102 research outputs found

    Doping change and distortion effect on double-exchange ferromagnetism

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    Doping change and distortion effect on the double-exchange ferromagnetism are studied within a simplified double-exchange model. The presence of distortion is modelled by introducing the Falicov-Kimball interaction between itinerant electrons and classical variables. By employing the dynamical mean-field theory the charge and spin susceptibility are exactly calculated. It is found that there is a competition between the double-exchange induced ferromagnetism and disorder-order transition. At low temperature various long-range order phases such as charge ordered and segregated phases coexist with ferromagnetism depending on doping and distortion. A rich phase diagram is obtained.Comment: 8 pages, 8 figure

    Thermal transport in the Falicov-Kimball model

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    We prove the Jonson-Mahan theorem for the thermopower of the Falicov-Kimball model by solving explicitly for the correlation functions in the large dimensional limit. We prove a similar result for the thermal conductivity. We separate the results for thermal transport into the pieces of the heat current that arise from the kinetic energy and those that arise from the potential energy. Our method of proof is specific to the Falicov-Kimball model, but illustrates the near cancellations between the kinetic-energy and potential-energy pieces of the heat current implied by the Jonson-Mahan theorem.Comment: (11 pages, 7 figures, ReVTeX

    Wikipedias: Collaborative web-based encyclopedias as complex networks

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    Wikipedia is a popular web-based encyclopedia edited freely and collaboratively by its users. In this paper we present an analysis of Wikipedias in several languages as complex networks. The hyperlinks pointing from one Wikipedia article to another are treated as directed links while the articles represent the nodes of the network. We show that many network characteristics are common to different language versions of Wikipedia, such as their degree distributions, growth, topology, reciprocity, clustering, assortativity, path lengths and triad significance profiles. These regularities, found in the ensemble of Wikipedias in different languages and of different sizes, point to the existence of a unique growth process. We also compare Wikipedias to other previously studied networks.Comment: v3: 9 pages, 12 figures, Change of title, few paragraphs and two figures. Accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.