468 research outputs found

    Statistical data of all counties and cities in the Yangtze River Delta in 2019.

    No full text
    Statistical data of all counties and cities in the Yangtze River Delta in 2019.</p

    Fast Synthesis and Size Control of Gibbsite Nanoplatelets, Their Pseudomorphic Dehydroxylation, and Efficient Dye Adsorption

    No full text
    In this paper, a simple and fast (4 days) procedure to synthesize colloidal gibbsite nanoplatelets (NPTs) from a single aluminum alkoxide (aluminum <i>sec</i>-butoxide) as precursor is presented. The introduction of a preheating step accelerated the precursor’s hydrolysis/peptization and considerably shortened the overall reaction time while the acid concentration affected the uniformity of the platelets shape. This procedure was successfully exploited to rapidly produce gibbsite platelets of controllable sizes by combination with the seeded growth method. The use of a single alkoxide precursor induced high growth rates and allowed a fast control of the platelets size over a wide range (nano- to microscale after only three growth steps). No signs for size limitation were observed. The dehydroxylation sequence of the as-synthesized NPTs was systematically investigated. Thermally stable chi-alumina NPTs, pseudomorphs of the parent gibbsite platelets, with a micro/mesoporous structure and high specific surface area, were obtained. The synthesized gibbsite NPTs can efficiently adsorb Methyl Orange dye in wastewater treatment with removal efficiency up to 94.8%

    Data_Sheet_1_Male infertility risk and gut microbiota: a Mendelian randomization study.docx

    No full text
    BackgroundIn recent decades, the decline of male sperm quality has become a worldwide phenomenon, with sperm quality of critical importance for the ability to conceive naturally. Recent studies suggest that male fertility function is closely linked to the gut microbiota, however, the cause-and-effect association between the gut microbiota and male infertility risk is currently unclear.MethodsWe performed one two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) study, which uses summary data on human gut microbiota from the MiBioGen consortium as factors of exposure. FinnGen Consortium R8 data was used to obtain GWAS data for male infertility. To evaluate cause-and-effect associations linking gut microbiota and male infertility risk with multiple Mendelian randomization methods, we included inverse variance weighted (IVW), MR-Egger, and Maximum Likelihood (ML) Ratio. The heterogeneity of instrumental variables was evaluated through Cochran's Q, Rucker's Q, and leave-one-out analysis methods.ResultsWe found a positive association between Allisonella, Anaerotruncus, Barnesiella, Intestinibacter, and Lactococcus with male infertility risk according to the MR analysis results. Bacteroides Romboutsia, Ruminococcaceae (NK4A2140group), and Ruminococcaceae (UCG011) play a protective function in male infertility pathogenesis.ConclusionIt was found that gut microbiota and infertility are causally related in this study. In subsequent studies, there is a need to build a larger and more comprehensive GWAS database on male infertility, which will reveal the underlying mechanisms for gut microbiota and male infertility. There is a need for randomized controlled trials for validating the protective effect of the associated gut microbiota against male infertility risk, and for exploring the associated mechanisms.</p

    Digital Counting of Breaks Labeling <i>In Situ</i>: A Fast and Absolute Quantification Method for Measurement of DNA Double-Strand Breaks Based on Digital Polymerase Chain Reaction

    No full text
    DNA double-strand break (DSB) is the most dangerous type of DNA damage. In addition, DSBs are also common consequences of various therapeutic and genetic modifications. Therefore, quantification of DSB is of great importance in many fields including DNA damage repair, cancer therapy, gene editing, and radiation biology. Current methods are either low-throughput, laborious, or high cost. Here, we developed dc-BLIS (digital counting of breaks labeling in situ), a new method that can rapidly and precisely quantify the number of intracellular DSBs at a low cost by digital polymerase chain reaction. Using dc-BLIS, we quantified and compared the amount of DSBs induced by anti-cancer drugs, Cas9 variants, and different radiation doses, proving the capacity of dc-BLIS to quantify DSBs. We propose that dc-BLIS is suitable for various application scenes that require rapid and precise quantification of DSBs, including drug screening, gene-editing tool modification, and radiation effect assessment

    Development of a High-Throughput Resequencing Array for the Detection of Pathogenic Mutations in Osteogenesis Imperfecta

    No full text
    <div><p>Objective</p><p>Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare inherited skeletal disease, characterized by bone fragility and low bone density. The mutations in this disorder have been widely reported to be on various exonal hotspots of the candidate genes, including <i>COL1A1</i>, <i>COL1A2</i>, <i>CRTAP</i>, <i>LEPRE1</i>, and <i>FKBP10</i>, thus creating a great demand for precise genetic tests. However, large genome sizes make the process daunting and the analyses, inefficient and expensive. Therefore, we aimed at developing a fast, accurate, efficient, and cheaper sequencing platform for OI diagnosis; and to this end, use of an advanced array-based technique was proposed.</p><p>Method</p><p>A CustomSeq Affymetrix Resequencing Array was established for high-throughput sequencing of five genes simultaneously. Genomic DNA extraction from 13 OI patients and 85 normal controls and amplification using long-range PCR (LR-PCR) were followed by DNA fragmentation and chip hybridization, according to standard Affymetrix protocols. Hybridization signals were determined using GeneChip Sequence Analysis Software (GSEQ). To examine the feasibility, the outcome from new resequencing approach was validated by conventional capillary sequencing method.</p><p>Result</p><p>Overall call rates using resequencing array was 96–98% and the agreement between microarray and capillary sequencing was 99.99%. 11 out of 13 OI patients with pathogenic mutations were successfully detected by the chip analysis without adjustment, and one mutation could also be identified using manual visual inspection.</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>A high-throughput resequencing array was developed that detects the disease-associated mutations in OI, providing a potential tool to facilitate large-scale genetic screening for OI patients. Through this method, a novel mutation was also found.</p></div

    Hydrodesulfurization of Dibenzothiophene over MCM-41-Supported Pd and Pt Catalysts

    No full text
    Three series of aluminosilicate MCM-41 (Al-MCM-41) were synthesized using different aluminum sources, including aluminum isopropoxide (AlM-I), pseudoboehmite, and aluminum sulfate, by a hydrothermal method. The hydrodesulfurization (HDS) performance of the Al-MCM-41-supported Pd and Pt catalysts prepared with chlorided precursors were evaluated with dibenzothiophene (DBT) as the model sulfur-containing molecule, in comparison with those supported on a siliceous MCM-41 (SiM). Pd/SiM and Pt/SiM were not promising for DBT HDS because of their relatively low activities and the rapid irreversible deactivation. Pd and Pt supported on the acidic Al-MCM-41 materials showed higher dispersion and enhanced HDS performances. AlM-I, which possessed the strongest acidity, was the most promising among the mesoporous materials investigated. The deactivated Pd/AlM-I and Pt/AlM-I can be reversibly regenerated by H<sub>2</sub> reduction. DBT HDS over the Pd catalysts predominantly took the hydrogenation (HYD) pathway, whereas the direct desulfurization (DDS) pathway and HYD pathway were comparable for the Pt catalysts. Increasing the support acidity had no positive effect on the DDS activity of Pd but significantly enhanced its HYD activity, while the increase in the rate constant of DDS pathway was close to that of the HYD pathway for Al-MCM-41-supported Pt catalysts. The effect of the acid properties of the supports on the HDS performance of Pd and Pt catalysts was discussed by considering the formation of “electronic-deficient” particles and the hydrogen spillover process

    Image_1_Real-time detection of Seneca Valley virus by one-tube RPA-CRISPR/Cas12a assay.pdf

    No full text
    IntroductionSenecavirus A (SVA) is a highly contagious virus that causes vesicular disease in pigs. At present, laboratory detection methods, such as virus isolation and polymerase chain reaction (PCR), required precision instruments and qualified personnel, making them unsuitable for point-of-care tests (POCT). Fortunately, the emergence of CRISPR/Cas system has provided new opportunities for fast and efficient pathogen detection.MethodsThis study successfully developed a precise and sensitive detection platform for diagnosing SVA by combining the CRISPR system with recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA). ResultsThe minimum detection limit of the assay was 10 copies of the SVA genome. Meanwhile, the assay demonstrated high specificity. To validate the effectiveness of this system, we tested 85 swine clinical samples and found that the fluorescence method had a 100% coincidence rate compared to RT-qPCR. DiscussionOverall, the RPA-CRISPR/Cas12a assay established in our study is a highly effective method for detecting SVA and holds great potential for practical applications in the resource-limited settings.</p

    Elevation, historical ignitions (1991–2010), settlements and roads in Longquan.

    No full text
    <p>Elevation, historical ignitions (1991–2010), settlements and roads in Longquan.</p

    It is a reverse sequencing for the insertion GAT by direct sequencing.

    No full text
    <p>It is a reverse sequencing for the insertion GAT by direct sequencing.</p

    Data_Sheet_1_Dormancy and germination of microsclerotia of Verticillium longisporum are regulated by soil bacteria and soil moisture levels but not by nutrients.zip

    No full text
    The soil-borne pathogen Verticillium longisporum infects roots of its host plant, oilseed rape, and systemically colonizes stems where it finally forms microsclerotia at crop maturity. Once returned to the soil after harvest, microsclerotia undergo a stage of dormancy, in which they may survive for several years. Since there is neither efficient chemical control nor effective resistance in oilseed rape cultivars to control the disease, alternative control strategies may consist in regulating the germination and dormancy of microsclerotia in the soil. Therefore, a series of experiments were conducted to explore the effects of nutrients, soil moisture, and the soil microbiome on germination of dormant microsclerotia. Experiments with microsclerotia exposed in vitro to different nutrients indicated that under sterile conditions the stimulating effect of nutrients on microsclerotia germination was not enhanced as compared to water. Moreover, further assays revealed a strong inhibitory effect of unsterile soil on microsclerotia germination. Accordingly, oilseed rape plants inoculated with microsclerotia of V. longisporum showed severe infection with V. longisporum when grown in autoclaved soil, in contrast to plants grown in unsterile soil. These experiments indicate a crucial role of soil fungistasis and thus the soil microbiome on microsclerotia germination. Further bioassays demonstrated that viable soil bacteria obtained from the rhizosphere of oilseed rape plants and bulk field soil effectively inhibited microsclerotia germination, whereas dead bacteria and bacterial culture filtrates hardly suppressed germination. A putative inhibitory role of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced by soil bacteria was confirmed in two-compartment Petri dishes, where microsclerotia germination and colony growth were significantly inhibited. Bacterial VOCs were collected and analyzed by GC–MS. In total, 45 VOCs were identified, among which two acid and two alcohol compounds were emitted by all tested bacteria. A bioassay, conducted with corresponding pure chemicals in two-compartment Petri dishes, indicated that all acidic volatile compounds, including 3-methylbutanoic acid, 2-methylbutanoic acid, hexanoic acid, and 2-methylpropionic acid, induced strong inhibitory effects on microsclerotia. We conclude that bacterial acidic volatiles play a key role in the fungistatic effect on microsclerotia of V. longisporum in the soil and could thus be targeted for development of novel strategies to control this pathogen by artificially regulating dormancy of microsclerotia in soil.</p
    • …
    corecore