128 research outputs found

    Thickness dependent mechanical properties of soft ferromagnetic two-dimensional CoTe2

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    Two dimensional (2D) layered transition-metal-based tellurides (chalcogens) are known to harness their surface atoms characteristics to enhance topographical activities for energy conversion, storage, and magnetic applications. High surface energy due to unsaturated dangling bonds and larger lateral size than the thickness (volume) makes them a potential candidate for emerging electronics. Nevertheless, the gradual stacking of each sheet alters the surface atoms' subtle features, such as lattice expansion, leading to several phenomena and rendering tunable properties. In the present work, we have monitored thickness-dependent properties of the 2D CoTe2 sheets from nanoscale mechanics, tribology, surface potential distributions, interfacial interaction and magnetism using atomically resolved spectroscopy and different surface probe techniques, in conjunction with theoretical investigations: density functional theory (DFT) and molecular dynamics (MD). The variation in properties observed in theoretical investigation unleashes the crucial role of crystal planes of the CoTe2. The presented results are beneficial in expanding the use of 2D telluride family in flexible electronics, piezo sensors, tribo-generator, and next-generation memory devices

    Structural Reinforcement through Liquid Encapsulation

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    The liquid inside a solid material is one of the most common composite materials in nature. The interface between solid–liquid plays an important role in unique deformation. Here, model systems of two polymers (polydimethylsiloxane–polyvinylidenefluoride) are used to make sphere of solid with liquid inside it

    Low Contact Barrier in 2H/1T′ MoTe2 In-Plane Heterostructure Synthesized by Chemical Vapor Deposition

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    Metal–semiconductor contact has been a critical topic in the semiconductor industry because it influences device performance remarkably. Conventional metals have served as the major contact material in electronic and optoelectronic devices, but such a selection becomes increasingly inadequate for emerging novel materials such as two-dimensional (2D) materials. Deposited metals on semiconducting 2D channels usually form large resistance contacts due to the high Schottky barrier. A few approaches have been reported to reduce the contact resistance but they are not suitable for large-scale application or they cannot create a clean and sharp interface. In this study, a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technique is introduced to produce large-area semiconducting 2D material (2H MoTe2) planarly contacted by its metallic phase (1T′ MoTe2). We demonstrate the phase-controllable synthesis and systematic characterization of large-area MoTe2 films, including pure 2H phase or 1T′ phase, and 2H/1T′ in-plane heterostructure. Theoretical simulation shows a lower Schottky barrier in 2H/1T′ junction than in Ti/2H contact, which is confirmed by electrical measurement. This one-step CVD method to synthesize large-area, seamless-bonding 2D lateral metal–semiconductor junction can improve the performance of 2D electronic and optoelectronic devices, paving the way for large-scale 2D integrated circuits

    Development and assessment of cement and concrete made of the burning of quinary by-product

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    The aim of this study is to evaluate the usability of new cement (NC) made by the burning of quinary by-product to make commercial binders. Chemical analysis of the by-products and NC as well as X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of NC, fineness, density, consistency, and setting time of NC paste, and slump in addition to compressive strength (CS) and splitting tensile strength (STS) of NC concrete (NCC) were conducted. The results suggested that chemical composition of by-products is suitable to make NC binder. The NC contains Ca3SiO5, Ca2SiO5, Ca3Al2O6, and Ca3Al2FeO10. The particles passing through the 200 um Sieve were 56% compared with 52% for Portland cement (PC). The density of the of NC was similar to that of PC. The NC needed 48% more water than PC for normal consistency. The initial and final setting-time of NC was 105 min and 225 min respectively which is much higher than that of PC (15 and 45 min). The slump, compressive strength and splitting tensile strength were slightly lower for concrete containing NC compared with that pf PC concrete. Although the CS and STS of NCC are the lowest, the rate of the CS and STS gain of NCC is greater than that of PCC. It was concluded that NC is a viable alternative to PC for the production of greener concrete

    Underwater adhesive using solid-liquid polymer mixes

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    Instantaneous adhesion between different materials is a requirement for several applications ranging from electronics to biomedicine. Approaches such as surface patterning, chemical cross-linking, surface modification, and chemical synthesis have been adopted to generate temporary adhesion between various materials and surfaces. Because of the lack of curing times, temporary adhesives are instantaneous, a useful property for specific applications that need quick bonding. However, to this day, temporary adhesives have been mainly demonstrated under dry conditions and do not work well in submerged or humid environments. Furthermore, most rely on chemical bonds resulting from strong interactions with the substrate such as acrylate based. This work demonstrates the synthesis of a universal amphibious adhesive solely by combining solid polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and liquid polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) polymers. While the dipole-dipole interactions are induced by a large electronegativity difference between fluorine atoms in PTFE and hydrogen atoms in PDMS, strong surface wetting allows the proposed adhesive to fully coat both substrates and PTFE particles, thereby maximizing the interfacial chemistry. The two-phase solid-liquid polymer system displays adhesive characteristics applicable both in air and water, and enables joining of a wide range of similar and dissimilar materials (glasses, metals, ceramics, papers, and biomaterials). The adhesive exhibits excellent mechanical properties for the joints between various surfaces as observed in lap shear testing, T-peel testing, and tensile testing. The proposed biocompatible adhesive can also be reused multiple times in different dry and wet environments. Additionally, we have developed a new reactive force field parameterization and used it in our molecular dynamics simulations to validate the adhesive nature of the mixed polymer system with different surfaces. This simple amphibious adhesive could meet the need for a universal glue that performs well with a number of materials for a wide range of conditions.by Chandra Sekhar Tiwary et al
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