3,216 research outputs found

### Sequences of regressions and their independences

Ordered sequences of univariate or multivariate regressions provide
statistical models for analysing data from randomized, possibly sequential
interventions, from cohort or multi-wave panel studies, but also from
cross-sectional or retrospective studies. Conditional independences are
captured by what we name regression graphs, provided the generated distribution
shares some properties with a joint Gaussian distribution. Regression graphs
extend purely directed, acyclic graphs by two types of undirected graph, one
type for components of joint responses and the other for components of the
context vector variable. We review the special features and the history of
regression graphs, derive criteria to read all implied independences of a
regression graph and prove criteria for Markov equivalence that is to judge
whether two different graphs imply the same set of independence statements.
Knowledge of Markov equivalence provides alternative interpretations of a given
sequence of regressions, is essential for machine learning strategies and
permits to use the simple graphical criteria of regression graphs on graphs for
which the corresponding criteria are in general more complex. Under the known
conditions that a Markov equivalent directed acyclic graph exists for any given
regression graph, we give a polynomial time algorithm to find one such graph.Comment: 43 pages with 17 figures The manuscript is to appear as an invited
discussion paper in the journal TES

### Induced polarization and electronic properties of carbon doped boron-nitride nanoribbons

The electronic properties of boron-nitride nanoribbons (BNNRs) doped with a
line of carbon atoms are investigated by using density functional calculations.
Three different configurations are possible: the carbon atoms may replace a
line of boron or nitrogen atoms or a line of alternating B and N atoms which
results in very different electronic properties. We found that: i) the NCB
arrangement is strongly polarized with a large dipole moment having an
unexpected direction, ii) the BCB and NCN arrangement are non-polar with zero
dipole moment, iii) the doping by a carbon line reduces the band gap
independent of the local arrangement of boron and nitrogen around the carbon
line, iv) an electric field parallel to the carbon line polarizes the BN sheet
and is found to be sensitive to the presence of carbon dopants, and v) the
energy gap between the highest occupied molecular orbital and the lowest
unoccupied molecular orbital decreases linearly with increasing applied
electric field directed parallel to the carbon line. We show that the
polarization and energy gap of carbon doped BNNRs can be tuned by an electric
field applied parallel along the carbon line.Comment: 11 pages, 6 figure

### The potential link between corporate innovations and corporate competitiveness:Evidence from IT firms in the UK

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide a thorough empirical investigation of the potential link between corporate innovations and corporate competitiveness in the context of the UK IT industry. Design/methodology/approach: This research uses a panel of 216 UK IT firms for the period from 2000 to 2016. The sample data for this study were extracted from the Worldscope, extracted from the Datastream database from Thomson Reuters. For the analysis of the data, the generalised method of moments model is applied. Findings: The results of this study provide empirical evidence that there exists a strong, positive link between corporate innovations and corporate competitiveness. Such evidence further reinforces the common view in the current literature of strategic management that because of the nature of their business, firms in the IT industry need to enhance their innovative capacities on a continual basis because of their critical role on these firmsâ€™ success and survival. Also, it is found that when the proxies for corporate innovations are lagged by two periods, their impact on corporate competitiveness becomes relatively more significant. However, when they are further lagged, i.e. by three periods, such an impact turns out to be relatively less pronounced. Research limitations/implications: The data gathered for this paper was restricted to IT-oriented firms in the UK. Using a secondary database (Datastream), the paper considered the period of 2000-2016. Originality/value: The research makes a significant contribution to the current debate on the relationship between information technology, innovation and performance, referred to in the literature as the productivity paradox, by studying the problem in the IT industry. It supports organisations from the sector in their efforts to deal with the dynamic nature of technological innovations and of the context where they operate. Methodologically, the way the study has measured the concepts of innovation and performance and the lessons learned from their analysis has also brought value to the research

### Thermodynamics of string black hole with hyperscaling violation

In this paper, we start with black brane and construct specific space-time
which violates hyperscaling. In order to obtain the string solution we apply
Null-Melvin-Twist and $KK$-reduction. By using the difference action method we
study thermodynamics of system to obtain Hawking-Page phase transition. In
order to have hyperscaling violation we need to consider $\theta=\frac{d}{2}.$
In that case the free energy $F$ is always negative and our solution is thermal
radiation without a black hole. Therefore we find that there is not any
Hawking-Page transition. Also, we discuss the stability of system and all
thermodynamical quantities.Comment: 12 pages. Accepted for publication in EPJ

### Calculating the jet-quenching parameter in STU background

In this paper we use the AdS/CFT correspondence to compute the jet-quenching
parameter in a N=2 thermal plasma. We consider the general three-charge black
hole and discuss some special cases. We add a constant electric field to the
background and find the effect of the electric field on the jet-quenching
parameter. Also we include higher derivative terms and obtain the first-order
correction for the jet-quenching parameter.Comment: 17 pages, 3 figures, revised versio

### The effect of higher derivative correction on $\eta /s$ and conductivities in STU model

In this paper we study the ratio of shear viscosity to entropy, electrical
and thermal conductivities for the R-charged black hole in STU model. We
generalize previous works to the case of a black hole with three different
charges. Actually we use diffusion constant to obtain ratio of shear viscosity
to entropy. By applying the thermodynamical stability we recover previous
results. Also we investigate the effect of higher derivative corrections.Comment: revised versio

### Velocity Curve Analysis of the Spectroscopic Binary Stars V373 Cas, V2388 Oph, V401 Cyg, GM Dra, V523 Cas, AB And, and HD 141929 by Artificial Neural Networks

We used an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) to derive the orbital parameters
of spectroscopic binary stars. Using measured radial velocity data of seven
double-lined spectroscopic binary systems V373 Cas, V2388 Oph, V401 Cyg, GM
Dra, V523 Cas, AB And, and HD 141929, we found corresponding orbital and
spectroscopic elements. Our numerical results are in good agreement with those
obtained by others using more traditional methods.Comment: 13 pages, 8 figures, 14 Table

### Baryon Binding Energy in Sakai-Sugimoto Model

The binding energy of baryon has been studied in the dual $AdS_5\times S^5$
string theory with a black hole interior. In this picture baryon is constructed
of a $D_5$ brane vertex wrapping on $S^5$ and $N_c$ fundamental strings
connected to it. Here, we calculate the baryon binding energy in Sakai-Sugimoto
model with a $D_4/D_8/\bar{D_8}$ in which the supersymmetry is completely
broken. Also we check the $T$ dependence of the baryon binding energy. We
believe that this model represents an accurate description of baryons due to
the existence of Chern-Simones coupling with the gauge field on the brane. We
obtain an analytical expression for the baryon binding energy . In that case we
plot the baryon binding energy in terms of radial coordinate. Then by using the
binding energy diagram, we determine the stability range for baryon
configuration. And also the position and energy of the stable equilibrium point
is obtained by the corresponding diagram. Also we plot the baryon binding
energy in terms of temperature and estimate a critical temperature in which the
baryon would be dissociated.Comment: 14 pages, 1 fi

### $AdS_{5}$ black hole at N=2 supergravity

In this paper, we consider the charged non-extremal black hole at five
dimensional N = 2 supergravity. We study thermodynamics of AdS_{5} black hole
with three equal charges (q_{1} = q_{2} = q_{3} = q). We obtain Schrodinger
like equation and discuss the effective potential. Then, we consider the case
of the perturbed dilaton field background and find presence of odd coefficients
of the wave function. Also we find that the higher derivative corrections have
no effect on the first and second even coefficients of the wave function.Comment: 17 pages, 4 figures. Published versio

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