18,391 research outputs found

    Stability of small amplitude normal modes of a Bose-Einstein condensate with a singly quantized vortex confined in an optical lattice

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    We study the dynamics of a BEC with a singly quantized vortex, placed in the combined potential of a 1-D (2-D) optical lattice and an axi-symmetric harmonic trap. A time-dependent variational Lagrangian analysis shows that an optical lattice helps to stabilize the vortex which in absence of the optical lattice is unstable. We find that the normal modes are stable only if the depth of the optical potential is more than a certain critical value. This critical value of the optical potential depends on the interaction parameter.In general higher the interaction parameter,lower the value of the optical potential required to stabilize the vortex. The BEC with the singly quantized vortex is found to be relatively more unstable in a 2-D optical lattice compared to a 1-D optical lattice.Comment: Revised version with 11 pages including 1 figur

    Sisyphus Optical Lattice Decelerator

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    We experimentally demonstrate a variation on a Sisyphus cooling technique that was proposed for cooling antihydrogen. In our implementation, atoms are selectively excited to an electronic state whose energy is spatially modulated by an optical lattice, and the ensuing spontaneous decay completes one Sisyphus cooling cycle. We characterize the cooling efficiency of this technique on a continuous beam of Sr, and compare it with radiation pressure based laser cooling. We demonstrate that this technique provides similar atom number for lower end temperatures, provides additional cooling per scattering event and is compatible with other laser cooling methods. This method can be instrumental in bringing new exotic species and molecules to the ultracold regime.Comment: 11 pages, 11 figure

    Observation of Vortex Pinning in Bose-Einstein Condensates

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    We report the observation of vortex pinning in rotating gaseous Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC). The vortices are pinned to columnar pinning sites created by a co-rotating optical lattice superimposed on the rotating BEC. We study the effects of two different types of optical lattice, triangular and square. With both geometries we see an orientation locking between the vortex and the optical lattices. At sufficient intensity the square optical lattice induces a structural cross-over in the vortex lattice.Comment: 4 pages, 6 figures. Replaced by final version to appear in Phys. Rev. Let

    Spin-squeezed atomic crystal

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    We propose a method to obtain a regular arrangement of two-level atoms in a three-dimensional optical lattice with unit filling, where all the atoms share internal state coherence and metrologically useful quantum correlations. Such a spin-squeezed atomic crystal is obtained by adiabatically raising an optical lattice in an interacting two-component Bose-Einstein condensate. The scheme could be directly implemented on a microwave transition with state-of-the art techniques and used in optical-lattice atomic clocks with bosonic atoms to strongly suppress the collisional shift and benefit from the spins quantum correlations at the same time

    Phase separation of binary condensates in harmonic and lattice potentials

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    We propose a modified Gaussian ansatz to study binary condensates, trapped in harmonic and optical lattice potentials, both in miscible and immiscible domains. The ansatz is an apt one as it leads to the smooth transition from miscible to immiscible domains without any {\em a priori} assumptions. In optical lattice potentials, we analyze the squeezing of the density profiles due to the increase in the depth of the optical lattice potential. For this we develop a model with three potential wells, and define the relationship between the lattice depth and profile of the condensate.Comment: 13 pages, 11 figures, additional references adde
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