124 research outputs found

    Reconstruction from scalar-tensor theory and the inhomogeneous equation of state in f(T) Gravity

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    General relativity (GR) characterizes gravity as a geometric properly exhibited as curvature on spacetime. Teleprallelism describes gravity through torsional properties, and can reproduce GR at the level of equations. Similar to f(R) gravity, on taking a generalization, f(T) gravity can produce various modifications its gravitational mechanism. The resulting field equations are inherently distinct to f(R) gravity in that they are second order. In the present work, f(T) gravity is examined in the cosmological context with a number of solutions reconstructed by means of an auxiliary scalar field. To do this, various forms of the Hubble parameter are considered with an f(T) lagrangian emerging for each instance. In addition, the inhomogeneous equation of state (EoS) is investigated with a particular Hubble parameter model used to show how this can be used to reconstruct the f(T) lagrangian. Observationally, both the auxiliary scalar field or exotic terms in the FRW field equations give the same results, meaning that the variation in the Hubble parameter may be interpreted as the need to reformulate gravity in some way as is done in f(T) gravity.Comment: 9 page

    A Perturbative Approach to Neutron Stars in f(T,T)−f(T, \mathcal{T})-Gravity

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    We derive a Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equation in neutron star systems within the modified f(T,T)f(T, \mathcal{T})-gravity class of models using a perturbative approach. In our approach f(T,T)f(T, \mathcal{T})-gravity is considered to be a static spherically symmetric space-time. In this instance the metric is built from a more fundamental tetrad vierbein which can be used to relate inertial and global coordinates. A linear function f=T(r)+T(r)+χh(T,T)+O(χ2)f = T(r) + \mathcal{T}(r) + \chi h(T, \mathcal{T}) + \mathcal{O}(\chi^{2}) is taken as the Lagrangian density for the gravitational action. Finally we impose the polytropic equation of state of neutron star upon the derived equations in order to derive the mass profile and mass-central density relations of the neutron star in f(T,T)f(T, \mathcal{T})-gravity.Comment: arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1701.0476

    Quark Stars in f(T,T)−f(T, \mathcal{T})-Gravity

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    We derive a working model for the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equation for quark star systems within the modified f(T,T)f(T, \mathcal{T})-gravity class of models. We consider f(T,T)f(T, \mathcal{T})-gravity for a static spherically symmetric space-time. In this instance the metric is built from a more fundamental tetrad vierbein from which the metric tensor can be derived. We impose a linear f(T)f(T) parameter parameter, namely taking f=αT(r)+βT(r)+φf=\alpha T(r) + \beta \mathcal{T}(r) + \varphi and investigate the behavior of a linear energy-momentum tensor trace, T\mathcal{T}. We also outline the restrictions which modified f(T,T)f(T, \mathcal{T})-gravity imposes upon the coupling parameters. Finally we incorporate the MIT bag model in order to derive the mass-radius and mass-central density relations of the quark star within f(T,T)f(T, \mathcal{T})-gravity

    The EPR correlation in Kerr-Newman spacetime

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    The EPR correlation has become an integral part of quantum communications as has general relativity in classical communication theory, however when combined an apparent deterioration is observed for spin states. We consider appropriate changes in directions of measurement to exploit full EPR entanglement for a pair of particles and show that it can be deduced only up to the outer even horizon of a Kerr-Newman black hole, even in the case of freely falling observer.Comment: 8 pages, 3 figure

    Some aspects of reconstruction using a scalar field in f (T ) Gravity

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    General relativity characterizes gravity as a geometric property exhibited on spacetime by massive objects while teleparallel gravity achieves the same results, at the level of equations, by taking a torsional perspective of gravity. Similar to f (R) theory, teleparallel gravity can also be generalized to f (T ), with the resulting field equations being inherently distinct from f (R) gravity in that they are second order, while in the former case they turn out to be fourth order. In the present case, a minimally coupled scalar field is investigated in the f (T ) gravity context for several forms of the scalar field potential. A number of new f (T ) solutions are found for these potentials, with their respective state parameters also being examined.Comment: 22 pages, 19 figures, to appear in EPJ

    Generalized Tachyonic Teleparallel cosmology

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    In this paper we propose a new dark energy model in the teleparallel alternative of general relativity, by considering a generalized non--minimal coupling of a tachyonic scalar field with the teleparallel boundary term. Within the framework of teleparallel gravity, the boundary coupling term is associated with the divergence of the torsion vector. Considering the linear stability technique for various potentials and couplings, we have analyzed the dynamical properties of the present tachyonic dark energy model in the phase space, uncovering the corresponding essential dynamical features. Our study of the phase space structure revealed that for a specific class of potential energy, this model exhibits various critical points which are related to different cosmological behaviors, such as accelerated expansion and scaling solutions, determining the existence conditions and the corresponding physical features.Comment: Matches published version in EPJ

    Can Horndeski Theory be recast using Teleparallel Gravity?

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    Horndeski gravity is the most general scalar tensor theory, with a single scalar field, leading to second order field equations and after the GW170817 it has been severely constrained. In this paper, we study the analogue of Horndeski's theory in the teleparallel gravity framework were gravity is mediated through torsion instead of curvature. We show that, even though, many terms are the same as in the curvature case, we have much richer phenomenology in the teleparallel setting because of the nature of the torsion tensor. Moreover, Teleparallel Horndenski contains the standard Horndenski gravity as a subcase and also contains many modified Teleparallel theories considered in the past, such as f(T)f(T) gravity or Teleparallel Dark energy. Thus, due to the appearing of a new term in the Lagrangian, this theory can explain dark energy without a cosmological constant, may describe a crossing of the phantom barrier, explain inflation and also solve the tension for H0H_0, making it a good candidate for a correct modified theory of gravity.Comment: 18 pages, 1 figur

    Charged Cylindrical Black Holes in Conformal Gravity

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    Considering cylindrical topology we present the static solution for a charged black hole in conformal gravity. We show that unlike the general relativistic case there are two different solutions, both including a factor that when set to zero recovers the familiar static charged black string solution in Einstein's theory. This factor gives rise to a linear term in the potential that also features in the neutral case and may have significant ramifications for particle trajectories.Comment: 8 page
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