570 research outputs found

    The “frozen conflict” that turned hot: conflicting state building attempts in South Ossetia

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    The recent conflict in South Ossetia reminded everyone that things are far from settled in the South Caucasus region. Generally dubbed “frozen conflicts”, the separatist conflicts in the Caucasus have been considered by many authors as political and military stalemates. This approach, however, tended to brush aside sociological dynamics at work inside what could have been more accurately described as “zones of conflict”. The main argument is to demonstrate how the oppositional logic of the autocratic de facto government in power and outside interference in the region, from Russia and Georgia mainly, are affecting the state building process of South Ossetia by marginalizing the local population and its needs. In fact, no real state building will take place in South Ossetia, either as a component of a Georgian Federation or as an entity in the Russian Federation, without addressing more carefully the needs of the local population. This statement is more topical than ever, in the context of the ongoing struggle between Georgia and Russia for the future of the region

    Doctor of Philosophy

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    dissertationTo investigate controlled processes, cognitive psychologists often rely on oppositional logic, pitting automatic and controlled processes against one another, measuring speed and accuracy of responding to incongruent stimuli (e.g., RED printed in green ink). These investigations have been critical to understanding cognitive control, but present a limited and mostly pejorative view of automatic processes. Through the studies in this dissertation, we explored a larger and more beneficial role for automatic processes. In the two preliminary experiments, we administered a high-congruency Simon task, with either a warning to encourage control or no warning where automatic and controlled processing were emphasized equally. The results suggested that high spans can exert or withhold control to a greater degree than low spans, based on simple changes to task instructions. The dissertation experiments replicated and extended these findings. The first two experiments were a speed-blocked variation of the Simon task, again with warning or no warning instructions as the only difference between experiments. Next, to see if these Simon task findings generalized, we administered the stop-signal paradigm as a multitasking extension of oppositional logic tasks and again found evidence of those higher in cognitive control having greater flexibility between automatic and controlled aspects of the task. Combined, the experiments suggest those with high levels of control are more flexible in their allocation of cognitive control and automaticity than low spans who rigidly apply both types of processing. High spans' flexibility is discussed as greater tolerance of automatic processing brought about by stronger inhibitory control

    All at sea in a barbed wire canoe: Professor Cohen's transatlantic voyage in IPE

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    The following article is written as a sympathetic critique of Benjamin Cohen's recent identification in RIPE of incommensurable traditions of American and British IPE. It is also designed to engender further debate within the subject field on this most central of issues. Our argument is that scholars should beware the rigid terms in which Cohen identifies IPE's transatlantic divide, because simply by naming his two camps as polar opposites the invitation is open to others to entrench such an opposition in their own work. This would be regrettable enough had IPE already lapsed into the geographical division that Cohen describes. It is made more regrettable still by the fact that this is in any case an inaccurate account of the field which serves to marginalise much of the work that is currently at its cutting edge

    Reading Sex and Gender in the Secret Revelation of John

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    The Secret Revelation of John is replete with imagery of the divine Mother alongside the Father God and his Son Christ. It boasts of powerful female saviors—and even identifies Christ among them. Eve is not the cause of humankind’s fall, but of its redemption. The sexual intercourse of Adam and Eve marks not original sin, but a step toward salvation. Yet readers find, too,an idealized divine world in the pattern of the ancient patriarchal household,and a portrait of another female figure, Sophia, whose bold and independent action leads to a fatherless world headed by a sexually violent and deviant bastard. The complexity of this imagery, nestled in a story that operates with oppositional strategies and parody, ensures that no single monolithic perspective on sex/gender will rule—and indeed it opens up a crack where it is possible that the wise-fool Sophia is more completely the hero of the story than one might think. This essay aims to explore the complexities of SRJ’s representation of gender and the implications of their strategic deployments

    \u27In Love with Either/Or\u27: Religion and Oppositional Logic in Margaret Atwood\u27s The Handmaid\u27s Tale (Chapter 3 of Irigaray, Incarnation and Contemporary Women\u27s Fiction)

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    Excerpt: Margaret Atwood is a prolific and award-winning Canadian writer whose work regularly exposes the destructive and oppressive forces at work in society, particularly as they affect women. Though Atwood refers to herself as a \u27strict agnostic: she maintains an interest in religion, which is evident in her fictional work (Moyers 2006).1 Atwood\u27s second novel, Surfacing (1973) , has received a fair amount of critical attention for its religious themes and is examined in both Carol Christ\u27s Diving Deep and Surfacing and Barbara Rigney\u27s work Lilith\u27s Daughters.2 Atwood\u27s Cat\u27s Eye (1989), with its mystical Marian imagery, has also been explored by critics of religion and literature.3 In her most recent novel, The Year of the Flood (2009), Atwood again turns her attention to the religious dimension of human culture through her depiction of an eco-religion called God\u27s Gardeners and a heroine who is a new convert. Atwood\u27s recurrent interest in religion stems from her belief\u27that religion- that is, the stories we tell ourselves about where we come from and where we are going- is hard-wired into us: that there is no escape, so long as we remain human beings\u27 (Wagner 2009). Moreover, Atwood recognizes the pervasiveness of religion in Western culture; she describes herself as not being \u27raised with religion\u27, but rather \u27within one. Because I grew up within a culture where it was all over the place - including in the school system in Canada\u27 (Wagner 2009)

    Innovation NOT Opposition: The Logic of Distinction of Independent Games

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    Awry²: Making Space for Experimenting with Form

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    Could experimenting with form help us to counter – even crack – coloniality? We are hopeful. For us, experimenting with form shimmers with possibilities for (a) decolonising Psychology. Awry² (“Awry-squared”) is a section dedicated to experimenting with form within Critical Psychology and related fields. Aka, where Awry goes awry. In this Introduction, we summarise some shapeshifting possibilities for knowledge, knowing, knowers when experimenting with form. And we overview how, through Awry², we are experimenting with making a space for these possibilities to both breathe and be put to the test