940 research outputs found

    Polaronic signatures and spectral properties of graphene antidot lattices

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    We explore the consequences of electron-phonon (e-ph) coupling in graphene antidot lattices (graphene nanomeshes), i.e., triangular superlattices of circular holes (antidots) in a graphene sheet. They display a direct band gap whose magnitude can be controlled via the antidot size and density. The relevant coupling mechanism in these semiconducting counterparts of graphene is the modulation of the nearest-neighbor electronic hopping integrals due to lattice distortions (Peierls-type e-ph coupling). We compute the full momentum dependence of the e-ph vertex functions for a number of representative antidot lattices. Based on the latter, we discuss the origins of the previously found large conduction-band quasiparticle spectral weight due to e-ph coupling. In addition, we study the nonzero-momentum quasiparticle properties with the aid of the self-consistent Born approximation, yielding results that can be compared with future angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements. Our principal finding is a significant e-ph mass enhancement, an indication of polaronic behavior. This can be ascribed to the peculiar momentum dependence of the e-ph interaction in these narrow-band systems, which favors small phonon momentum scattering. We also discuss implications of our study for recently fabricated large-period graphene antidot lattices.Comment: published versio

    Bare-excitation ground state of a spinless-fermion -- boson model and W-state engineering in an array of superconducting qubits and resonators

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    This work unravels an interesting property of a one-dimensional lattice model that describes a single itinerant spinless fermion (excitation) coupled to zero-dimensional (dispersionless) bosons through two different nonlocal-coupling mechanisms. Namely, below a critical value of the effective excitation-boson coupling strength the exact ground state of this model is the zero-quasimomentum Bloch state of a bare (i.e., completely undressed) excitation. It is demonstrated here how this last property of the lattice model under consideration can be exploited for a fast, deterministic preparation of multipartite WW states in a readily realizable system of inductively-coupled superconducting qubits and microwave resonators.Comment: final, published versio

    Extracting spectral properties of small Holstein polarons from a transmon-based analog quantum simulator

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    The Holstein model, which describes purely local coupling of an itinerant excitation (electron, hole, exciton) with zero-dimensional (dispersionless) phonons, represents the paradigm for short-range excitation-phonon interactions. It is demonstrated here how spectral properties of small Holstein polarons -- heavily phonon-dressed quasiparticles, formed in the strong-coupling regime of the Holstein model -- can be extracted from an analog quantum simulator of this model. This simulator, which is meant to operate in the dispersive regime of circuit quantum electrodynamics, has the form of an array of capacitively coupled superconducting transmon qubits and microwave resonators, the latter being subject to a weak external driving. The magnitude of XYXY-type coupling between adjacent qubits in this system can be tuned through an external flux threading the SQUID loops between those qubits; this translates into an {\em in-situ} flux-tunable hopping amplitude of a fictitious itinerant spinless-fermion excitation, allowing one to access all the relevant physical regimes of the Holstein model. By employing the kernel-polynomial method, based on expanding dynamical response functions in Chebyshev polynomials of the first kind and their recurrence relation, the relevant single-particle momentum-frequency resolved spectral function of this system is computed here for a broad range of parameter values. To complement the evaluation of the spectral function, it is also explained how -- by making use of the many-body version of the Ramsey interference protocol -- this dynamical-response function can be measured in the envisioned analog simulator.Comment: 17 pages, 7 figure

    Dicke-state preparation through global transverse control of Ising-coupled qubits

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    We consider the problem of engineering the two-excitation Dicke state D23|D^{3}_{2}\rangle in a three-qubit system with all-to-all Ising-type qubit-qubit interaction, which is also subject to global transverse (Zeeman-type) control fields. The theoretical underpinning for our envisioned state-preparation scheme, in which 000|000\rangle is adopted as the initial state of the system, is provided by a Lie-algebraic result that guarantees state-to-state controllability of this system for an arbitrary choice of initial- and final states that are invariant with respect to permutations of qubits. This scheme is envisaged in the form of a pulse sequence that involves three instantaneous control pulses, which are equivalent to global qubit rotations, and two Ising-interaction pulses of finite durations between consecutive control pulses. The design of this pulse sequence -- whose total duration is T0.95/JT\approx 0.95\:\hbar/J, where JJ is the Ising-coupling strength -- leans heavily on the concept of the symmetric sector, a four-dimensional, permutationally-invariant subspace of the three-qubit Hilbert space. We demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed state-preparation scheme by carrying out a detailed numerical analysis of its robustness to systematic errors, i.e. deviations from the optimal values of the eight parameters that characterize the underlying pulse sequence. Finally, we discuss how our proposed scheme can be generalized for engineering Dicke states in systems with N4N \ge 4 qubits. For the sake of illustration, we describe the preparation of the two-excitation Dicke state D24|D^{4}_{2}\rangle in a four-qubit system.Comment: extended version, accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.

    Digital quantum simulation of scalar Yukawa coupling: Dynamics following an interaction quench on IBM Q

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    Motivated by the dearth of studies pertaining to the digital quantum simulation of coupled fermion-boson systems and the revitalized interest in simulating models from medium- and high-energy physics, we investigate the nonequilibrium dynamics following a Yukawa-interaction quench on IBM Q. After adopting -- due to current quantum-hardware limitations -- a single-site (zero-dimensional) version of the scalar Yukawa-coupling model as our point of departure, we design low-depth quantum circuits that emulate its dynamics with up to three bosons. In particular, using advanced circuit-optimization techniques, in the one-boson case we demonstrate circuit compression, i.e. design a shallow (constant-depth) circuit that contains only two CNOT gates, regardless of the total simulation time. In the three-boson case -- where such a compression is not possible -- we design a circuit in which one Trotter step entails 8 CNOTs, this number being far below the maximal CNOT-cost of a generic three-qubit gate. Using an analogy with the travelling salesman problem, we also provide a CNOT-cost estimate for quantum circuits emulating the system dynamics for higher boson-number truncations. Finally, based on the proposed circuits for one- and three-boson cases, we quantify the system dynamics for several different initial states by evaluating the expected fermion- and boson numbers at an arbitrary time after the quench. We validate our results by finding their good agreement with the exact ones obtained through classical benchmarking.Comment: 19 pages, 21 figure