3 research outputs found

    Agriculture and Dairy Production Systems in China: An Overview and Case Studies

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    The Chinese dairy industry is growing rapidly. Since 1980, the rate of increase in dairy cattle in China's dairy industry (+210,000 cows per year) is 1.7 times higher than the rate of decline of dairy cattle in the US dairy industry (-124,000 cows per year). If the current trends do not change, there will be as many dairy cows in China as in the US-approximately 7.45 million cows in 2012. This two-part Discussion Paper presents the context in which the Chinese dairy industry is developing (Part I) and a study of the Dairy Farm systems and case studies of five farms in the Province of Yunnan, the city of Beijing and the province of Heilongjiang (Part II).Chinese Dairy Industry, Dairy Cows in China, Development of the Chinese Dairy Industry, Chinese Dairy Farm Case Studies, Consumer/Household Economics, Farm Management, International Development, International Relations/Trade, Productivity Analysis,

    Population Genetic Analysis of Rainbow Clam Moerella iridescens by Using rDNA

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    To assess the genetic background of the germplasm resource of rainbow clam Moerella iridescens along China coasts, population genetic structure and genetic diversity of rainbow clam from five geographical populations in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea (Lianyungang, Chongming, Cixi, Zhoushan, and Ningde) were analyzed based on rDNA (ITS1-5.8S-ITS2) sequences. Forty-Seven rDNA haplotypes were identified among 109 rainbow clam individuals of the five populations. Gen4 and Gen21 were the dominant haplotypes, accounting for 49.5% of rDNA whole gene sequences, and shared by the five populations. Six to eight exclusive haplotypes were found in each population. The average haplotype diversity index (HD) of the five populations was 0.8733. The genetic distance among populations ranged from 0.002 to 0.004, and haplotypes from the same population were not clustered in a single clade. Molecular variance analysis (AMOVA) demonstrated that the main genetic differentiation mainly occurred within population, and the genetic differentiation coefficient (FST) among five populations was between -0.02836 and 0.01896, which meant that no genetic differentiation among populations occurred. Overall, the five geographical populations showed a high genetic diversity, but no evident genetic structure or genetic differentiation

    Agriculture and Dairy Production Systems in China: An Overview and Case Studies

    No full text
    The Chinese dairy industry is growing rapidly. Since 1980, the rate of increase in dairy cattle in China's dairy industry (+210,000 cows per year) is 1.7 times higher than the rate of decline of dairy cattle in the US dairy industry (-124,000 cows per year). If the current trends do not change, there will be as many dairy cows in China as in the US-approximately 7.45 million cows in 2012. This two-part Discussion Paper presents the context in which the Chinese dairy industry is developing (Part I) and a study of the Dairy Farm systems and case studies of five farms in the Province of Yunnan, the city of Beijing and the province of Heilongjiang (Part II)
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