22 research outputs found

    Giant oscillations of energy levels in mesoscopic superconductors

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    The interplay of geometrical and Andreev quantization in mesoscopic superconductors leads to giant mesoscopic oscillations of energy levels as functions of the Fermi momentum and/or sample size. Quantization rules are formulated for closed quasiparticle trajectories in the presence of normal scattering at the sample boundaries. Two generic examples of mesoscopic systems are studied: (i) one dimensional Andreev states in a quantum box, (ii) a single vortex in a mesoscopic cylinder.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    Electron-phonon heat transfer in giant vortex states

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    We examine energy relaxation of nonequilibrium quasiparticles (QPs) in different vortex configurations in "dirty" s-wave superconductors (SCs). The heat flow from the electronic subsystem to phonons in a mesoscopic SC disk with a radius of the order of several coherence lengths is calculated both in the Meissner and in the giant vortex states using the Usadel approach. The recombination process is shown to be strongly affected by interplay of the subgap states, located in the vortex core and in the region at the sample edge where the spectral gap Eg is reduced by the Meissner currents. In order to uncover the physical origin of the results, we develop a semiquantitative analytical approximation based on the combination of homogeneous solutions of Usadel equations in Meissner and vortex states of a mesoscopic SC disk and analytically calculate the corresponding spatially resolved electron-phonon heat rates. Our approach provides important information about nonequilibrium QPs cooling by the magnetic field-induced traps in various mesoscopic SC devices

    Magnetization reversal of ferromagnetic nanodisc placed above a superconductor

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    Using numerical simulation we have studied a magnetization distribution and a process of magnetization reversal in nanoscale magnets placed above a superconductor plane. In order to consider an influence of superconductor on magnetization distribution in the nanomagnet we have used London approximation. We have found that for usual values of London penetration depth the ground state magnetization is mostly unchanged. But at the same time the fields of vortex nucleation and annihilation change significantly: the interval where vortex is stable enlarges on 100-200 Oe for the particle above the superconductor. Such fields are experimentally observable so there is a possibility of some practical applications of this effect.Comment: 8 pages, 9 figure

    Hybridization and interference effects for localized superconducting states in strong magnetic field

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    Within the Ginzburg-Landau model we study the critical field and temperature enhancement for crossing superconducting channels formed either along the sample edges or domain walls in thin-film magnetically coupled superconducting - ferromagnetic bilayers. The corresponding Cooper pair wave function can be viewed as a hybridization of two order parameter (OP) modes propagating along the boundaries and/or domain walls. Different momenta of hybridized OP modes result in the formation of vortex chains outgoing from the crossing point of these channels. Near this crossing point the wave functions of the modes merge giving rise to the increase in the critical temperature for a localized superconducting state. The origin of this critical temperature enhancement caused by the wave function squeezing is illustrated for a limiting case of approaching parallel boundaries and/or domain walls. Using both the variational method and numerical simulations we have studied the critical temperature dependence and OP structure vs the applied magnetic field and the angle between the crossing channels.Comment: 12 pages, 13 figure

    Ionization-induced leaking-mode channeling of intense short laser pulses in gases

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    We demonstrate that short laser pulse self-guiding over distances of many Rayleigh lengths can be achieved in the absence of any focusing nonlinearity as a result of trapping of a leaking wave in a plasma channel produced by field-induced ionization in the saturation regime. A detailed computational study of the new self-guiding effect in both cases of comparatively long laser pulses, when the traditional approximation of the slowly varying complex amplitude is valid, and of high intense ultrashort laser pulses comprising only few field cycles have been performed

    Vortex Core States in Superconducting Graphene

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    The distinctive features of the electronic structure of vortex states in superconducting graphene are studied within the Bogolubov-de Gennes theory applied to excitations near the Dirac point. We suggest a scenario describing the subgap spectrum transformation which occurs with a change in the doping level. For an arbitrary vorticity and doping level we investigate the problem of existence of zero energy modes. The crossover to a Caroli - de Gennes - Matricon type of spectrum is studied.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figure

    Dynamics and transformations of Josephson vortex lattice in layered superconductors

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    We consider dynamics of Josephson vortex lattice in layered superconductors with magnetic, charge (electrostatic) and charge-imbalance (quasiparticle) interactions between interlayer Josephson junctions taken into account. The macroscopic dynamical equations for interlayer Josephson phase differences, intralayer charge and electron-hole imbalance are obtained and used for numerical simulations. Different transformations of the vortex lattice structure are observed. It is shown that the additional dissipation due to the charge imbalance relaxation leads to the stability of triangular lattice.Comment: 9 pages, 3 eps figures, to be published in Phys. Rev.
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