38,235 research outputs found

    Spin-current diode with a ferromagnetic semiconductor

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    Diode is a key device in electronics: the charge current can flow through the device under a forward bias, while almost no current flows under a reverse bias. Here we propose a corresponding device in spintronics: the spin-current diode, in which the forward spin current is large but the reversed one is negligible. We show that the lead/ferromagnetic quantum dot/lead system and the lead/ferromagnetic semiconductor/lead junction can work as spin-current diodes. The spin-current diode, a low dissipation device, may have important applications in spintronics, as the conventional charge-current diode does in electronics.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure

    The spin-polarized ν=0\nu=0 state of graphene: a spin superconductor

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    We study the spin-polarized ν=0\nu=0 Landau-level state of graphene. Due to the electron-hole attractive interaction, electrons and holes can bound into pairs. These pairs can then condense into a spin-triplet superfluid ground state: a spin superconductor state. In this state, a gap opens up in the edge bands as well as in the bulk bands, thus it is a charge insulator, but it can carry the spin current without dissipation. These results can well explain the insulating behavior of the spin-polarized ν=0\nu=0 state in the recent experiments.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figure

    Surface plasmon polaritons in topological insulator

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    We study surface plasmon polaritons on topological insulator-vacuum interface. When the time-reversal symmetry is broken due to ferromagnetic coupling, the surface states exhibit magneto-optical Kerr effect. This effect gives rise to a novel transverse type surface plasmon polariton, besides the longitudinal type. In specific, these two types contain three different channels, corresponding to the pole of determinant of Fresnel reflection matrix. All three channels of surface plasmon polaritons display tight confinement, long lifetime and show strong light-matter coupling with a dipole emitter.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figure

    Interaction induced topological phase transition in Bernevig-Hughes-Zhang model

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    We study interaction induced topological phase transition in Bernevig-Hughes-Zhang model. Topological nature of the phase transition is revealed by directly calculating the Z2 index of the interacting system from the single-particle Green's function. The interacting Z2 index is also consistently checked through the edge spectra. Combined with ab initio methods, present approach is a useful tool searching for correlated topological insulating materials from the first-principle point of view.Comment: 4.5 pages, 4 figures, reference adde