5,287 research outputs found

### Towards Constraining Parity-Violations in Gravity with Satellite Gradiometry

Parity violation in gravity, if existed, could have important implications,
and it is meaningful to search and test the possible observational effects.
Chern-Simons modified gravity serves as a natural model for gravitational
parity-violations. Especially, considering extensions to Einstein-Hilbert
action up to second order curvature terms, it is known that theories of
gravitational parity-violation will reduce to the dynamical Chern-Simons
gravity. In this letter, we outline the theoretical principles of testing the
dynamical Chern-Simons gravity with orbiting gravity gradiometers, which could
be naturally incorporated into future satellite gravity missions. The secular
gravity gradient signals, due to the Mashhoon-Theiss (anomaly) effect, in
dynamical Chern-Simons gravity are worked out, which can improve the constraint
of the corresponding Chern-Simons length scale $\xi^{\frac{1}{4}}_{cs}$
obtained from such measurement scheme. For orbiting superconducting
gradiometers or gradiometers with optical readout, a bound
$\xi^{\frac{1}{4}}_{cs}\leq 10^6 \ km$ (or even better) could in principle be
obtained, which will be at least 2 orders of magnitude stronger than the
current one based on the observations from the GP-B mission and the LAGEOS I,
II satellites.Comment: 15 pages, 6 figures. arXiv admin note: text overlap with
arXiv:1606.0818

### Cosmological Implications of 5-dimensional Brans-Dicke Theory

The five dimensional Brans-Dicke theory naturally provides two scalar fields
by the Killing reduction mechanism. These two scalar fields could account for
the accelerated expansion of the universe. We test this model and constrain its
parameter by using the type Ia supernova (SN Ia) data. We find that the best
fit value of the 5-dimensional Brans-Dicke coupling contant is $\omega = -1.9$.
This result is also consistent with other observations such as the baryon
acoustic oscillation (BAO).Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, PLB accepte

### The Chiral Qubit: quantum computing with chiral anomaly

The quantum chiral anomaly enables a nearly dissipationless current in the
presence of chirality imbalance and magnetic field -- this is the Chiral
Magnetic Effect (CME), observed recently in Dirac and Weyl semimetals. Here we
propose to utilize the CME for the design of qubits potentially capable of
operating at THz frequency, room temperature, and the coherence time to gate
time ratio of about $10^4$. The proposed "Chiral Qubit" is a micron-scale ring
made of a Weyl or Dirac semimetal, with the $|0\rangle$ and $|1\rangle$ quantum
states corresponding to the symmetric and antisymmetric superpositions of
quantum states describing chiral fermions circulating along the ring clockwise
and counter-clockwise. A fractional magnetic flux through the ring induces a
quantum superposition of the $|0\rangle$ and $|1\rangle$ quantum states. The
entanglement of qubits can be implemented through the near-field THz frequency
electromagnetic fields.Comment: 7 pages, 3 figure

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