95% Confidence Intervals: 0.08-0.41. The statistical estimation of the publication bias by using the Copas selection model suggest that the main findings are not contaminated by publication bias. Conclusions: In summary, with this update, the main findings reported in Mossbridge et al\u2019s meta-analysis, are confirmed

    Carbon Dioxide Splitting: A Summary of the Peer-Reviewed Scientific Literature

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    Increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere have stimulated significant global research and development efforts regarding the reduction in CO2 emissions from all point and non-point sources. In addition to technologies that do not use carbon feedstocks or which capture and &#x22;permanently&#x22; store CO2 (i.e., sequestration), there is considerable worldwide interest among the academic, industrial, and government communities regarding methods for dissociating waste stream carbon dioxide molecules into their constituent carbon and oxygen (&#x22;CO2 splitting&#x22;) atoms as a final &#x22;end-of-pipe&#x22; treatment option. The splitting of carbon dioxide has also been actively discussed and researched in the space exploration and extraterrestrial colonization programs for several decades. This document summarizes the peer-reviewed open source scientific literature regarding carbon dioxide splitting
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