38 research outputs found

    Optimum Asymptotic Multiuser Efficiency of Pseudo-Orthogonal Randomly Spread CDMA

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    A KK-user pseudo-orthogonal (PO) randomly spread CDMA system, equivalent to transmission over a subset of KKK'\leq K single-user Gaussian channels, is introduced. The high signal-to-noise ratio performance of the PO-CDMA is analyzed by rigorously deriving its asymptotic multiuser efficiency (AME) in the large system limit. Interestingly, the KK'-optimized PO-CDMA transceiver scheme yields an AME which is practically equal to 1 for system loads smaller than 0.1 and lower bounded by 1/4 for increasing loads. As opposed to the vanishing efficiency of linear multiuser detectors, the derived efficiency is comparable to the ultimate CDMA efficiency achieved for the intractable optimal multiuser detector.Comment: WIC 27th Symposium on Information Theory in the Benelux, 200

    Low-Density Code-Domain NOMA: Better Be Regular

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    A closed-form analytical expression is derived for the limiting empirical squared singular value density of a spreading (signature) matrix corresponding to sparse low-density code-domain (LDCD) non-orthogonal multiple-access (NOMA) with regular random user-resource allocation. The derivation relies on associating the spreading matrix with the adjacency matrix of a large semiregular bipartite graph. For a simple repetition-based sparse spreading scheme, the result directly follows from a rigorous analysis of spectral measures of infinite graphs. Turning to random (sparse) binary spreading, we harness the cavity method from statistical physics, and show that the limiting spectral density coincides in both cases. Next, we use this density to compute the normalized input-output mutual information of the underlying vector channel in the large-system limit. The latter may be interpreted as the achievable total throughput per dimension with optimum processing in a corresponding multiple-access channel setting or, alternatively, in a fully-symmetric broadcast channel setting with full decoding capabilities at each receiver. Surprisingly, the total throughput of regular LDCD-NOMA is found to be not only superior to that achieved with irregular user-resource allocation, but also to the total throughput of dense randomly-spread NOMA, for which optimum processing is computationally intractable. In contrast, the superior performance of regular LDCD-NOMA can be potentially achieved with a feasible message-passing algorithm. This observation may advocate employing regular, rather than irregular, LDCD-NOMA in 5G cellular physical layer design.Comment: Accepted for publication in the IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT), June 201

    Capacity of Complexity-Constrained Noise-Free CDMA

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    An interference-limited noise-free CDMA downlink channel operating under a complexity constraint on the receiver is introduced. According to this paradigm, detected bits, obtained by performing hard decisions directly on the channel's matched filter output, must be the same as the transmitted binary inputs. This channel setting, allowing the use of the simplest receiver scheme, seems to be worthless, making reliable communication at any rate impossible. We prove, by adopting statistical mechanics notion, that in the large-system limit such a complexity-constrained CDMA channel gives rise to a non-trivial Shannon-theoretic capacity, rigorously analyzed and corroborated using finite-size channel simulations.Comment: To appear in IEEE Communications Letter

    Polynomial Linear Programming with Gaussian Belief Propagation

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    Interior-point methods are state-of-the-art algorithms for solving linear programming (LP) problems with polynomial complexity. Specifically, the Karmarkar algorithm typically solves LP problems in time O(n^{3.5}), where nn is the number of unknown variables. Karmarkar's celebrated algorithm is known to be an instance of the log-barrier method using the Newton iteration. The main computational overhead of this method is in inverting the Hessian matrix of the Newton iteration. In this contribution, we propose the application of the Gaussian belief propagation (GaBP) algorithm as part of an efficient and distributed LP solver that exploits the sparse and symmetric structure of the Hessian matrix and avoids the need for direct matrix inversion. This approach shifts the computation from realm of linear algebra to that of probabilistic inference on graphical models, thus applying GaBP as an efficient inference engine. Our construction is general and can be used for any interior-point algorithm which uses the Newton method, including non-linear program solvers.Comment: 7 pages, 1 figure, appeared in the 46th Annual Allerton Conference on Communication, Control and Computing, Allerton House, Illinois, Sept. 200