1,062,123 research outputs found

    Genetically engineered foods: plant virus resistance

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    2 pages.Fact sheet about genetically-engineered crops developed to resist plant viruses

    Genetically engineered foods: canola

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    2 pages.Fact sheet about genetically-engineered canola

    Genetically engineered foods: StarLink corn in taco shells

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    2 pages.Fact sheet about StarLink genetically-engineered corn getting into the food supply

    Genetically engineered foods: soybeans

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    2 pages.Fact sheet about genetically-engineered soybeans

    Genetically engineered foods: cotton

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    2 pages.Fact sheet about genetically-engineered cotton

    Genetically engineered foods: corn

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    2 pages.Fact sheet about genetically-engineered corn

    Biocommunication of Fungal Organisms

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    The development and growth of fungal organisms depend on successful communication processes (a) within the organism and between organisms, (b) with the same or related species and (c) with non-related organisms. In order to generate an appropriate response behaviour, fungal organisms must also be able to (d) correctly interpret meaningful information from the abiotic environment. However, these communication and interpretation processes can also fail. In such cases the overall results can induce disease-causing and even lethal consequences for the organism. 

	This review will not enrich the knowledge of specialists in fungal research, but will demonstrate to a broader readership the different levels of fungal communication and how versatile fungal communicative competences really are. Interestingly, certain rules of fungal communication are very similar to those of animals, while others resemble those of plants. The correspondence between all three eukaryotic kingdoms has two aspects: (1) the context determines the meaning of trans-, inter- and intra-organismic (inter- and intracellular) communication, while (2) differences in abiotic and biotic signal perception determine the content arrangement of response behaviour

    Genetically engineered foods: environmental safety of genetically engineered crops

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    4 pages."Several environmental safety issues are associated with genetically engineered (GE) crops. This fact sheet explores some of the more commonly discussed issues related to the environmental impact of GE crops.

    Stable States of Biological Organisms

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    A novel model of biological organisms is advanced, treating an organism as a self-consistent system subject to a pathogen flux. The principal novelty of the model is that it describes not some parts, but a biological organism as a whole. The organism is modeled by a five-dimensional dynamical system. The organism homeostasis is described by the evolution equations for five interacting components: healthy cells, ill cells, innate immune cells, specific immune cells, and pathogens. The stability analysis demonstrates that, in a wide domain of the parameter space, the system exhibits robust structural stability. There always exist four stable stationary solutions characterizing four qualitatively differing states of the organism: alive state, boundary state, critical state, and dead state.Comment: Latex file, 12 pages, 4 figure

    Genetically engineered foods: U.S. safety regulation of genetically engineered crops

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    4 pages.Fact sheet about U.S. government regulation of food safety for genetically-engineered crops