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    Dynamic Control of Tunable Sub-optimal Algorithms for Scheduling of Time-varying Wireless Networks

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    It is well known that for ergodic channel processes the Generalized Max-Weight Matching (GMWM) scheduling policy stabilizes the network for any supportable arrival rate vector within the network capacity region. This policy, however, often requires the solution of an NP-hard optimization problem. This has motivated many researchers to develop sub-optimal algorithms that approximate the GMWM policy in selecting schedule vectors. One implicit assumption commonly shared in this context is that during the algorithm runtime, the channel states remain effectively unchanged. This assumption may not hold as the time needed to select near-optimal schedule vectors usually increases quickly with the network size. In this paper, we incorporate channel variations and the time-efficiency of sub-optimal algorithms into the scheduler design, to dynamically tune the algorithm runtime considering the tradeoff between algorithm efficiency and its robustness to changing channel states. Specifically, we propose a Dynamic Control Policy (DCP) that operates on top of a given sub-optimal algorithm, and dynamically but in a large time-scale adjusts the time given to the algorithm according to queue backlog and channel correlations. This policy does not require knowledge of the structure of the given sub-optimal algorithm, and with low overhead can be implemented in a distributed manner. Using a novel Lyapunov analysis, we characterize the throughput stability region induced by DCP and show that our characterization can be tight. We also show that the throughput stability region of DCP is at least as large as that of any other static policy. Finally, we provide two case studies to gain further intuition into the performance of DCP.Comment: Submitted for journal consideration. A shorter version was presented in IEEE IWQoS 200
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