1,742 research outputs found

    Bayesian Analysis

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    After making some general remarks, I consider two examples that illustrate the use of Bayesian Probability Theory. The first is a simple one, the physicist's favorite "toy," that provides a forum for a discussion of the key conceptual issue of Bayesian analysis: the assignment of prior probabilities. The other example illustrates the use of Bayesian ideas in the real world of experimental physics.Comment: 14 pages, 5 figures, Workshop on Confidence Limits, CERN, 17-18 January, 200

    Model Inference with Reference Priors

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    We describe the application of model inference based on reference priors to two concrete examples in high energy physics: the determination of the CKM matrix parameters rhobar and etabar and the determination of the parameters m_0 and m_1/2 in a simplified version of the CMSSM SUSY model. We show how a 1-dimensional reference posterior can be mapped to the n-dimensional (n-D) parameter space of the given class of models, under a minimal set of conditions on the n-D function. This reference-based function can be used as a prior for the next iteration of inference, using Bayes' theorem recursively.Comment: Proceedings of PHYSTAT1

    Strategy for discovering a low-mass Higgs boson at the Fermilab Tevatron

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    We have studied the potential of the CDF and DZero experiments to discover a low-mass Standard Model Higgs boson, during Run II, via the processes ppˉp\bar{p} -> WH -> νbbˉ\ell\nu b\bar{b}, ppˉp\bar{p} -> ZH -> +bbˉ\ell^{+}\ell^{-}b\bar{b} and ppˉp\bar{p} -> ZH ->ννˉbbˉ\nu \bar{\nu} b\bar{b}. We show that a multivariate analysis using neural networks, that exploits all the information contained within a set of event variables, leads to a significant reduction, with respect to {\em any} equivalent conventional analysis, in the integrated luminosity required to find a Standard Model Higgs boson in the mass range 90 GeV/c**2 < M_H < 130 GeV/c**2. The luminosity reduction is sufficient to bring the discovery of the Higgs boson within reach of the Tevatron experiments, given the anticipated integrated luminosities of Run II, whose scope has recently been expanded.Comment: 26 pages, 8 figures, 7 tables, to appear in Physical Review D, Minor fixes and revision

    Multivariate disriminants

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