8 research outputs found

    Efektivitas Penerapan Metode Diskusi dengan Pendekatan Matematika Realistik (PMR) Ditinjau dari Tipe Kepribadian Siswa Kelas VIII SMP Negeri di Kabupaten Lampung Timur

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    The aims of this research are to know: (1) Which one more effective, learning using discussion with realistic mathematics  approach or a conventional learning. (2) Which one gives better mathematics learning achievement, student with personality types Sanguine or Phlegmatis. (3) Which one more effective for each personality typeof students, learning using discussion withPMR or a conventional learning.This research used quasi experimental method with its population included all of students of state junior high school in East Lampung Regency. Sampling was done by stratified cluster random sampling. The size of the samples was 202 students. The data collection technique were the document that was the last of examination theseven grade for initial capability data before the experiment, achievement tests for mathematics student achievement data, and questioner of personality types. The data was analyzed using analysis of variance. The conclusions of the research were as follows: (1) learning mathematics using discussion with PMR is more effective than learning mathematics usingdiscussion with conventional approach. (2) Students with personalitytypesof Sanguinenor Phlegmatis have the same mathematics achievement. (3) For each personality type of students, learning using discussion with PMR approach is more effective than learning mathematics the method of discussion withconventional approach

    Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Siswa SMP se-Kota Pontianak

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    AbstrakKemampuan berpikir kreatif adalah salah satu kemampuan yang perlu dimiliki oleh siswa pada tahap perkembangan pengetahuannya. Hal tersebut karena kemampuan berpikir kreatif merupakan kemampuan dasar bagi siswa untuk dapat bersaing dalam menghadapi tantangan hidup yang tidak lepas dari perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan, terutama penguasaan terhadap semua mata pelajaran di sekolah. Penelitan dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk menganalisis kemampuan berpikir kreatif siswa SMP se-Kota Pontianak yang terbagi menjadi sekolah kategori tinggi, sekolah kategori sedang, dan sekolah kategori rendah. Jenis penelitian adalah penelitian deskriptif dengan bentuk penelitiannya adalah penelitian survei. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik stratified cluster random sampling. Dari 23 sekolah diambil secara acak masing-masing sekolah kategori tinggi, sedang, dan rendah. Pengkategorian sekolah berdasarkan nilai Ujian Nasional siswa. Berdasarkan hasil analisis penelitian diperoleh rata-rata kemampuan berpikir kreatif siswa SMP se-Kota Pontianak sebesar 44,4% dengan kategori cukup, sedangkan kemampuan berpikir kreatif siswa pada sekolah kategori tinggi, sedang, dan rendah masing-masing sebesar 46,05%, 45,15%, dan 42% yang berarti tergolong cukup. AbstractCreative thinking skills are one of the abilities students need to have at the stage their learning. This is because creative thinking is a fundamental ability for students to compete in the development of science. Therefore, this research aimed to reveal the ability of creative thinking of junior high school students in Pontianak, which was divided into three categories, namely schools with high, medium and low categories. This research is descriptive research with research form is survey research. The sample of this research was 23 schools taken by using stratified cluster random sampling represent schools with high, medium and low categories. Categorization of schools based on students National Exam scores. Based on the result of the research analysis, it was found that overall mean score of creative thinking ability of junior high school students in Pontianak was 44.4% which was categorized as moderate. In addition, the mean score of students’ creative thinking skills at schools with high, medium and low categories were 46.05%, 45.15%, and 42% which was categorized as moderate

    UPAYA MENINGKATKAN MOTIVASI DAN HASIL BELAJAR PADA SISWA MTs MELALUI PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA REALISTIK

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    Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui peningkatan motivasi dan hasil belajar matematika siswa setelah diajarkan menggunakan pembelajaran matematika realistik (PMR). Penelitian ini adalah penelitian tindakan kelas yang dilakukan dalam tiga siklus. Subjek penelitian ini adalah kelas VIIC yang terdiri dari 31 siswa. Data penelitian terdiri dari data motivasi siswa yang diperoleh dengan angket motivasi dan data hasil belajar siswa yang diperoleh dari hasil tes setiap akhir siklus.Setelah dilakukan pembelajaran menggunakan pembelajaran matematika realistik yang dilaksanakan di kelas VIIC semester ganjil MTsAl Hikmah Bandar Lampung tahun pelajaran 2009/2010,dapat disimpulkan bahwa PMR dapat meningkatkan motivasi dan hasil belajar matematika siswa.Kata kunci: PMR, motivasi, hasil belajar matematika

    EKSPERIMENTASIMETODE DISKUSI DENGAN PENDEKATANQUANTUM LEARNING DITINJAU DARI TIPE KEPRIBADIAN SISWA

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    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui: (1) mana yang lebih efektif, pembelajaran menggunakan metode diskusi dengan pendekatan Quantum Learning (QL) atau pembelajaran konvensional; (2) mana yang mempunyai prestasi belajar matematika lebih baik, siswa dengan tipe kepribadian Sanguinis atau Phlegmatis; (3) mana yang lebih efektif untuk masing-masing tipe kepribadian siswa, pembelajaran menggunakan metode diskusi dengan  pendekatan QL atau pembelajaran konvensional.Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental semu dengan populasi seluruh siswa SMP Se-Kabupaten Lampung Timur. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik stratified cluster random sampling. Sampel dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 202 siswa. Teknik pengumpulan data meliputi metode dokumentasi untuk mendapatkan nilai ujian akhir semester genap kelas VII sebagai data kemampuan awal; metode tes untuk data prestasi belajar matematika siswa; dan metode angket untuk data tipe kepribadian siswa. Uji hipotesis penelitian menggunakan analisis variansi. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan sebagai berikut.(1) Pembelajaran matematika menggunakan metode diskusi dengan pendekatan pembelajaran QL lebih efektif dibandingkan pembelajaran matematika menggunakan metode diskusi dengan pendekatan pembelajaran konvensional. (2) Pada siswa dengan tipe kepribadian Sanguinis maupun Phlegmatis memiliki prestasi belajar matematika yang sama. (3) Untuk masing-masing tipe kepribadian, pembelajaran menggunakan metode diskusi dengan pendekatan QL lebih efektif dibandingkan pembelajaran matematika menggunakan metode diskusi dengan pembelajaran konvensional. Kata kunci: Pendekatan Quantum Learning, Tipe KepribadianSanguinis dan Phlegmati

    EFEKTIVITAS PENERAPAN METODE DISKUSI DENGAN PENDEKATAN MATEMATIKA REALISTIK (PMR) DAN PENDEKATAN QUANTUM LEARNING (QL) DITINJAU DARI TIPE KEPRIBADIAN SISWA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PRESTASI BELAJAR MATEMATIKA SISWA KELAS VIII SMP NEGERI DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG TIM

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    Abstract: The aims of this research are to know: (1) Which one more effective, learning using discussion with realistic mathematics approach, Quantum Learning (QL) or a conventional learning. (2) Which one gives better mathematics learning achievement, student with personality types Sanguine, Melancholy, Choleric or Phlegmatis. (3) Which one more effective for each personality type of students, learning using discussion with PMR, QL or a conventional learning. This research used quasi experimental method with its population included all of students of state junior high school in East Lampung Regency. Sampling was done by stratified cluster random sampling. The size of the samples was 303 students. The data collection technique were the document that was the last of examination the seven grade for initial capability data before the experiment, achievement tests for mathematics student achievement data, and questioner of personality types. The data was analyzed using analysis of variance. The conclusions of the research were as follows: (1) learning mathematics using discussion with PMR is as effective as learning mathematics using the method of discussion with QL. However, learning of mathematics using discussion with PMR approach is more effective than learning mathematics using discussion with conventional approach. Likewise, learning mathematics using discussion with QL approach is more effective than learning mathematics using discussion with conventional approach. (2) Students with personality types of Sanguine, Melancholy, Choleric, nor Phlegmatis have the same mathematics achievement. (3) For each personality type of students, learning using discussion with PMR approach is as effective as using discussion with QL. However, using discussion with PMR and QL approach is more effective than learning mathematics the method of discussion with conventional approach.Keywords: Realistic Mathematics Approach, Quantum Learning Approach, Personality Type

    EFEKTIVITAS PENERAPAN METODE DISKUSI DENGAN PENDEKATAN MATEMATIKA REALISTIK (PMR) DAN PENDEKATAN QUANTUM LEARNING (QL) DITINJAU DARI TIPE KEPRIBADIAN SISWA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PRESTASI BELAJAR MATEMATIKA SISWA KELAS VIII SMP NEGERI DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG TIMUR

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    The aims of this research are to know: (1) Which one more effective, learning using discussion with realistic mathematics approach, Quantum Learning (QL) or a conventional learning. (2) Which one gives better mathematics learning achievement, student with personality types Sanguine, Melancholy, Choleric or Phlegmatis. (3) Which one more effective for each personality type of students, learning using discussion with PMR, QL or a conventional learning. This research used quasi experimental method with its population included all of students of state junior high school in East Lampung Regency. Sampling was done by stratified cluster random sampling. The size of the samples was 303 students. The data collection technique were the document that was the last of examination the seven grade for initial capability data before the experiment, achievement tests for mathematics student achievement data, and questioner of personality types. The data was analyzed using analysis of variance. The conclusions of the research were as follows: (1) learning mathematics using discussion with PMR is as effective as learning mathematics using the method of discussion with QL. However, learning of mathematics using discussion with PMR approach is more effective than learning mathematics using discussion with conventional approach. Likewise, learning mathematics using discussion with QL approach is more effective than learning mathematics using discussion with conventional approach. (2) Students with personality types of Sanguine, Melancholy, Choleric, nor Phlegmatis have the same mathematics achievement. (3) For each personality type of students, learning using discussion with PMR approach is as effective as using discussion with QL. However, using discussion with PMR and QL approach is more effective than learning mathematics the method of discussion with conventional approach

    Development of Problem Based Learning-Based Digital Pocket Book to Improve Problem Solving Ability

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    Abstract:  This study aims to determine the problem-based learning-based digital pocket book to improve problem-solving skills that reach the level of validity, practicality and effectiveness. This research method is research and development using 4-D models (Four-D Models) by Thiagarajan. The research subjects were students of class VIII SMP Negeri 12 Pontianak totaling 32 students, experts, and teachers. The instruments used in this study were validation sheets, questionnaires, and posttest questions. Based on the research results, the results of the validation of digital pocket books based on problem based learning to improve problem solving skills have a percentage of 90.44% with very valid criteria. The level of practicality of problem-based learning-based digital pocket books to improve problem-solving skills is classified as having a very practical level with a percentage of 88%. In addition, for the results of the effectiveness level of problem-based learning-based digital pocket books to improve problem-solving skills, the posttest average result is 81% with effective criteria. Thus, it can be concluded that the problem-based learning-based digital pocket book to improve problem-solving skills developed can be used because it meets the criteria of very valid validity, very practicality, and effective effectiveness.Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui buku saku digital berbasis problem based learning untuk meningkatkan kemampuan pemecahan masalah yang mencapai tingkat kevalidan, kepraktisan dan keefektifan. Metode penelitian ini adalah penelitian pengembangan (Research and Development) dengan menggunakan model 4-D (Four-D Models) oleh Thiagarajan. Subjek penelitian adalah siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 12 Pontianak yang berjumlah 32 orang siswa, ahli, dan guru. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah lembar validasi, angket, dan soal posttest. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diperoleh hasil validasi buku saku digital berbasis problem based learning untuk meningkatkan kemampuan pemecahan masalah memiliki persentase 90,44 % dengan kriteria  sangat valid. Tingkat kepraktisan terhadap buku saku digital berbasis problem based learning untuk meningkatkan kemampuan pemecahan masalah tergolong memiliki tingkat sangat praktis dengan persentasenya sebesar 88%. Selain itu untuk hasil tingkat keefektifan terhadap buku saku digital berbasis problem based learning untuk meningkatkan kemampuan pemecahan masalah memiliki hasil rata-rata posttest sebesar 81% dengan kriteria  efektif. Dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa buku saku digital berbasis problem based learning untuk meningkatkan kemampuan pemecahan masalah yang dikembangkan dapat digunakan karena memenuhi kriteria kevalidan yang sangat valid, kepraktisan yang sangat praktis, dan keefektian yang efektif.
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