14,114 research outputs found

    High-throughput, quantitative analyses of genetic interactions in E. coli.

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    Large-scale genetic interaction studies provide the basis for defining gene function and pathway architecture. Recent advances in the ability to generate double mutants en masse in Saccharomyces cerevisiae have dramatically accelerated the acquisition of genetic interaction information and the biological inferences that follow. Here we describe a method based on F factor-driven conjugation, which allows for high-throughput generation of double mutants in Escherichia coli. This method, termed genetic interaction analysis technology for E. coli (GIANT-coli), permits us to systematically generate and array double-mutant cells on solid media in high-density arrays. We show that colony size provides a robust and quantitative output of cellular fitness and that GIANT-coli can recapitulate known synthetic interactions and identify previously unidentified negative (synthetic sickness or lethality) and positive (suppressive or epistatic) relationships. Finally, we describe a complementary strategy for genome-wide suppressor-mutant identification. Together, these methods permit rapid, large-scale genetic interaction studies in E. coli

    Genetic Interaction Influenced by Fluvastatin and TGFb

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    I was looking for an opportunity to network with researchers at VCU and found this program that would provide the perfect atmosphere to do so. The added benefit of HERO was that I also got the opportunity to network with other undergraduates interested in research from VCU as well as other institutions

    Analysis of Genetic Interaction Maps Reveals Functional Pleiotropy

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    Epistatic or genetic interactions, representing the effects of mutations on the phenotypes caused by other mutations, can be very helpful for uncovering functional relationships between genes. Recently, the Epistasis Miniarray Profile (E-MAP) method has emerged as a powerful approach for identifying such interactions systematically. As part of this approach, hierarchical clustering is used to partition genes into groups on the basis of the similarity between their global interaction profiles. Here we present an original biclustering algorithm for identifying groups of functionally related genes from E-MAP data in a manner that allows individual genes to be assigned to more than one functional group. This enables investigation of the pleiotropic nature of gene function, a goal that cannot be achieved with hierarchical clustering. The performance of our algorithm is illustrated by applying it to two E-MAP datasets and an E-MAP-like in silico dataset for the yeast S. cerevisiae. In addition to identifying the majority of the functional modules reported in these studies, our algorithm uncovers many recently documented and novel multi-functional relationships between genes and gene groups

    Derivation of genetic interaction networks from quantitative phenotype data

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    We have generalized the derivation of genetic-interaction networks from quantitative phenotype data. Familiar and unfamiliar modes of genetic interaction were identified and defined. A network was derived from agar-invasion phenotypes of mutant yeast. Mutations showed specific modes of genetic interaction with specific biological processes. Mutations formed cliques of significant mutual information in their large-scale patterns of genetic interaction. These local and global interaction patterns reflect the effects of gene perturbations on biological processes and pathways

    Backup without redundancy: genetic interactions reveal the cost of duplicate gene loss.

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    Many genes can be deleted with little phenotypic consequences. By what mechanism and to what extent the presence of duplicate genes in the genome contributes to this robustness against deletions has been the subject of considerable interest. Here, we exploit the availability of high-density genetic interaction maps to provide direct support for the role of backup compensation, where functionally overlapping duplicates cover for the loss of their paralog. However, we find that the overall contribution of duplicates to robustness against null mutations is low ( approximately 25%). The ability to directly identify buffering paralogs allowed us to further study their properties, and how they differ from non-buffering duplicates. Using environmental sensitivity profiles as well as quantitative genetic interaction spectra as high-resolution phenotypes, we establish that even duplicate pairs with compensation capacity exhibit rich and typically non-overlapping deletion phenotypes, and are thus unable to comprehensively cover against loss of their paralog. Our findings reconcile the fact that duplicates can compensate for each other's loss under a limited number of conditions with the evolutionary instability of genes whose loss is not associated with a phenotypic penalty

    Reducing False-Positive Prediction of Minimotifs with a Genetic Interaction Filter

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    Background: Minimotifs are short contiguous peptide sequences in proteins that have known functions. At its simplest level, the minimotif sequence is present in a source protein and has an activity relationship with a target, most of which are proteins. While many scientists routinely investigate new minimotif functions in proteins, the major web-based discovery tools have a high rate of false-positive prediction. Any new approach that reduces false-positives will be of great help to biologists. Methods and Findings: We have built three filters that use genetic interactions to reduce false-positive minimotif predictions. The basic filter identifies those minimotifs where the source/target protein pairs have a known genetic interaction. The HomoloGene genetic interaction filter extends these predictions to predicted genetic interactions of orthologous proteins and the node-based filter identifies those minimotifs where proteins that have a genetic interaction with the source or target have a genetic interaction. Each filter was evaluated with a test data set containing thousands of true and false-positives. Based on sensitivity and selectivity performance metrics, the basic filter had the best discrimination for true positives, whereas the node-based filter had the highest sensitivity. We have implemented these genetic interaction filters on the Minimotif Miner 2.3 website. The genetic interaction filter is particularly useful for improving predictions of posttranslational modifications such as phosphorylation and proteolytic cleavage sites