91 research outputs found

### Large induced subgraphs via triangulations and CMSO

We obtain an algorithmic meta-theorem for the following optimization problem.
Let \phi\ be a Counting Monadic Second Order Logic (CMSO) formula and t be an
integer. For a given graph G, the task is to maximize |X| subject to the
following: there is a set of vertices F of G, containing X, such that the
subgraph G[F] induced by F is of treewidth at most t, and structure (G[F],X)
models \phi.
Some special cases of this optimization problem are the following generic
examples. Each of these cases contains various problems as a special subcase:
1) "Maximum induced subgraph with at most l copies of cycles of length 0
modulo m", where for fixed nonnegative integers m and l, the task is to find a
maximum induced subgraph of a given graph with at most l vertex-disjoint cycles
of length 0 modulo m.
2) "Minimum \Gamma-deletion", where for a fixed finite set of graphs \Gamma\
containing a planar graph, the task is to find a maximum induced subgraph of a
given graph containing no graph from \Gamma\ as a minor.
3) "Independent \Pi-packing", where for a fixed finite set of connected
graphs \Pi, the task is to find an induced subgraph G[F] of a given graph G
with the maximum number of connected components, such that each connected
component of G[F] is isomorphic to some graph from \Pi.
We give an algorithm solving the optimization problem on an n-vertex graph G
in time O(#pmc n^{t+4} f(t,\phi)), where #pmc is the number of all potential
maximal cliques in G and f is a function depending of t and \phi\ only. We also
show how a similar running time can be obtained for the weighted version of the
problem. Pipelined with known bounds on the number of potential maximal
cliques, we deduce that our optimization problem can be solved in time
O(1.7347^n) for arbitrary graphs, and in polynomial time for graph classes with
polynomial number of minimal separators

### A Cubic Vertex-Kernel for Trivially Perfect Editing

International audienc

### TREEWIDTH and PATHWIDTH parameterized by vertex cover

After the number of vertices, Vertex Cover is the largest of the classical
graph parameters and has more and more frequently been used as a separate
parameter in parameterized problems, including problems that are not directly
related to the Vertex Cover. Here we consider the TREEWIDTH and PATHWIDTH
problems parameterized by k, the size of a minimum vertex cover of the input
graph. We show that the PATHWIDTH and TREEWIDTH can be computed in O*(3^k)
time. This complements recent polynomial kernel results for TREEWIDTH and
PATHWIDTH parameterized by the Vertex Cover

### Treewidth of planar graphs: connections with duality

International audienceRobertson and Seymour conjectured that the treewidth of a planar graph and the treewidth of its geometric dual differ by at most one. Lapoire solved the conjecture in the affirmative, using algebraic techniques. We give here a much shorter proof of this result

### On the heapability of finite partial orders

We investigate the partitioning of partial orders into a minimal number of
heapable subsets. We prove a characterization result reminiscent of the proof
of Dilworth's theorem, which yields as a byproduct a flow-based algorithm for
computing such a minimal decomposition. On the other hand, in the particular
case of sets and sequences of intervals we prove that this minimal
decomposition can be computed by a simple greedy-type algorithm. The paper ends
with a couple of open problems related to the analog of the Ulam-Hammersley
problem for decompositions of sets and sequences of random intervals into
heapable sets

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