31,452 research outputs found

    Tuning electronic structure of graphene via tailoring structure: theoretical study

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    Electronic structures of graphene sheet with different defective patterns are investigated, based on the first principles calculations. We find that defective patterns can tune the electronic structures of the graphene significantly. Triangle patterns give rise to strongly localized states near the Fermi level, and hexagonal patterns open up band gaps in the systems. In addition, rectangular patterns, which feature networks of graphene nanoribbons with either zigzag or armchair edges, exhibit semiconducting behaviors, where the band gap has an evident dependence on the width of the nanoribbons. For the networks of the graphene nanoribbons, some special channels for electronic transport are predicted.Comment: 5 figures, 6 page

    The solution of special squeeze film gas bearing problems by an improved numerical technique

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    Computer program for solving squeeze film gas bearing problem

    Spherical squeeze-film hybrid bearing with small steady-state radial displacement

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    Spherical squeeze-film hybrid bearing with small steady-state radial displacement analysi

    Feed-Forward Propagation of Temporal and Rate Information between Cortical Populations during Coherent Activation in Engineered In Vitro Networks.

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    Transient propagation of information across neuronal assembles is thought to underlie many cognitive processes. However, the nature of the neural code that is embedded within these transmissions remains uncertain. Much of our understanding of how information is transmitted among these assemblies has been derived from computational models. While these models have been instrumental in understanding these processes they often make simplifying assumptions about the biophysical properties of neurons that may influence the nature and properties expressed. To address this issue we created an in vitro analog of a feed-forward network composed of two small populations (also referred to as assemblies or layers) of living dissociated rat cortical neurons. The populations were separated by, and communicated through, a microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) device containing a strip of microscale tunnels. Delayed culturing of one population in the first layer followed by the second a few days later induced the unidirectional growth of axons through the microtunnels resulting in a primarily feed-forward communication between these two small neural populations. In this study we systematically manipulated the number of tunnels that connected each layer and hence, the number of axons providing communication between those populations. We then assess the effect of reducing the number of tunnels has upon the properties of between-layer communication capacity and fidelity of neural transmission among spike trains transmitted across and within layers. We show evidence based on Victor-Purpura's and van Rossum's spike train similarity metrics supporting the presence of both rate and temporal information embedded within these transmissions whose fidelity increased during communication both between and within layers when the number of tunnels are increased. We also provide evidence reinforcing the role of synchronized activity upon transmission fidelity during the spontaneous synchronized network burst events that propagated between layers and highlight the potential applications of these MEMs devices as a tool for further investigation of structure and functional dynamics among neural populations

    Cooperon propagator description of high temperature superconductivity

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    A phenomenological description of the high-Tc superconductors based on the Cooperon propagator is presented. This model allows one to study the effects of local pairing correlations and long-range phase fluctuations on the same footing, both above and below Tc. Based on numerical calculations, it is shown that the two types of correlations contribute to the gap/pseudogap in the single-particle excitation spectra. The concourse of these two effects can induce low energy states, which should be observable in underdoped materials at very low temperature.Comment: LaTeX, 6 pages, 2 EPS figures; paper presented at New^3SC-3, Hawaii, 01/2001. To appear in Physica
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