9,976 research outputs found

    Mean-Field Approach to Charge, Orbital, and Spin Ordering in Manganites

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    We present a mean-field theory of charge, orbital, and spin ordering in manganites at 50% and 0% dopings by considering Jahn-Teller interaction, nearest-neighbor repulsion, and no single-site double occupancy. For spinless fermions, we show that Jahn-Teller distortion and charge-orbital ordering occur simultaneously. In our two-dimensional model at 50% doping, for small nearest-neighbor repulsion the system is orbitally polarized while for larger repulsion the system undergoes CE type ordering. As for the 0% doping case, the ground state is orbitally antiferromagnetic. Upon including spin degree of freedom, at both 50% and 0% dopings the ordering remains the same at small antiferromagnetic coupling between adjacent core spins.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    States of Local Moment Induced by Nonmagnetic Impurities in Cuprate Superconductors

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    By using a model Hamiltonian with d-wave superconductivity and competing antiferromagnetic (AF) orders, the local staggered magnetization distribution due to nonmagnetic impurities in cuprate superconductors is investigated. From this, the net magnetic moment induced by a single or double impurities can be obtained. We show that the net moment induced by a single impurity corresponds to a local spin with S_z=0, or 1/2 depending on the strength of the AF interaction and the impurity scattering. When two impurities are placed at the nearest neighboring sites, the net moment is always zero. For two unitary impurities at the next nearest neighboring sites, and at sites separated by a Cu-ion site, the induced net moment has S_z=0, or 1/2, or 1. The consequence of these results on experiments will be discussed.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    Compressibility of Interacting Electrons in Bilayer Graphene

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    Using the renormalized-ring-diagram approximation, we study the compressibility of the interacting electrons in bilayer graphene. The compressibility is equivalent to the spin susceptibility apart from a constant factor. The chemical potential and the compressibility of the electrons can be significantly altered by an energy gap (tunable by external gate voltages) between the valence and conduction bands. For zero gap and a typical finite gap in the experiments, we show both systems are stable.Comment: 5 pages, 6 figure

    Absence of broken inversion symmetry phase of electrons in bilayer graphene under charge density fluctuations

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    On a lattice model, we study the possibility of existence of gapped broken inversion symmetry phase (GBISP) of electrons with long-range Coulomb interaction in bilayer graphene using both self-consistent Hartree-Fock approximation (SCHFA) and the renormalized-ring-diagram approximation (RRDA). RRDA takes into account the charge-density fluctuations beyond the mean field. While GBISP at low temperature and low carrier concentration is predicted by SCHFA, we show here the state can be destroyed by the charge-density fluctuations. We also present a numerical algorithm for calculating the self-energy of electrons with the singular long-range Coulomb interaction on the lattice model.Comment: 8 pages, 6 figure