32 research outputs found

    The push and pull factors related to early retirees’ mental health status: A comparative study between Italy and Spain

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    AbstractIn recent years, early retirement has attracted increasing attention in the literature. Using a larger Italian- Spanish sample, this study examines the push and pull factors related to early retirees’ mental health status, as well as the moderating effects of perceived self-efficacy on the relationships between reasons for early retirement and mental health. Analyses revealed that poor retirees’ mental health is positively correlated to the push factor Pressure from Employer and negatively related to the pull factor Pursue Own Interests. Thus, mental health status is better for Italian retirees than for their Spanish counterparts. The Italian sample shows that Pursue Own Interests was negatively related to poorer mental health particularly under the low self-efficacy condition. Findings suggest that mental health depends on both the motivating reasons that lead people to retire early and the personal resources available to them to manage this psychosocial transition

    Conflitto lavoro/famiglia, burnout e work engagement negli insegnanti: Il ruolo moderatore delle risorse lavorative e personali

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    The present study contributes to the literature on the Job Demands-resources model in the italian school context. the aim of this paper is to examine how the interaction between work-family conflict (i.e., a typical job demand) and opportunities to learn and to develop and self-efficacy (i.e., typical job and personal resources, respectively) affect the core dimensions of burnout (exhaustion and depersonalization) and work engagement (vigor and dedication). Hypotheses were tested with a cross-sectional design among 143 teachers of a junior high school in the north of Italy. Results of moderated multiple regression analysis partially supported the hypotheses as the opportunities to learn and to develop buffered against the aversive effects of work-family conflict on depersonalization, whereas self-efficacy moderated the relationship between work-family conflict and vigor. From a practical viewpoint, our findings suggest that opportunities to learn and to develop and self-efficacy are important re- sources that help teachers to reduce the negative effects related to work-family conflict.El presente estudio contribuye a la literatura sobre el modelo de demandas y recursos laborales en el contexto escolar italiano. El objetivo del artículo es examinar cómo la interacción entre el conflicto trabajo-familia (es decir, una típica demanda laboral), las oportunidades para aprender y desarrollarse, y la autoeficacia (es decir, recursos laborales y personales típicos, respectivamente) afectan a las dimensiones personales del burnout (agotamiento y despersonalización) y del involucramiento en el trabajo (vigor y dedicación). Las hipótesis fueron probadas con un diseño transversal con 143 maestros de escuela secundaria del norte de italia. los resultados del análisis de regresión múltiple moderada apoyaron hipótesis tales como que las oportunidades para aprender y desarrollarse son un amortiguador contra los efectos aversivos del conflicto trabajo-familia sobre la despersonalización, mientras que la autoeficacia modera la relación entre el conflicto trabajo-familia y el vigor. Desde un punto de vista práctico, nuestros hallazgos sugieren que las oportunidades para aprender y desarrollarse, y la autoeficacia son recursos importantes que ayudan a los maestros a reducir los efectos negativos relacionados con el conflicto trabajo-familia.O presente estudo contribui à literatura sobre o modelo de demandas e recursos laborais no contexto escolar italiano. O objetivo do artigo é examinar como a interação entre o conflito trabalho-família (é dizer, uma típica demanda laboral), as oportunidades para aprender y se desenvolver, e a auto-eficácia (é dizer, recursos laborais e pessoais típicos, respectivamente) afeitam as dimensões pessoais do esgotamento e despersonalização, e do envolvimento no trabalho (vigor e dedicação). As hipóteses foram experimentadas com uma programação transversal com 143 professores de colégio do norte da Itália. Os resultados da análise de regressão múltiple moderada apoiaram hipóteses tais como que as oportunidades para aprender e se desenvolver são um amortecedor contra os efeitos aversivos do conflito trabalho-família sobre a despersonalização, enquanto que a auto-eficácia modera a relação entre o conflito trabalho-família e o vigor. Desde um ponto de vista prático, nossos achados sugerem que as oportunidades para aprender e se desenvolver, e a auto-eficácia são recursos importantes que ajudam aos professores a reduzir os efeitos negativos relacionado com o conflito trabalho-famíli

    Health, stress and technologies: integrating technology acceptance and health belief models for smartphone-based stress intervention

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    Work-related stress significantly jeopardizes employees’ physical and mental health due to the considerable time they spend at work. Smartphone-based interventions provide a promising solution, eliminating traditional face-to-face interventions’ barriers. However, the elements that influence workers’ intentions to use this still remain unexplored. This study explores the link between health belief model (HBM) and technology acceptance model (TAM) factors. In this study, 336 Italian workers (64% female) answered an online questionnaire. We employed a structural equation model (SEM) to analyze the data. The results unveiled an indirect relationship: individuals perceiving health risks were more inclined to use stress-management apps, mediated by perceived utility (PU). This study underscores the significant potential of integrating the HBM with the TAM in predicting users’ preparedness for smartphone-based health interventions. These findings not only hold substantial value but also illuminate a path forward for professionals and organizations, offering insights to tailor and optimize smartphone tools for stress management and the promotion of workplace well-being. Ultimately, this research paves the way for the cultivation of healthier work environments, marking a noteworthy contribution to the field

    Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Triple-Cation Mixed-Halide Perovskites

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    Mixed-cation lead mixed-halide perovskites are the best candidates for perovskite-based photovoltaics, thanks to their higher efficiency and stability compared to the single-cation single-halide parent compounds. TripleMix (Cs0.05MA0.14FA0.81PbI2.55Br0.45 with FA = formamidinium and MA = methylammonium) is one of the most efficient and stable mixed perovskites for single-junction solar cells. The microscopic reasons why triplecation perovskites perform so well are still under debate. In this work, we investigated the structure and dynamics of TripleMix by exploiting multinuclear solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (SSNMR), which can provide this information at a level of detail not accessible by other techniques. 133Cs, 13C, 1 H, and 207Pb SSNMR spectra confirmed the inclusion of all ions in the perovskite, without phase segregation. Complementary measurements showed a peculiar longitudinal relaxation behavior for the 1 H and 207Pb nuclei in TripleMix with respect to single-cation single-halide perovskites, suggesting slower dynamics of both organic cations and halide anions, possibly related to the high photovoltaic performances

    Blu e il cielo: un progetto didattico sperimentale per la scuola dell’infanzia.

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    Il progetto didattico generale è presentato nelle pagine web: https://www.oa-cagliari.inaf.it/divulgazione/page.php?id_page=124&level=4 https://play.inaf.it/le-avventure-di-blu/In questo report riassumeremo le linee generali di un progetto didattico pilota (“Blu e il cielo”) realizzato dall'INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Cagliari durante l'anno scolastico 2018-2019. Il progetto è stato sviluppato nell’ambito delle attività di progettazione e produzione di materiali didattici per studenti di qualsiasi età e livello scolastico, che INAF porta avanti da anni a livello sia locale sia nazionale. In particolare, il progetto descritto nel presente report è stato recentemente sviluppato attorno a un personaggio guida, una sfera blu chiamata Blu, che si propone di diventare un elemento iconografico identificativo delle attività didattiche INAF per i bambini della fascia prescolare o dei primi anni della scuola primaria

    Burnout and work engagement among teachers: an application of the job demands-resources model

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    The present dissertation focuses on burnout and work engagement among teachers, with especial focus on the Job-Demands Resources Model: Chapter 1 focuses on teacher burnout. It aims to investigate the role of efficacy beliefs using negatively worded inefficacy items instead of positive ones and to establish whether depersonalization and cynism can be considered two different dimensions of the teacher burnout syndrome. Chapter 2 investigates the factorial validity of the instruments used to measure work engagement (i.e. Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, UWES-17 and UWES-9). Moreover, because the current study is partly longitudinal in nature, also the stability across time of engagement can be investigated. Finally, based on cluster-analyses, two groups that differ in levels of engagement are compared as far as their job- and personal resources (i.e. possibilities for personal development, work-life balance, and self-efficacy), positive organizational attitudes and behaviours (i.e., job satisfaction and organizational citizenship behaviour) and perceived health are concerned. Chapter 3 tests the JD-R model in a longitudinal way, by integrating also the role of personal resources (i.e. self-efficacy). This chapter seeks answers to questions on what are the most important job demands, job and personal resources contributing to discriminate burned-out teachers from non-burned-out teachers, as well as engaged teachers from non-engaged teachers. Chapter 4 uses a diary study to extend knowledge about the dynamic nature of the JD-R model by considering between- and within-person variations with regard to both motivational and health impairment processes

    Smartphone-based interventions for employees' well-being promotion: a systematic review

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    Occupational Psychology faces challenges concerning the promotion of employees' well-being and health. The use of emergent technologies (e.g. smartphone) has revealed new opportunities to deliver effective, cheap and early interventions. By following the international PRISMA statement guidelines, this systematic review aims to bring together workplace smartphone-based interventions, targeting employees' well-being and psycho-physical health, to address the lack of studies focused on workplace settings. Results were drawn from 31 quantitative and qualitative studies, testing smartphone applications. The authors extracted multiple information for each article: focus, target, theoretical background, users' engagement and study design. Findings show the lack of theoretical background, reliable study design and the prevalence of physical health interventions. Moreover, our review identifies the importance of users' engagement for an intervention's effectiveness. It is relevant to design specific mHealth interventions, to provide employees with the skills to cope with and manage work-stress and enhance their general health and well-being

    Presenteeism “on the desk”

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    I am engaged, I feel good, and I go the extra-mile: Reciprocal relationships between work engagement and consequences

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    The purpose of the present study was to examine longitudinal relationships between work engagement and mental-health problems, job satisfaction, and extra-role performance (traditionally considered as work-engagement \u201coutcomes\u201d) in terms of reciprocal causality. On the basis of the Conservation of Resources theory, the Broaden-and-Build theory, and previous studies, we hypothesized that the relationships between work engagement and such variables are reciprocal over time. The study was conducted among 157 schoolteachers, and the time lag was of five months on average. Results of structural-equation-modelling analysis showed that the model with reciprocal relationships exhibited the best fit with the data. Specifically, work engagement at T1 predicted mental-health problems, job satisfaction, and organizational citizenship behaviours at T2. Moreover, T1 mental-health problems were negatively related to T2 work engagement, whereas T1 job satisfaction and T1 organizational-citizenship behaviours were positively related to T2 work engagement. Overall, our findings provide evidence for a reciprocal influence between engagement and these constructs, meaning that none of them can be considered as only a cause or only a consequence

    Presenteeism “on the desk”: The relationships with work responsibilities, work-to-family conflict and emotional exhaustion among Italian schoolteachers

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    Purpose. The purpose of this paper is to examine the antecedents and consequences of the phenomenon of presenteeism in the educational sector. Particularly, the authors tested the relationship between excessive work responsibilities, presenteeism, work-to-family conflict and workers’ emotional exhaustion. Design/methodology/approach. A self-report questionnaire was administered to 264 teachers in secondary schools. Findings. A subsequent mediation of presenteeism and work-to-family conflict between work responsibilities and emotional exhaustion was found. Originality/value. The findings of this study will provide help today’s organisations for better understanding and managing the new phenomenon of presenteeism in order to promote workers’ well-being and performance
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