70 research outputs found

    Noninteger flux - why it does not work

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    We consider the Dirac operator on a 2-sphere without one point in the case of non-integer magnetic flux. We show that the spectral problem for the Hamiltonian (the square of Dirac operator) can always be well defined, if including in the Hilbert space only nonsingular on 2-sphere wave functions. However, this Hilbert space is not invariant under the action of the Dirac operator; the action of the latter on some nonsingular states produces singular functions. This breaks explicitly the supersymmetry of the spectrum. In the integer flux case, the supersymmetry can be restored if extending the Hilbert space to include locally regular sections of the corresponding fiber bundle. For non-integer fluxes, such an extention is not possible.Comment: 10 pages. Eq.(20) correcte

    Dolbeault Complex on S^4\{.} and S^6\{.} through Supersymmetric Glasses

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    S^4 is not a complex manifold, but it is sufficient to remove one point to make it complex. Using supersymmetry methods, we show that the Dolbeault complex (involving the holomorphic exterior derivative and its Hermitian conjugate) can be perfectly well defined in this case. We calculate the spectrum of the Dolbeault Laplacian. It involves 3 bosonic zero modes such that the Dolbeault index on S^4\{.} is equal to 3

    Self-duality and supersymmetry

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    We observe that the Hamiltonian H = D^2, where D is the flat 4d Dirac operator in a self-dual gauge background, is supersymmetric, admitting 4 different real supercharges. A generalization of this model to the motion on a curved conformally flat 4d manifold exists. For an Abelian self-dual background, the corresponding Lagrangian can be derived from known harmonic superspace expressions.Comment: 14 page

    Modified Korteweg-de Vries equation as a system with benign ghosts

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    We consider the modified Korteweg-de Vries equation, uxxx + 6u2ux + ut = 0, and explore its dynamics in spatial direction. Higher x derivatives bring about the ghosts. We argue that these ghosts are benign, i.e., the classical dynamics of this system does not involve a blow-up. This probably means that the associated quantum problem is also well defined

    Ultraviolet behavior of 6D supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories and harmonic superspace

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    We revisit the issue of higher-dimensional counterterms for the N=(1,1) supersymmetric Yang-Mills (SYM) theory in six dimensions using the off-shell N=(1,0) and on-shell N=(1,1) harmonic superspace approaches. The second approach is developed in full generality and used to solve, for the first time, the N=(1,1) SYM constraints in terms of N=(1,0) superfields. This provides a convenient tool to write explicit expressions for the candidate counterterms and other N=(1,1) invariants and may be conducive to proving non-renormalization theorems needed to explain the absence of certain logarithmic divergences in higher-loop contributions to scattering amplitudes in N=(1,1) SYM.Comment: 55 pages, published version in JHE

    Supersymmetric Proof of the Hirzebruch-Riemann-Roch Theorem for Non-K\"ahler Manifolds

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    We present the proof of the HRR theorem for a generic complex compact manifold by evaluating the functional integral for the Witten index of the appropriate supersymmetric quantum mechanical system

    Monopole harmonics on CPn1\mathbb{CP}^{n-1}

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    We find the spectra and eigenfunctions of both ordinary and supersymmetric quantum-mechanical models describing the motion of a charged particle over the CPn1\mathbb{CP}^{n-1} manifold in the presence of a background monopole-like gauge field. The states form degenerate SU(n)SU(n) multiplets and their wave functions acquire a very simple form being expressed via homogeneous coordinates. Their relationship to multidimensional orthogonal polynomials of a special kind is discussed. By the well-known isomorphism between the twisted Dolbeault and Dirac complexes, our construction also gives the eigenfunctions and eigenvalues of the Dirac operator on complex projective spaces in a monopole background.Comment: 42 pages, 3 figures, v2: minor corrections, references adde

    Born--Oppenheimer corrections to the effective zero-mode Hamiltonian in SYM theory

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    We calculate the subleading terms in the Born--Oppenheimer expansion for the effective zero-mode Hamiltonian of N = 1, d=4 supersymmetric Yang--Mills theory with any gauge group. The Hamiltonian depends on 3r abelian gauge potentials A_i, lying in the Cartan subalgebra, and their superpartners (r being the rank of the group). The Hamiltonian belongs to the class of N = 2 supersymmetric QM Hamiltonia constructed earlier by Ivanov and I. Its bosonic part describes the motion over the 3r--dimensional manifold with a special metric. The corrections explode when the root forms \alpha_j(A_i) vanish and the Born--Oppenheimer approximation breaks down.Comment: typos correcte
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